Abhishek Srivastava is teaching live on Unacademy Plus
DAILY NEWS ANALYSIS FROM HINDU 1st DECEMBER 2017 Abhishek Srivastava
Dealing with data Public inputs are vital in framing a robust law to protect individual data . The dawn of the information age opened up great . Also enhanced the threat of unregulated and arbitrary use .Unauthorised leaks, hacking and other cyber crimes have . But it is the conflict between the digital era and the fear of opportunities for the beneficial use of data. of personal data rendered data bases vulnerable. ull loss of individual autonomy. The White Paper made public by the Justice B.N. Srikrishna Committee to elicit views from the public on the shape and substance of a comprehensive data protection lavw assumes significance . It would be appropriate to draw up a law using the rights-based approach of the European Union's General Data Protection Regulation. 2016, in which data protection is comprehensive and exemptions limited.
Some may prefer the American model in which the norms are stringent for government departments processing personal information India does not have a separate law for data protection, though Section 43A of the Information Technology Act provides a measure of legal protection of personal information. legal framework for protecting privacy. disclosure to citizens In 2012, the Justice A.P. Shah Committee recommended a set of principles for a . Drawn from OECD quidelines, these principles were centred on sufficient notice and when data are collected, limitations on data collection and use, norms related to data security and accountability The Srikrishna Committee has also flagged seven major principles It wants the law to be technology-agnostic and enshrine the principle of informed consent
-It favours data minimisation and accountability of those who process and control data It privileges a holistic approach as the law would apply to both government and private entities, but with "differential obligations" .This is where the law requires careful drafting and strictly defined concepts. It is legitimate to collect personal data in the public interest, but this information should be protected and used only for the purposes it was collected . Above all, the law must provide for a suitably empowered statutory authority to enforce its promised protection to citizens' data.
Some animals are more equal than others It is time we gave priority to animals on the basis of the threat perception .When a tiger dies in a national park, it makes it to the front pages of newspapers. There is similar concern over the death and destruction of habitats of other large mammals like elephants, rhinos, leopards and snow leopards because they attract tourists and bring in revenue. The forgotten ones However, several smaller species die, or are near extinction, or are threatened in India. . These include the the Great Indian Bustard, the house sparrow, the shy Indian pangolin, the caracal, the slender loris and the star tortoise, which do not evoke the same public outcry or action The National Board for Wildlife in 2012 identified more than 15 species, including the magnificent Hangul of Kashmir and the Barasingha of Madhya Pradesh, as critically endangered . M.K. Ranjitsinh - we are suffering from mega species myopia.
No one wants to remove the tiger from its exalted position as the first among equals It is true that in protecting the tiger we are protecting an ecosystem. The big cat dominates the high grasslands. But what about the animals in the dry grasslands, the mountains? .Excellent conservation work has been done to protect snow leopard, -But the support should also extend to its prey base. . The hog deer, - are prolific breeders, were the principal food of the tiger in the grasslands of Corbett National Park in the sixties. There was an abundance of them and it was a major species of the park, vital for the survival of the tiger. -Now there may be just 20 of them in Corbett and no one seems concerned AAboutE
. The Great Indian Bustard, One of the rarest species and undoubtedly one of the most endangered State bird of Rajasthan, endemic to Jaisalmer and Pokhran its habitat was severely damaged by the nuclear tests in 1974 and 1998. The mouse deer (scientific name Chevrotain) - is a miniature, just a foot high and tiptoes like a ballerina It can be found in the Sal forests of south India, Madhya Pradesh and West Bengal. Mouse deer meat is said to be delectable and before the Wildlife Act came into existence, it cost thrice the price of any other meat. The mouse deer raises its young in the hollow of the fallen Sal, but unfortunately these trees are used as fuel wood.
The caracal has disappeared from the Kuno sanctuary of Madhya Pradesh. However, there are records of it being seen in Ranthambore in Rajasthan and in Kutch, Gujarat. . It is feared that the Malabar civet cat may have gone into extinction Traded or killed The pangolin seems doomed because its scales, have medicinal value and are more expensive than gold, are sheared ruthlessly. Its meat too is in demand in China. Illegal trade continues not just in parts where there are tigers but also in parts where there are musk deer, otter, mongoose and other animals. . The slender loris, a nocturnal animal found in the Western Ghats, and the tortoise are traded in the pet market Reports of nomadic Gujjars making forays into Dachigam, the Hangul, the only deer species of its kind, is down to around 200.
Manipur's State animal, the brow-antlered deer or Sangai, which lives on the floating morass of Loktak Lake, is also fighting for survival with numbers down to around 200. -However, with Sangai festivals and Sangal tour services, Manipur is going all out to protect them. . With so many small animals on the verge of extinction, it is time we gave priority to animals on the basis of the threat perception to them. Today, we have the expertise to save them but lack the political will. They are perched on a precipice and unless we act, they will become as dead as the dodo.
Should Padmavati be screened? Padmaveti Yes KATRINA KAIF Padmini or Padmavati is a fictional character, created by the Sufi poet Malik Muhammad Jayasi in the 16th century Alauddin Khilji's siege of Chittor in 1303 is a historical event. . The legend of Padmini has little historical evidence and most modern historians have rejected its authenticity Compare the present furore over Padmavati to Indu Sarkar. a film that shows Prime Minister Indira Gandhi in poor light . But nobody from her family spoke against the film or sought a ban on its screening. . In Padmavatis case, her existence itself is conjectural. But some people are imagining that the film has been made to vilify her.
No . The controversy shed little light on questions of history and freedom of expression Competing claims Issue myth versus history In any culture, the role of myth cannot be denied in shaping cultural selves while conceptions of professional history are themselves not infallible and are open to different interpretations. Jawaharlal Nehru.- "Facts and fiction are so interwoven together as to be inseparable, and this amalgam becomes an imagined history, which may not tell us exactly what happened but does tell us something equally important" The question how the story of Padmini has survived in literature and folklore for centuries as a saga of courage? Historically speaking, we need to read the social histories of myths and see how they impact common people. .Seen administratively, it is important to ponder over the complex relationship between the freedom to speak and the social impact of the exercise of that freedom.
Complicated . Can we hold filmmakers responsible for teaching history which should have been the duty . For all practical purposes, Indian audiences have learnt their history lessons from History lessons from film and primary responsibility of our academic institutions? mainstream Indian cinema. Popular Indian cinema has been our only space for a discourse on various facets of Indian history politics and issues concerning gender and caste hierarchies. Our cinema- screenwriters express their imaginations on-screen -Audience-carry on their discussions/ debates in their independent private spaces off-screen . So far, this was seen under the aegis of a constitutional right called freedom of expression which was also concomitant with the freedom to agree/disagree or even offend . But the intervention of modern social media seems to have changed the entire scenario. . It's strange that a small outfit from Jaipur called Karni Sena claiming they represent all Rajputs could manage to garner so much attention across India.