Sign up now
to enroll in courses, follow best educators, interact with the community and track your progress.
18th March- The Hindu Editorial - Part-3 (in Hindi)
268 plays


Subhodeep Das
Dream of Achieving Big l YouTube & Facebook : UPSC360

Unacademy user
heloo mam. i have a doubt .please clear my doubts my friends if u know. In the last question ,is there subject verb aggrement error since eggas and milk together = plural .so have should come .am i right

  2. The urban question: reimagining ouir cities A charter designed by civil society organisations, workers' collectives, and the urban poor reimagines our cities UBHODESP

  3. While agrarian distress has slipped into the pre-election discourse as an important political subject, it is imperative to ask why the urban question is no less political. India's cities are grappling with acute urban livelihood issues relating to jobs, housing, migration, living conditions, mobility, sanitation, climate change and sustainability. A group of civil society organisations, workers' collectives, and over two lakh urban poor across India have been deliberating on a citizens' charter of demands for inclusive and just urban development - words that most governments have only been paying lip service to. UBHODESP

  4. The charter, which enjoys endorsements of "just and liveable cities for all" as an alternative to "smart cities". adopt techno-centric models of urbanisation facilitated by unelected entities, such as special purpose vehicles that are dependent on private investments. This often results in the participative planningprocess of urban local bodies (ULBs) being bypassed. The charter pushes for autonomy of the ULBs, capacitating them with funds for proper staffing, regularisation of municipality workers, and entrusting them with decentralised decision-making powers. UBHODESP

  5. It is appalling that despite occupying only about 5% of urban land, slum dwellers in cities are labelled as encroachers. These people, who constitute 30% of the population in cities, often live in subhuman conditions without basic services The charter looks at housing as a fundamental right and proposes to confer land titles on slum dwellers, It proposes a zero-eviction policy, in situ slum upgradation programmes that focus not on the number of houses built but also on ownership rights and service provision. The majority of these residents constitute urban 'informal' workers (about 20 crore people) who have migrated due to rural distress etc. UBHODESP

  6. The charter advocates universal minimum social security (as a portable scheme for the benefit of migrant workers), which includes healthcare, maternity, insurance,pension benefits, and fixing universal minimum wages It welcomes the proposal for a National Urban Employment Scheme, recognising the right to work It also emphasises the need for gender-friendly cities and infrastructure And given that cities contribute more than 60% to India's GDP it advocates that a minimum of 5% of this GDP be used for the development of urban areas, up from the current 1%, through Central schemes. UBHODESP

  7. We must reimagine our cities by rejecting inequalities, unjust designs, and unsustainabl e growth UBHODES

  8. The End! UBHODESP