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18th June - The Hindu Editorial - Part-1(in Hindi)
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Subhodeep Das
Dream of Achieving Big l YouTube & Facebook : UPSC360

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  2. There are no detours in history Parched or polluted: on India's water crisis for peace S. UBHODEEP

  3. Context According to the Composite Water Management Index developed by Niti Aayog, 70% of the water resources are identified as polluted. .based primarily on data supplied by States for calculating the index The system of ratings for States- based on "competitive and cooperative federalism". - Performance in augmenting water resources and watersheds, Investing in infrastructure, Providing rural and urban drinking water, and - Encouraging efficient agricultural use. UBHODEEP

  4. Data: States such as Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Punjab and Telangana have initiated reforms for judicious water use. while populous ones such as Uttar Pradesh and Bihar have failed to respond to the challenge Tamil Nadu, which has a middling score, does well on augmentation of water sources, but is abysmally poor in ensuring sustainable use for farming UBHODEEP

  5. Implications: If the water accessible to millions is contaminated, the problem is infinitely worse than that of availability Indian water crisis implications for the health of the entire population. UBHODEEP

  6. Need: Two areas - need urgent measures are Augmentation of watersheds that can store more good water, for use in agriculture. - To serve habitations, and strict pollution control enforcement Committee on Restructuring the Central Water Commission and the Central Ground Water Board - called for a user-centric approach to water management, especially in agriculture UBHODEEP

  7. Decentralisation of irrigation commands, offering higher financial flows to well-performing States through a National Irrigation Management Fund. Clearly, awarding an index rank should help advance such schemes, making States feel the need to be competitive. Yet, such approaches may not resolve - Cauvery issue has demonstrated, State governments would rather seek judicial intervention than be accused of bartering away the rights to a precious resource under a shared, cooperative framework. Steady urbanisation calls for a new management paradigm, augmenting sources of clean drinking water supply and treatment technologies that Will encourage reuse. S. UBHODEEP