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Complete Analysis of NCERTs on History Class 6th to gth
Class 6th Chapter 11: New Empire and Kingdoms
Prashasti and what they tell us HINDU K I I Gupta Empire HINDU KUSH Magadha Capital city Tributaries &Vassal Samudragupta was a legendary king of the Gupta dynasty, and we know about him from the inscriptions on the Ashokan pillar in Allahabad. LAYAS .Ayodhya Mathura. Thar Desert Prayaga Pataliputra Deccan Plateau The inscription was composed in Sanskrit by his court poet Harisena in 300 AD. ari Rivet .Inscriptions that praise kings and tell us about their lives are known as prashastis (Sanskrit word meaning 'in praise of) 500 miles meters OCEAN Sri La (Ceylo .A prashasti was also composed for the Satvahana king Gautamiputra Satkarni
Samundragupta's Prashasti a praised Samudragupta as a poet, a greatwarrior, an erudite scholar, and aphilanthropist; he is also often mentioned as being equal to gods. In the pras hasti, Harisena has described four kinds of rulers and Samudragupta's policies towards them 1. Nine Aryavrata rulers who were Gupta Empire I-Magadha DU KUSH HINDU Capital city = Tributaries & Vassal AYA S MathuraAyodhya Desert Prayaga Pataliputr defeated, their empires destroyed, and their lands included in Samudragupta's empire. Decean Plateau 2. Twelve rulers in the Dakshinpatta who were defeated and then allowed to rule as vassals. I1 Bay of Bengal 500 miles 3. Rulers of Assam, coastal Bengal, Nepal and and a few gana sanghas who were forced to pay tribute, follow orders and attend Samudragupta's court. OCEAN 4. The descendants of the Kushanas, the Shakas, and the rulers of Sri Lanka surrendered and made marital alliances with the Guptas
A prashasti also mentions genealogies of emperors, and in this case the ancestors of Samudragupta have been mentioned in his prashasti by Harisena. .It tells us about his mother Kumara Devi who was a Lichchhavi princess and his fatherChandragupta l. His father was the first king to adopt the title of Maharaj- adhiraja and this title was used by him too. His grandfather and great grandfather are known as Maharajas, which shows that his family gradually rose to power Samudragupta is also mentioned in the prashastis of his successors, such as those of his son Chandragupta II Vikramaditya, who is himself known through his inscriptions and coins. .Chandragupta II Vikramaditya's court was full of learned people such as the poet Kalidasa and the astronomer and mathematician Aryabhatta. Vikramaditya led an expedition westward and defeated the last family of the Shakas.
Kalidasa's plays show life in an emperor's court where the royalty and the brahmins used Sanskrit while the common people used Prakrit His most famous story is the Abhijnana Shakuntalam, a love story of King Dushyanta andShakuntala. The Chinese pilgrim Fa Xian has written about the difficult lives of the untouchables' in the society
Harshvardhan and the Harshacharita HARSHAVARDHANA EMPIRE 606 CE-647 CE .The year 600 CE saw the rise of emperor Harshavardhana whose biogra phy the Harshacharitawas written in Sanskrit by his courtesan Banbhatta. .His genealogy, the story of his life, and the accounts of the Chinese traveller Xuan Zang are mentioned in the Harshacharita. Harsha became the king of Thanesar after his father and elder brother died. His brother-in- law was the ruler of Kanauj and was killed by the ruler of Bengal. Harsha took over Kanauj and then avenged his brother-in-law's death by taking over Bengal. He conquered both Magadha and Bengal, but his expedition in the Deccan was stopped by the Chalukyan Emperor Pulakesin II INDHU STHANVISVARA KANNA Patliputra MAGAD Bodh Gaya eUjain VALABH KAS Arabian Sea SathyaPurrae Cauve Curre Bour CHoL Copyright o20 Update IN DIAN OCEAN
The Pallavas, Chalukyas and Pulakeshin'sprashasti .The Pallavas and the Chalukyas were the two major powers ruling south India at that time The Pallavas had their capital at Kanchipuram, in the Kaveri delta, and the Chalukyas werecentred around the Raichur Doab between the Krishna and the Tungabhadra rivers CHALUKYAS DYNASTY NDUS Mathura .The Chalukyas had their capital at Aihole, which was a prosperous and religious trading centre with many splendid temples VANGA ToshallBAY Kopas .The Chalukyas and the Pallavas were constantly at war with each other, and they looted each other's capital cities because of their vast wealth. O F BENGAL Vatap ARABIAN SEA Chakayas Dynasty Major Cites urrent County PULINDAS SATHYA PUTRA Boundaries .The most famous Chalukyan ruler was Pulakesin II, who is described in his prashasti composed by his courtesan Ravikirti CHOLA Copyright 2012 www INDTANOCE AN (Updated on 23nd February 2012
HARSHAVARDHANA EMPIRE 606 CE-647 KAPISHA Taxila His prashasti tells us about his genealogy and that he inherited the kingdom from his uncle. He led expeditions in the east and the west, and also stopped the advance of Harsha vardhana from the north. He also attacked the Pallava king who was behind the walls of Kanchipura m. HUNAS SINDHU INDUS) STHANVISVARA Pa KANNA ura GURJAR Patliputra e MAGAD UJAINI Bodh Gaya Ujain Tamraliptia BHOJARAs PITINKAS Arablan Sea Bay of Bengal varnagiri Sathya Putra But the glory of these two HARSHA EMPIRE Current Country kingdoms was short-lived, and they gave way to two even greater empires, the Rashtrakutas and CHOL Map not to Scale INDIAN OCEAN Updated on 18th April 2012)
How were these kingdoms administered? .Land revenue was an important source of income for the kings, and a village was the basic unit of administration Government posts were hereditary. For example, Harisena was a maha-danda-nayaka, or Chief Judicial Officer, just like his father was. Many a time, one person held many posts. For example, the poet Harisena was also a kumar-amatya (an important minister) and a sangha-vigrahika (Minister of War and Peace) Important men such as the sreshti (Chief Banker or Merchant), the sarthavaha (Leader of Merchant Caravans), prathama-kulika (Chief Craftsman), and the head of the kayashthas (scribes) had a say in the important matters of the state.
.The Pallava inscriptions mention assemblies known as sabhas consisting of brahmin land owners. These assemblies functioned through sub- committees that looked after irrigation, agriculture, roads and temples. An Ur was a village assembly in those villages where land owners were not brahmins. .A nagaram was an organisation of merchants.
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