UPSC CSE 2018 PRELIMS GS Part 6 Q36 to Q40 LAS EXAM Indian Adminstrative ServicesBY: AAKRITI
36. After the Santhal Uprising subsided, what was/were the measure/measures taken by the colonial government? 1. The territories called Santhal Paraganas' were created. 2. It became illegal for a Santhal to transfer land to a non- Santha Select the correct answer using the code given below: (a) 1 only (b) 2 only (c) Both 1 and 2 (d) Neither 1 nor 2
. Answer.c Explanation: In 1855-56 the Santhal Revolt took place. Santhals are a group of tribals concentrated in the state of Jharkhand This was the first peasant movement which took place in India. The revolt has reference to the establishment of the permanent land settlement of 1793 . Santhal rebellion was led by 4 Murmu brothers named Sindhu, Kanhu , Chand and Bhairav against the oppressive zamindari system
The Santhals showed exemplary courage in fighting against the British, despite being beaten and harassed . The British knew it well that if they want to rule in the area they have to agree to the main demands of the Santhals and accord them the dignity due to them . Therefore, the District of Santhal Pargana was created in 1885 after the partition of Bhagalpur and Birbhum.
37. Economically, one of the results of the British rule in India in the 19th century was the (a) increase in the export of Indian handicrafts (b) growth in the number of Indian owned factories (c) commercialization of Indian agriculture (d) rapid increase in the urban population
. Answer.c Explanation: The British manufacturers looked upon the East India Company, its monopoly of eastern trade, and its methods of exploitation of India through control of India's revenues and export trade, to be the chief obstacles in the fulfilment of their dreams. * Between 1793 and 1813, they launched a powerful campaign against the Company and its commercial privileges and finally succeeded in 1813 in abolishing its monopoly of Indian trade.
. With this event, a new phase in Britain's economic relations with India began. Agricultural India was to be made an economic colony of industrial England. The Government of India now followed a policy of free trade or unrestricted entry of British goods. Therefore we can say that when the industrial revolution in England gained pace commercialization of Indian agriculture started.
38. If the President of India exercises his power as provided under Article 356 of the Constitution in respect of a particular State, then (a) the Assembly of the State is automatically dissolved. (b) the powers of the Legislature of that State shall be exercisable by or under the authority of the Parliament. (c) Article 19 is suspended in that State. (d) the President can make laws relating to that State.
Answer.b . Explanation:Emergency Provisions are included in part XVII from articles 352 to 360 in the Constitution for dealing with extraordinary situations that may threaten the peace, security, stability and governance of the country or a part thereof. According to the Constitution it is the duty of the Union Government to ensure that governance of a State is carried on in accordance with the provisions of the Constitution.
Under Article 356, the President may issue a proclamation to impose emergency in a state if he i:s satisfied on receipt of a report from the Governor of the concerned State, or otherwise, that a situation has arisen under which the administration of the State cannot be carried on according to the provisions of the constitution. In such a situation, proclamation of emergency by the President is on account of the failure (or breakdown) of constitutional machinery. . Thus it is known as "President's Rule" or "State Emergency" or "Constitutional Emergency".
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