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20th June - The Hindu Editorial - Part-2(in Hindi)
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Subhodeep Das
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  1. India's pivot to Eurasia The imperative to offer refuge The imperative to offer refuge The tet tokow Why India urgently needs a national asylum policy S. UBHODEEP


  2. Five years since Nargis first arrived in Delhi. The Afghan journalist in Herat, Afghanistan had to flee her country after the Taliban threatened to kill her. No opportunity to earn a living and has been unable to rebuild her life. On World Refugee Day (June 20), there is a need to reassess India's approach to refugee protection, particularly in light of the regional refugee crisis after the mass exodus of the Rohingya from Myanmar. UBHODEEP


  3. EDITORIAL DISCUSSION 20th June THE HINDU unacademy


  4. Real Picture India is host to over 200,000 refugees like her who have been forced to flee conflict and persecution in their home countries. Traditionally, India has hosted several persecuted groups such as Tibetans and Sri Lankans. While it is not a signatory to the 1951 Refugee Convention and has no domestic asylum law, it has reiterated its commitment towards the protection of refugees at various international fora, including the UN General Assembly UBHODEEP


  5. One of the most significant affirmations of this commitment was demonstrated by India becoming a signatory to the New York Declaration for Refugees and Migrants, which was adopted by 193 countries in September 2016. In doing so, India has expressed its solidarity with those forced to flee and agreed that protecting refugees and supporting the countries that shelter them are shared international responsibilities. The Declaration sets the stage for a new framework for refugee protection- the Global Compact on Refugees (GCR) UBHODEEP


  6. Global Compact on Refugees (GCR) Coordinated effort to strengthen international response to protracted refugee situations and comprehensively addresses all stages of refugee protection, from reception to long-term solutions key objectives: To ease pressures on host countries and enhance refugee self-reliance GCR recognises that certain refugee situations can last for decades and acknowledges that the burden is borne largely by developing countries, that now host over 80% of the refugee population in the world. UBHODEEP


  7. It also calls for support from the international community in the form of resources. Seeks to establish forums to enable expertise-sharing to promote economic opportunities, decent work and job creation for refugees Since the Declaration was adopted, the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) has been engaging with member states, UN bodies, and non-governmental organisations to develop a plan for its practical implementation; this will be finalised by the end of 2018 UBHODEEP


  8. Indian context Although India has hosted refugees of varying nationalities for decades, the country has done little beyond providing asylum Attempts to introduce a refugee law in the country government continues to adopt an ad hoc approach UBHODEEP


  9. Need Given that most refugees have been unable to return to their countries, leading to protracted refugee situations, there is an urgent need for the government to develop a uniform framework for their management during their stay in India Due to their unclear legal status and lack of uniform documentation, refugees have limited access to essential services Many of them, especially vulnerable women like Nargis, are at the mercy of touts and traffickers even within their own community. UBHODEEP


  10. Solution to this may lie within the GCR Calls for States to identify gaps and opportunities for employment and income generation for refugees mapping skills, vocational training and capacity-building among refugee populations India's commitment to refugee protection under the GCR is evident in its active participation in ongoing GCR consultations need for a clear mechanism for the refugee response regime committed to core humanitarian principles UBHODEEP


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