Abhishek Srivastava is teaching live on Unacademy Plus
EDITORIAL ANALYSIS FROM HINDU 7th DECEMBER 2017 https://unacade Editorial analysis Crash course on Polity Crash Course on Modern History Crash Course on Ancient History Crash Course on Medieval History . Ncert Class VI History Summary . Delhi Sultanate *Essay writing Abhishek Srivastava
Let us be realistic about the UNSC If a permanent Security Council seat is unavailable, India must not spurn other proposals on the table .Our recent victory in the election to the International Court . It would be prudent, however, not to interpret this in a way of Justice seems to have lifted our spirits as a nation. as to raise hopes of a permanent seat in the Security Council. The UNSC election . The two most prestigious organs of the United Nations are the Security Council 15 member states the International Court of Justice 15 Judges Election to the UNSC is conducted only in the General Assembly and requires two-thirds majority to get elected. Election to the ICJ is held concurrently in the UNGA and UNSC and requires absolute majority of the total membership in each organ.
Of the two, the UNSC is by far more important from the national interest point of view. - It deals with questions of peace and security as well as terrorism and has developed . a tendency to widen its ambit into other fields, including human rights and eventually environment. -In addition to the Kashmir issue, there are other matters in which India would be interested such as the list of terrorists Hafeez Saeed for example Since it is in permanent session, we have to try to be its member as often as possible. . The ICJ is required to represent the principal civilisations and legal systems of the world and also expected to act impartially - To have an Indian judge at the ICJ, when we have an active case on its agenda regarding our national in illegal custody of Pakistan might be of some advantage. . There are other bodies in the UN that are not as well known but are important enough to be represented on like the ACABQ (Advisory Committee on Administrative and Budgetary Questions) and the Committee on Contributions.
ACABQ 16 members elected by the UNGA on the recommendation of the Fifth Committee of the UNGA dealing with the budget of the UN. The Commite on C assesmenis to the budget and the share of - recommends the scale of assessments to the budget and the share of each member. This is a very important function, since the share decided by the UNGA applies to all the specialised agencies, etc. Even a 0.1 % change can make a difference of hundreds of thousands of dollars. We have had distinguished persons serving on both these committees, such as G. Parthasarathy, S.K Singh, - our current permanent representative, ambassador Syed Akbaruddin. There is also the Human Rights Council; we have had almost continuous representation on it. The U.S. lost the election to it a few years ago; there is widespread resentment against the P-5's presumption to a permanent seat on all bodies.
The veto questiorn Primarily at our initiative, the question of Security Council reform, euphemism for expansion, has been under consideration since 1970s There is near unanimous support for increasing the number of non-permanent seats The controversial question is about the increase in the category of permanent seats .The rationale for expansion has been accepted in-principle by nearly all, but the . India, along with Brazil, Germany and Japan, has proposed an increase of six . Then there is the question of the rights of the additional members. difficulty arises when the actual numbers and their rights are discussed. additional permanent seats, the other two being for Africa The G-4's initial position was for the same rights as the present permanent members, essentially the veto right. Over the years, they have become more realistic and would be willing to forego the veto right. . The firm position of the Africans is that the new members must have the same rights as the existing ones. This is a non-starter.
The larger picture The P-5 will never agree to give up their veto right, nor will they agree to accord this right to any other country . The P-5 are not willing to dilute their self-acquired right. .Many member-states have been pledging support for our aspiration for permanent membership it would come in useful if the question ever comes up for a vote in the UNGA. . The principal P-5 member opposing us is China. - It has to be underscored that there is no way that India alone, by itself, can be elected as permanent member. . So, we should be realistic. . If a permanent seat is not available, there are other proposals on the table. creation of 'semi-permanent' seats, according to which members would be elected for six-eight years and would be eligible for immediate re-election. -Given India's growing prestige and respect, it should not be difficult for us to successfully bid for one of these seats; it might be a better alternative than to unrealistically hope for a permanent seat.
Island hopping The Maldives' FTA with China signals a drift in Delhi-Male ties The announcement of a free trade agreement between the Maldives and China is another sign of Beijing's success in its outreach in South Asia. Earlier: maritime linkages across the Indian Ocean -naval exercises and port projects. - the enhancement of regional connectivity through CHINA LOAN the Belt and Road Initiative, . China seems to be ready to ramp up business ties Made in "China-Maldives" Free Trade Agreement across South Asia . China already has an FTA with Pakistan, And now exploring or negotiating FTAs with Bangladesh, Sri Lanka and Nepal.
Apart from the actual FTA, the rapid growth in China-Maldives ties has not been hidden from anyone. -massive infrastructure projects, including the development of Hulhule island and the "Friendship" bridge connecting it to Male. - investments of $1 billion, Chinese companies are also exploring tourism prospects in the Maldives, leases to resort islands, and reclamation projects cainee c ale arosects In the leases . There are reasons for India to worry The Yameen government also said this week that it is not satisfied with the working of the FTA with India That statement, made by the Fisheries Minister at a press conference in Colombo, is likely to be discussed in detail between New Delhi and Male. the manner in which the FTA was rushed through Parliament in a matter of minutes at midnight, with opposition members complaining they had not received enough notice, suggests a haste that would naturally worry India.
