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Complete Analysis of NCERTs on History Class 6th to gth
Class 6th Chapter 8: Ashoka, The Emperor who gave up War
A very big kingdom- an Empire The Mauryan empire was founded by Chandragupta Maurya in 320 BCE, under the aegis ofChanakya (also known as Kautilya and the author of Arthashastra, India's greatest book on public administration) .Chandragupta defeated the Nanda king Dhanananda and then unified the Indian sub- continent into a single empire. MAURYA DYNASTY 265 BCE KAPILVASTU Mathurag Petala PATLIPUTRA Barobar Caves Bodh Gay VANGA Ujiain MAGADHA N DI A Tamraliptig BHOJAKAS .He was succeeded by his son Bindusara, and after Bindusara came one of the greatest kings to rule India, Ashoka the Great. BAY O F BENGAL PITINKAS Kopasi ARABIAN SEA Mauryan Dynasty PULINDAS SATHYA PUTRA O Captal of Maghadha Majpr Ctes Budhist Stes Curment Country ANDHRA States KERALAPUT
Smaller towns and villages were populated by farmers, traders, and herdsmen, and in MAURYA DYNASTY 265 BCE GANDHARA Taxila the forest regions, tribes lived on hunting and gathering SINDHU NDUS) People across the empire spoke different languages, wore different clothes, and ate different kinds of food KAPILV Pahala Mathura Samata Barabar Cavertn Bodh Gayp ANGA PATLIPUTRA Ujjain MAGADHA I N D IA Tamialipti There were many cities in his empire, including the capital Pataliputra (modern- day Patna), Ujjain, Taxila, Kandahar, etc. Taxila was on the north-western border of the empire, while Ujjain was ap BHOJAKAS Toshali BA Y O F BENGA L PITINKAS Kopasi KA ARABIAN ANDHRA SEA Mauryan Dynasty the gateway from the south to the north. These were highly developed cities, Captal of Maghadha Major Cities SATHYA PUTRA and merchants and government Budhistsees Current Country officials lived there. ANDHRA States KERALAPUT radhapura
Ruling the Empire axila SINDHU INDUS) alitapatna Mathura Pitala Sam ti , ATLIPUTRA UJA NL/ / Barabar CavesABodh Gaya,VANGA Uijain MAGADHA Tamraliptig Namadel NDI A BHOJAKAS Tos hali BAY PITINKAS Kopasi The area around Pataliputra was directly under the rule of the emperor, and officials were appointed to collect taxes from merchants, farmers, and herdsmen in the towns and villages Officials were paid salaries and their job was to see to it that the laws of the state are followed. Messengers and spies always kept a watch on those officials, and everyone was ultimately under the watchful eye of the emperor
.Other major cities were called provinces, and they were administered by governors who were mostly members of the royal family MAURYA DYNAST 265 BCE Taola Mauryans also controlled the trade routes between all these cities, and taxes and tributes were collected regularly KAPIL Pitala. Mathurag According to the Arthashastra, the north west was famous for blankets, and the south for gold and gems. These resources might also have been collected as tributes. PATLIPUTRA VANGA Barabar CaverBodh Gaya MAGADHA JAINI Ujain N DIATamaipele Toshal BAY O F BENGAL PITINKAS Kopasi KAL ARABIAN SEA .Although forests were more or less independent, they had to pay tributes in the form of elephants, honey, timber, and wax. Mauryan Dynasty PULINDAS SATHYA PUTRA O Captal of Maghadha Major Cties ABudhiat Stes Current Country CHOLA KERALAPUT
Ashoka's war in Kalinga Ashoka declared war against Kalinga (modern-day coastal Orissa). But the aftermath was so horrifying that Ashoka decided to give up fighting. Kaling Bombay tdan Ashoka tried to spread his message among his people through inscriptions written in Prakrit, using the Brahmi script. .He is the only king who gave up conquest after winning a war.
Ashoka's dhamma (way of life) did not involve any worship to god or sacrifices, and he thought that his duty towards his subjects was like that of a father towards his son. There were many challenges in his empire, such as people followed different religions, animals were sacrificed, slaves and servants were ill-treated, there were quarrels between families and neighbours, and Ashoka worked hard to manage them He appointed officials called Dhamma Mahamatta who travelled and spread Ashoka's dhamma, and sent messengers to different countries such as Egypt, Sri Lanka, Syria, and Greece to spread his dhamma. Ashoka also got his message inscribed on rocks and pillars, out of which his 13 rock edicts are the most famous.
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