Sign up now
to enroll in courses, follow best educators, interact with the community and track your progress.
Download
29th March- The Hindu Editorial - Part-2 (in Hindi)
243 plays

More

Subhodeep Das
Dream of Achieving Big l YouTube & Facebook : UPSC360

U
Unacademy user
Always waits for your course Ma'am... Really really great...Galaxy of stars in rating...Keep making ma'am one request :- Kindly design a course on human rights as well if possible for basic knowledge with UN outputs ..thank you and kudos
MM
sir, please explain the news line by line...,so that we can understand each of the lines of it..
  1. THEDU EDITORIAL DISCUSSION 29th March THE HINDU


  2. The shape of an urban employment guarantee Such a programme will not only improve worker incomes but also have multiplier effects on the economy. UBHODESP


  3. India is in the midst of a massive jobs crisis. The unemployment rate has reached a 45-year high (6.1%) in 2017-18 as per leaked data from the Periodic Labour Force Survey (PLFS) report of the National Sample Survey Office (NSSO). According to the PLFS report, the unemployment problem is especially aggravated in India's cities and towns. lacking in predictability Aside from unemployment, low wages and precarity continue to be widespread. In urban India the majority of the population continues to work in the informal sector. So -cannot ignore - crisis of urban employment. UBHODESP


  4. Both State and Central governments tend to treat towns as "engines of growth" for the economy rather than spaces where thousands toil to make a living. work day and night Programmes such as the Swarna Jayanti Shahari Rozgar Yojana (1997) that included an urban wage employment component have made way for those focussed on skilling and entrepreneurship. India's small and medium towns are particularly ignored in the State's urban imagination. As per Census 2011, India has 4,041 cities and towns with an urban local body (ULB) in the form of a Municipal Corporation, Municipal Council or Nagar Panchayat. UBHODESP


  5. However, national-level urban programmes such as the Smart Cities Mission and the Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMRUT) only benefit a fraction of them. Most ULBs are struggling to carry out basic functions because of a lack of financial and human capacity. Further, with urbanisation, they are facing more challenges due to the degradation of urban ecological commons Hence, we need new ways to promote the sustainable development of India's small and medium towns. UBHODESP


  6. In the context of the present employment crises, it is worthwhile considering to introduce an employment guarantee programme in urban areas. Along with addressing the concerns of underemployment and unemployment, such a programme can bring in much-needed public investment in towns to improve the quality of urban infrastructure and services, restoring urban commons, skilling urban youth and increasing the capacity of ULBs. The idea of an urban employment programme is gaining traction irn political and policy debates UBHODESP


  7. According to multiple reports, it could be a key agenda of a possible Common Minimum Programme of the Opposition parties for the 2019 general election In Madhya Pradesh, the new State government has launched the "Yuva Swabhiman Yojana" which provides employment for both skilled and unskilled workers among urban youth. Such a programme would give urban residents a statutory right to work and thereby ensure the right to life guaranteed under Article 21 of the Constitution. UBHODESP


  8. State's- avoid migration to big cities, such a programme can cover all ULBs with a population less than 1 million Should have a wider scope than the the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA); this would provide employment for a variety of works for people with a range of skills and education levels. Urban informal workers with limited formal education would benefit from this programme. UBHODESP


  9. Another novel aspect is the creation of a skilling and apprenticeship programme for unemployed youth with higher education who can sign up for a contiguous period of 150 days (five months), at 13,000 a month for five months to assist with administrative functions in municipal offices, government schools, or public health centres, and for the monitoring, measurement, or evaluation of environmental parameters. We estimate that such a progra m me will cost between 1.7-2.7% of GDP per year depending on design, and can provide work opportunities to around 30-50 million workers UBHODESP


  10. Finally, strong transparency and accountability structures proactive disclosure of information based on Section 4 of the RTI Act, proactive measures through mandatory periodic social audits, public hearing and reactive measures through a "Right to Timely Grievance Redressal" for workers. It not only improves incomes of workers but also has multiplier effects on the economy. UBHODESP