One reason for Mr. Yameen keeping India out of the loop on the FTA talks may be New Delhi's new policy of engaging with the Maldivian opposition, especially former President Mohammad Nasheed. The biggest worry for India is that the FTA will draw the Maldives more closely into China's security net Although Mr. Yameen has categorically stated that the Maldives will remain a "demilitarised zone", there are concerns that the PLA-Navy might be looking for a military base in the islands linked to projects in Djibouti, Gwadar and Hambantota. The docking of three Chinese naval warships in Male harbour in August, the first such "goodwill visit"_was significant in this respect China's growing presence in the Indian Ocean presents a challenge to India as it looks to define its place in the U.S.-led "Indo-Pacific" realignment.
Universal health coverage is the best prescription UHC provides the framework in which the issues of access, quality and cost can be integrated Three recent incidents involving the health-care sector in Delhi have sparked widespread outrage over the alleged mercenary motives and callous conduct of high-profile corporate hospital:s - Two cases involved children with dengue who died soon after leaving these hospitals in a serious condition after their families were presented huge hospitalisation and treatment bills. The third case involved a live premature baby being "declared dead" and handed over to the parents wrapped in plastic
Steps to improving access Expanding the network of public sector facilities at all levels. . This calls for higher levels of public financing, investment in training and incentivised placements of more health personnel and improved management through the . These measures have been envisaged in the National Health Policy. 2017 and need .Health-care providers in the private sectors should be empanelled to fill the gaps . Quality creation of a public health management cadre. urgent and earnest implementation. through carefully crafted contracting mechanisms that best serve public interest. . There must be an emphasis on the benefit and safety of tests and treatment The Clinical Establishments Act is a good beginning, in moving health-care facilities towards registration, ensuring compliance with essential standards of equipment and performance, adopting standard management quidelines, grievance redress mechanisms, and respecting encoded patient rights.
. These three areas of action will yield only limited results -as access alone cannot assure appropriate or affordable care and cost subsidy will be meaningless if there is limited access or undependable quality The cry for stronger regulation of quality and cost is justified but regulation will fail to UHC . The UHC provides the framework in which all three elements can be integrated. deliver needed health care to all if the health system architecture does not adopt Similarly, the success of UHC depends on effective regulation. . Now, there is a disconnect between these two in ongoing health system reforms. . It is time to bridge that gap if tragic tales of terrible health care are not to cause recurring lament.
The theory of comparative advantage tells us that India is better off relying on servers located elsewhere, while gaining in connectivity and access to high-quality digital products There is, however, a trade-off: India's inability to localise data means its digital even contradict each other. For this reason, the Srikrishna committee cannot follow the same legal strategy used in the Aadhaar Act, which lays down strict rules for the collection and sharing of biometric and sensitive personal data. . Data protection rules are embedded into technologies by software developers according to their beliefs, which may not reflect India's statutory considerations Chinese smartphone manufacturer Huawei candidly acknowledges it may transfer the data of users to locations with no data protection laws at all. Huawei's End User License Agreement merely suggests it will provide "similar and adequate" levels of protection as the country of origin. - But how would Indian regulators ensure that the data of citizens is treated uniformly, even after it has been exported to, say, China?
In this case, the very nature of the data flow is a limit on the implementation of a data protection law . The way forward .This is not to say the Srikrishna Committee is performing an exercise in futility. Current data protection rules under the Information Technology Act urgently need an update and should reflect modern trends For instance, India can and should enact safeguards for data collected through known points of vulnerability in its digital economy a mobile phone's camera software, public Wi-Fi spots, firmware updates, QR codes, and so on -But the committee will find it difficult to conceive watertight definitions of "sensitive" data, or lay down guidelines to determine what data should be collected, when the user's consent is required, or even the kind of encryption to protect such data.
India's data protection laws should not foreclose options for its own software developers . who need country and community-specific data -as they build products tailored foir the digital economy . A modest solution could be to allow companies to pursue independent data protection policies (guided by baseline norms), but monitor their enforcement through a national. multi-stakeholder agency .There is precedent for such an institution: the United States Federal Trade Commission performs such a role, investigating data breaches often according to best practices within the industry - In 2013, for example, it found the smartphone manufacturer HTC quilty of circumventing Android's own installation checks and allowing the download of apps. . Pitting businesses against their own data protection standards and those of their competitors will create a "name and shame" environment, and weed out poor practices that compromise users' data. . When the Indian digital ecosystem is mature enough, there could be more comprehensive guidelines on the storing, sharing and collection of data.
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