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15th June - The Hindu Editorial - Part-3(in Hindi)
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Subhodeep Das
VIT University graduate with Mechanical , Appeared in UPSC Mains with Geography Optional . 4+ yr. Teaching Experience

U
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Vinita Devi
a year ago
u r welcome .. please rate the course
the way u explain is awsm I really appreciate your work seriously hat's off to you sir
hat's off to u sir excellent explantation for editorials
  1. The changingnature of violence Decongesting our cities E Decongesting our cities It's time to modify regulation to accommodate app-based public transport services S. UBHODEEP


  2. Rapid growth in the number of motor vehicles, from a mere 5.4 million in 1981 to 210 million in 2015 led to severe traffic congestion and air pollution Adversely impacting the well-being of the people, The energy security of the country The economic efficiency of cities. UBHODEEP


  3. EDITORIAL DISCUSSION 15th June THE HINDU unacademy


  4. Ways to de-clog Policies to deal with these problems - aimed at improving our public transport systems - belief - enable people to shift from using personal vehicles Public transport uses less road space, consumes less fuel and emits less pollutants on a per passenger basis Investment large amounts in high quality metro systems in cities such as Delhi, Bengaluru, Mumbai, Chennai, Hyderabad, Kochi, Jaipur and Lucknow. Bus systems have also been augmented at a high cost. UBHODEEP


  5. Congestion is far from gone & Pollution is only getting worse People who can afford cars and motorbikes are unwilling to compromise on the convenience of door-to-door travel Public transport - hunt for seats in overcrowded buses or trains. Rescue shared mobility options and app-based ride providers become important. These new players have read the market well and offer the conveniences that commuters are looking for, from door-to- door services to on-demand availability. UBHODEEP


  6. ...allow commuters to travel independently or share the ride with other passengers to save costs. variety of vehicle types to suit individual trips and passenger preferences, ranging from two-wheelers and three-wheelers to cars of different sizes and mini-buses. Unfortunately, services like the app-based mini-buses do not find favour with regulators UBHODEEP


  7. Because, they are neither "stage carriages" nor "contract carriages" under the Motor Vehicles Act which makes it difficult for them to secure permits. Stage carriages are those that ply along fixed routes and stop at predetermined stations to pick up and drop passengers Contract carriages are vehicles that serve a single customer or a group of customers, to be picked and dropped between two designated places. Unlike these vehicle types, new app-based services are flexible, the kind personal motor vehicle users are looking for to shift to more sustainable modes of transport UBHODEEP


  8. Convenience as priority Common belief that app-based services wean people away from public transport, and not personal motor vehicles, and so should not be allowed. Metro rail users who shift to app-based services do so because last-mile connectivity to the metro is very poor & transfers between two lines are often cumbersome during peak times, metros can get crowded. These reasons that personal motor vehicle users did not shift to metro travel to the extent anticipated, and instead shifted to app-based services. UBHODEEP


  9. Need We must aim at leapfrogging with the help of these new services rather than shunning them for old models like 'stage' and 'contract' carriages Time then to modify regulation to accommodate app-based services, and hence ensure that they operate in a safe and equitable manner Also, to safeguard investments in public transport and to ensure that app-based services don't compete with them on price, a floor price could be set for these services "They hold the potential to ease our congestion and air quality challenges UBHODEEP


  10. New Asian constellation The SCO summit gave India fresh leads to engage with Central Asia, China and Pakistan S. UBHODEEP


  11. Sco eight heads were meeting at a time when the leaders of the G-7 were engaged in bitter Twitter feuds across the Atlantic. SCO - showcasing the "eastern" values of mutual respect and plurality Mr. Xi went out of his way to quote Confucius as the template of the "Shanghai spirit" Mr. Modi evoked Buddha and Rumi as precursors of an inclusive SCO ideology. UBHODEEP


  12. During the summit, China and Russia repeatedly highlighted that the SCO was a platform for narrowing India-Pakistan differences . Need - develop a sustainable working relationship with Pakistan that benefits both UBHODEEP


  13. Main Issue -Issue here is not about which "side" committed more atrocities. Issue is about people civilians mothers and fathers, sons and daughters, who have been killed, maimed and brutalised. It is about their rights as human beings. Useless to connect : armed ARSA to all Rohingya people. Indian government has refused to recognise them as asylum seekers and refugees. Instead the Rohingya have been labelled as "illegal immigrants" UBHODEEP


  14. Need: Better protection for survivors fleeing persecution in accordance with international human rights law. We should be calling for unfettered access to the northern Rakhine State for independent investigators UBHODEEP


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