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12th June - The Hindu Editorial - Part-3 (in Hindi)
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Subhodeep Das
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  1. To the brink and back Keeping friends close To the brink and back S. UBHODEEP

  2. Background North Korea pulled out of the Non-Proliferation Treaty in 2003 and intensified its nuclear programme, the UN imposed sanctions. continued to conduct missile and nuclear weapon tests, provoking the UN and the U.S. to impose more severe sanctions UBHODEEP


  4. Prolonged sanctions Serious impact on the North Korean economy. Monthly exports from the country plunged from about $240 million in 2016 to less than $50 million by the end of 2017. Oil supply is seriously endangered. North Korean people have lived thorough much worse deprivation, particularly during the famine years from 1994 to 1998. Still - not caused any internal protests or revolt - internal security apparatus, political indoctrination, and tight media control. UBHODEEP

  5. Situation today. The per capita income of about $1,300 is not much lower than that of some South Asian nations -Movie theatres are open, -Taxis can be seen plying the streets, -Shelves in shops are reasonably well stocked. -The price of rice has remained nearly constant over the past five years -Corn, a cheaper staple, is sold under just 24 cents per kg The regime has also tacitly loosened its control on the marketplace, letting private production and sale of essential consumables to go on. UBHODEEP

  6. July 2017, it launched two intercontinental ballistic missiles, the first capable of reaching Alaska, and the second, the Hwasong 14, capable of reaching California. In November, it detonated its most powerful nuclear weapon - a 120 kiloton-boosted fission device. Dictator, trying to punch way above its weight by defying the United Nations and the U.S U.S. has already felt deterred from taking pre-emptive military action. UBHODEEP

  7. late 2017, these developments had brought the world closer to a potential nuclear exchange Not clear at that juncture whether the U.S. would attempt a strike on North Korea and how the latter would respond. Nor was it clear whether North Korea would up the ante further by firing its missiles closer to Guam or the U.S. mainland Initiatives by South Korean President Moon Jae-in. Today, Mr. Kim and Mr. Trump will sit across the table and start negotiations. UBHODEEP

  8. Mr. Kim had offered to negotiate this with the U.S. directly. But Mr. Trump had dismissed such offers, both during his campaign and during his Presidency, categorically insisting that he would not even consider negotiating with the "little rocket man" unless the latter first got rid of his nuclear assets. Such a precondition for talks was clearly not acceptable to North Korea. assassination of Libya's Muammar Qaddafi after he gave up his nuclear programme UBHODEEP

  9. South Korea's role 2018 saw some 'Olympics diplomacy Invited the country to participate in the Winter Olympics in South Korea in February message was conveyed to the U.S. that Mr. Kim had expressed his "eagerness to meet President Trump as soon as possible" Also, he is "committed to denuclearisation'", and that North Korea would "refrain" from any further nuclear or missile tests UBHODEEP

  10. Kim-Trump talks were announced without the usual groundwork and lower-level discussions Lack of coordination also led to some wrong signaling, with U.S. Vice President Mike Pence and National Security Adviser John Bolton referring to the 'Libyan model' for the talks. Mr. Trump to cancel the summit Again Mr. Moon stepped into the breach as an intermediary and the meeting has now been restored. Mr. Trump's credit, he has further softened his earlier demand for "the complete, verifiable, and irreversible denuclearisation of the Korean Peninsula" UBHODEEP

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