UPSC CSE 2018 PRELIMS GS Part - 14 Q76 to Q80 AS97 to 080 an Adminisraive Sevies BY: AAKRITI
76. Consider the following events: 1. The first democratically elected communist party government formed in a State in India. 2. India's then largest bank, 'Imperial Bank of India', was renamed 'State Bank of India' 3. Air India was nationalised and became the national carrier. 4. Goa became a part of independent India. Which of the following is the correct chronological sequence of the above events? (a) 4-1-2-3 (b) 3-2-1-4 (c) 4-2-1-3 (d) 3 -1 -2-4
Answer.b Explanation: 1.In 1946, Tata Airlines became a public company and was renamed Air India. 2.The Imperial Bank of India (IBI) was the oldest and the largest commercial bank of the Indian subcontinent, and was subsequently transformed into State Bank of India in 1955.The Imperial Bank of India came into existence on 27 January 1921 by J.M Keynes. When the three Presidency Banks of colonial India, were reorganised andamalgamated to form a single banking entity.
3.The Kerala Legislative Assembly election of 1957 was the first assembly election in the Indian state of Kerala. The Communist Party of India won the election with 60 seats. The election led to the formation of first democratically elected communist government in India and second in the world after San Marino. 4.The Portuguese control of its Indian colonies ended only when India invaded Goa in 1961 and incorporated the territories into the Indian Union.
77. Right to Privacy is protected as an intrinsic part of Right to Life and Personal Liberty. Which of the following in the Constitution of India correctly and appropriately imply the above statement? (a) Article 14 and the provisions under the 42nd Amendment to the Constitution (b) Article 17 and the Directive Principles of State Policy in Part IV (c) Article 21 and the freedoms guaranteed in Part. III (d) Article 24 and the provisions under the 44th Amendment to the Constitution
Answer.c Explanation:Article 21 guarantees the Right to life and personal liberty under Part IIl of the Constitution. .The historic fallout of the nine-judge Bench judgment, declaring privacy as intrinsic to life and liberty and an inherent right protected by Part III of the Constitution, is that an ordinary man can now directly approach the Supreme Court and the High Courts for violation of his fundamental right under the Constitution. By making privacy an intrinsic part of life and liberty under Article 21, it is not just a citizen, but anyone, whether an Indian national or not,can move the constitutional courts of the land under Articles 32 and 226, respectively, to get justice.
78. Consider the following: 1. Areca nut 2. Barley 3. Coffee 4. Finger millet 5. Groundnut 6. Sesamum 7. Turmeric 'The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affair, has announced the Minimum Support Price for which of the above? (a) 1, 2, 3 and 7 only (b) 2, 4, 5 and 6 only (c) 1, 3, 4, 5 and 6 only (d) 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 and 7
Answer.b MSP is a form of agricultural market intervention undertaken by the Union Government in order to insure agricultural producers against any sharp fall in farmer price. The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs announces MSP for 26 crops, CCEA does not announce MSP for arecanut and coffee.
79. In which one of the following States is Pakhui Wildlife Sanctuary located? (a) Arunachal Pradesh (b) Manipur (c) Meghalaya (d) Nagaland
Answer.a Explanation:Pakhui Wildlife Sanctuary (862 km2, 92 36 93 09'E and 26 54 27 16'N) lies in the foothills of the Eastern Himalaya in the East Kameng District of Arunachal Pradesh. It was declared a sanctuary in 1977, and was earlier part of the Khellong Forest Division. It has been recently declared a tiger reserve in 2002 based on a proposal in 1999
Answer.a Explanation:Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV) is the first Indian launch vehicle to be equipped with liquid stages. PSLV is designed mainly to deliver the "earth- observation" or "remote-sensing" .The remote sensing satellites orbit the earth from pole-to-pole (at about 98 deg orbital-plane inclination) GSLV's primary payloads are INSAT class of communication satellites GSLV-Mk III is a three-stage vehicle with two solid motor strap-ons (S200), a liquid propellant core stage (L110) and a cryogenic stage (C25).GSLV-Mk IlI is capable launching 4 ton class of satellites to Geosynchronous Transfer orbit (GTO)
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