UPSC CSE 2018 PRELIMS GS Part 4 Q26 to Q30 LAS EXAM Indian Administrative ServicesBY: AAKRITI
26. He wrote biographies of Mazzini, Garibaldi, Shivaji and Shrikrishna; stayed in America for some time; and was also elected to the Central Assembly. He was (a) Aurobindo Ghosh (b) Bipin Chandra Pal (c) Lala Lajpat Rai (d) Motilal Nehru
Answer.c Explanation: Lala Lajpat Rai was the most prolific writer among his contemporary nationalist leaders of India. Hi:s literary activity started when he was stil in his teens and he continued to write almost to the last day of his life. To rouse the Punjabis from slumber and inspire them with patriotic zeal, he wrote the biographies of Mazzini, Garibaldi, Shivaji, Dayanand and Shri Krishna, besides other important works in English, Hindi and Urdu. .He visited USA and Japan where he kept in touch with the Indian revolutionaries. In England, he also became a member of the British Labour party. In recognition of his outstanding role in the freedom movement, he was elected President of the Indian National Congress at the Calcutta session (1920).
27. Consider the following statements: 1. Aadhaar card can be used as a proof of citizenship or domicile. 2. Once issued, Aadhaar number cannot be deactivated or omitted by the Issuing Authority. Which of the statements given above is/are correct? (a) 1 only (b) 2 only (c) Both 1 and 2 (d) Neither 1 nor 2
Answer.d Explanation: Aadhar Card is a 12-digit unique number issued by the Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI) by taking a person's biometric details such as iris scan and fingerprints, and demographic information like date of birth and address. The Aadhaar Act regulations, which are currently in Parliament, state that an individual's Aadhaar number may be "omitted" permanently or deactivated temporarily by the Unique Identification Authority of India, the agency responsible for issuing the numbers and managing the database.
The regulations give the Authority the power to deactivate Aadhaar numbers even in the absence of an effective grievance redressal procedure for those whose numbers have been suspended Calcutta High Court on 26th Dec 2016 ruled that Aadhaar Card is not a proof of citizenship and stated that "Aadhaar Card by itself shall not confer any right of or be proof of citizenship or domicile in respect of the holder thereto" while rejecting a claim of citizenship of the accused who was issued the card in view of his long residence in the country.
28. Which of the following has/have shrunk immensely/dried up in the recent past due to human activities? 1. Aral Sea 2. Black Sea 3. Lake Baikal Select the correct answer using the code given below: (a) 1 only (b) 2 and 3 (c) 2 only (d) 1 and 3
Answer.d Explanation: A growing list of human and environmental pressures threaten the world's largest lakes, inhibiting their ability to supply water, drive economic activity, preserve biodiversity, and sustain communities. The Aral Sea, once the fourth largest lake in the world, has been shrinking steadily since the 1960s. Lake Baikal, the biggest and oldest lake in the world, is home to approximately 2,500 species of plants and animals. It is drying up as the lake's water levels continue to drop, according to the local natural resources ministry
29. "Rule of Law Index" is released by which of the following? (a) Amnesty International (b) International Court of Justice (c) The Office of UN Commissioner for Human Rights (d) World Justice Project
. Answer.d Explanation:The World Justice Project (WJP) is an American independent, multi disciplinary organization with the stated mission of "working to advance the rule of law around the world" . It works through three programs - Research and Scholarship, the WJP Rule of Law Index, and Engagement. WJP seeks to increase public awareness about the foundational importance of the rule of law, stimulate government reforms, and develop practical programs at the community level.
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