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28th March- The Hindu Editorial - Part-2(in Hindi)
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Subhodeep Das
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  1. THEDU EDITORIAL DISCUSSION 28th March THE HINDU


  2. A blow against Article 370 ARTICLE 370 Presidential orders and the circumstances in which they were made have eroded J&K's special status. UBHODESP


  3. On March 1, 2019, the 77th and 103rd constitutional amendments were extended to Jammu and Kashmir (J&K) by a presidential order, with the concurrence of the J&K Governor. These relate to reservations in promotions for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes in the State services and special provisions for the advancement of economically weaker sections, respectively. However, on March 18, this was challenged before the J&K High Court. UBHODESP


  4. The constitutional relationship between J&K and the Indian Union has been the subject of numerous discussions in recent times This has rekindled the long-standing debate on the continued relevance of Article 370 As in Article 370, the provisions of the Indian Constitution do not automaticallyapplyto J&k. To extend constitutional provisions and amendments to the State, a presidential order to that effect has to be passed. This order requires the concurrence of the State government. UBHODESP


  5. Since 1957, many such orders, as well as the circumstances under which they were made, have considerably eroded J&K's special status under Article 370. Bypassing concurrence - not only from an elected State government but also the State Constituent Assembly Many order represents - level of dilution. made when J&K was under Governor's rule as per Section 92 of the J&K Constitution. In the absence of an elected council of ministers, the Governor could not have validly given the requisite concurrence to the presidential order. UBHODESP


  6. Even if the Governor acting without a popularly elected government can be considered as a "state government" for the purposes of concurrence, the Governor must at least have had some nexus with the State and some independence from the Centre. However, this is not the case in practice, since the Governor is not only an unelected nominee of the Central Government but also holds office during the latter's pleasure dilution brought about by the 2019 order is almost the final blow. The manner in which the 2019 order was made also goes against the spirit of federalism, which is a salient constitutional principle. UBHODESP


  7. "India has been the fastest growing aviation market over the last four years. India was seventh largest aviation market with 187 million passengers in FY 2017-18. It is expected to become the third largest by 2022. Along with telecom, the aviation sector has symbolised the successes of liberalisation with a visible impact in terms of the entry of a number of players and opening up of access to flying, besides ensuring pan-India coverage. India's air passenger traffic is expected to grow six-fold to 1.1 billion and the number of operational airports increase to around 200 in 2040, according to Ministry of Civil Aviation's vision document released UBHODESP


  8. Concerns: Turbulence in the domestic airline industry The Indian aviation sector is the fastest growing in the world with a growth rate of 20 per cent a year. But despite this 20 per cent growth, we have only 3-3.5 per cent of population flying, signifying great potential to grow further. Full service carrier, Jet Airways, has been forced to ground several of its aircraft due to its inability to pay rentals. Jet Airways is looking for working capital loans but banks want the airline to show a turnaround commitment. Market leader, Indigo, is facing shortage of pilots. The Kingfisher Airlines had collapsed because of its owner's profligacy UBHODESP


  9. Surging fuel prices and a weaker rupee are hurting Indian airlines. -For the national carrier, Air India, with a debt burden of Rs 55,000 crore, the government has provided interim support, a sovereign guarantee and loaned funds from the National Small Savings Fund, helping it to keep flying while keeping alive another state-owned entity, BSNL, in the telecom sector. It is ironic that the domestic aviation industry, expected to grow at 8.5% annually and register a six fold increase in the traffic flow over the next two decades, is facing an existential crisis. UBHODESP


  10. There is not much hope for the (airline) industry until the cost structure fundamentally changes. The fault lies in two things. One is that the cost of operation for Indian airlines is very high compared to its peers in other parts of the world. The second is that revenue is lower compared with counterparts across the globe. UBHODESP


  11. The End! UBHODESP