UPSC CSE 2018 PRELIMS GS Part - 17 Q91 to Q95 AS EXAM Indian Administrative Services BY: AAKRIT
91. Which of the following is/are the aim/aims of "Digital India" Plan of the Government of India? 1. Formation of India's own Internet companies like China did 2. Establish a policy framework to encourage overseas multinational corporations that collect Big Data to build their large data centres within our national geographical boundaries 3 Connect many of our villages to the Internet and bring Wi- Fi to many of our school, public places and major tourist Select the correct answer using the code given below (a) 1 and 2 only (b) 3 only (c) 2 and 3 only (d) 1, 2 and 3
Answer.tb Explanation:Digital India is a campaign launched by the Government of India to ensure the Government services are made available to citizens electronically by improved online infrastructure and by increasing Internet connectivity or by making the country digitally empowered in the field of technology. It consists of three core components, (a) development of secure and stable digital infrastructure, (b) delivering government services digitally, and (c) universal digital literacy.
Objectives of the Digital India 1. Digital infrastructure: high speed internet facility., mobile phone and bank account, access to common service centre, internet identity, sharable private space on a public cloud and safe and secure cyberspace 2. Governance and services on demand will be available in real time for online and mobile platforms, seamlessly integrated across departments and jurisdictions. All citizen documents to be made available on the cloud platform so that physical document presentation can be minimized. Cashless electronic transactions and Geographical Information Systems (GIS) will be integrated with the scheme. 3. Empower citizens, especially rural citizens,by providing digital literacy.
92. Consider the following pairs: Town sometime mentioned in news 1.Aleppo 2.Kirkuk 3.Mosul 4.Mazar-i-Sharif Which of the pairs given above are correctly matched? (a) 1 and 2 (b) 1 and 4 (c) 2 and 3 (d) 3 and 4 Country -Syria -Yemen Palestine - Afghanistan
Answer.b Explanation:Aleppo is a city in Syria, serving as the capital of the Aleppo Governorate, the most populous Syrian governorate. Kirkuk is a city in Iraq, serving as the capital of the Kirkuk Governorate, located 238 kilometres north of Baghdad. Mosul is a major city in northern Iraq situated on the west bank of theTigris, opposite the ancient Assyrian city of Nineveh on the east bank. Mazar-e Sharif, cityis in Afghanistan, 35 miles south of the border with Uzbekistan.
93. In the federation established by The Government on India Act of 1935. Residuary Power were given to the (a) Federal Legislature (b) Governor General (c) Provincial Legislature (d) Provincial Governors
Answer.b Explanation: Under 1935 Act, the Governor General was authorized to act in his discretion and under certain other provisions, he could exercise his individual judgment. He was vested with the final political authority in the country; and was given widest discretionary powers and special responsibilities These functions and powers were defined by the Act as his special responsibilities.
In Government of India Act 1935 the discretionary powers and responsibilities of Governor General are as follows: 1. Under Govt. Act of India 1935, he was incharge of the Reserve Departments of Defence, Foreign Affairs, Ecclesiastical Affairs and Tribal Areas and he appoint three councillors to assist him in his work. 2. He could appoint and dismiss the Council of Ministers and also could preside over their meetings. They would hold office during his pleasure. Their consultation and advice was not binding upon him. 3. He could issue two kinds of ordinances. One type of ordinance he could issue at any time and that lasted for 6 months. The other kind of ordinance would be issued when the legislature was not in session. 4. The Governor General was also given the power to issue what were known as GovernorGeneral Act. But these had to be forwarded tothe Secretary of State.
5. The previous of Governor General was required for the introduction of certain bills in the Federal Legislature and the Provincial Legislatures: He was authorized to stop discussion on any bill at any time by the legislature. He could withhold his assent to a bill passed by the Legislature or send the same back for the consideration of His Majesty. 6. He was given control over 80% of the Federal budget, the non-vote able items of the budget formed a major part of the budget. 7. The Governor General could in his discretion send any instructions to the Governors and it was the special responsibility of the later to carry them out. 8. Governor General could suspend the Constitution. 9. In Government of India Act 1935 Governor General was given the authority to summon, prorogue and dissolve the Federal Assembly lie could summon both the houses for joint sitting. He could address the Legislatures and could send messages regarding certain bills.
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