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Complete Analysis of NCERTs on History Class 6th to gth
Class 6th Chapter 4: In the Earliest Cities
Many different things, such as tools, weapons, ornaments, and vessels, were made from stone, shells, and metals (mostly copper, bronze, gold, and silver). Seals for official documents were made from stone, and pots from clay. .Spindle whorls (made of terracotta and faience) were used to spin fibres into thread. Things were made by specialists, people who were trained to do only one kind of work.
.Raw materials to make things came from either natural or human-made resources. Some of those were brought in from distant places, such as copper from present-day Rajasthan and Oman, .tin from present-day Afghanistan and Iran, gold from present-day Karnataka, and precious stones from present-day Gujarat, Iran, and Afghanistan. uManda Rehman Dheri (Helmarnid) Harappa Ropar Banawali Kallbangan N usharo Chaidgar-Hakra R. Rakhigarhl Mitathal Ganweriwala Kull Cuture Jodhpur Mohenjo-Daro Gha shah, Kot Dup Thar Desert Cuture ..Cha nhu-Daro Sutkagen-Dor BalakotAmri Ahar-Banas Allahdino Mesopatamia Dhol vira Rann of Kutch . Cultur Meluhha Lothal untasi Dilmun Magan
Food for people in the cities Farmers lived on the outskirts of cities, and their only occupation was agriculture. They supplied food to all rulers, scribes and craftspeople. Harapans mostly grew wheat, barley, pulses, peas, rice, sesame, linseed, and mustard. In those times, the plough was a new device invented to till the soil and sow the seeds. Water was stored and used for irrigation in times of scarcity. People also reared cattle such as sheep, goat, and buffalo, gathered fruits like berries, and caught fish, antelopes, etc.
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