Abhishek Srivastava is teaching live on Unacademy Plus
EDITORIAL ANALYSIS FROM HINDU 6th DECEMBER 2017 https://unacade Editorial analysis Crash course on Polity Crash Course on Modern History Crash Course on Ancient History Crash Course on Medieval History . Ncert Class VI History Summary . Delhi Sultanate *Essay writing Abhishek Srivastava
New India formula? The 15th Finance Commission's job will be especially tricky in the time of GST The constitutional body is tasked with recommending a fiscal road map and a sharing of resources between the Centre and the States. .On Monday, former Revenue Secretary N.K. Singh, who has been appointed chairman of the Commission, held preliminary discussions on its "wide-ranging" terms of reference and decided to hold expeditious consultations with stakeholders at all administrative levels as well as with political parties. . The Commission has less than two years to complete its deliberations and submit its report by October 2019. . Accepting the 14th Finance Commission's recommendation to raise the States' share in the divisible pool of taxes to 42% from the previous 32% level. - PM had told Chief Ministers that although this meant less money at the Centre's disposal, his government had decided to strengthen the States' capacity to move away from a 'one-size-fits-all' approach.
. The Centre has urged the Commission to finalise its tax-devolution formula after factoring in the impact on the Union's fiscal situation, keeping in mind "the continuing imperative of the national development programme including New India 2022" Taken together with its need for resources for essential spending in areas such as defence, security, infrastructure and climate change, the Centre seems to be seeking a rollback of the 42% share for States. The government's top brass has repeatedly asserted the need for revenue to maintain public spending in the face of flak for high petroleum taxes. But a reduction from the 42% rate could dent States, faith in the Centre's claims of cooperative federalism The rollout of the goods and services tax, which marks a new chapter in tax administration with both the Centre and States working together through the GST Council, makes the challenge trickier.
The Centre is committed to compensating States for any revenue losses arising out of GST implementation till June 2022. Its mandate includes formulating performance-linked incentives for States on a range of desirable outcomes such as attaining a replacement rate in population growth deepening the GST net improving the ease of doing business. Devising a fiscal nudge for development goals sounds attractive, though the challenge would lie in quantifying the good from the ugly especially when one has to reward a State for showing 'control or lack of it in incurring expenditure on populist measures
Of crime and punishment Low conviction rates and a lack of a lawful definition of crime mark criminal administration in India Police reform in India has been concerned with political interference ever since the landmark Supreme Court judgement,in 2006, on the subject. The focus should really be on reorganising criminal administration . The annual publication of the National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB)."Crime in India 2016", which was released recently, presents a dismal picture of the key performance statistic with only 47% convictions in Indian Penal Code (IPC) crimes at the national level
. Delhi provides an interesting case study, where there is no political interference and the Police Commissioner reports to the Lieutenant Governor, and not the Chief Minister. -with a population smaller than Mumbai, it has two times the number of police stations -In Delhi only 58% of those arrested were chargesheeted, while in Mumbai, more persons were chargesheeted than were arrested for IPC crimes. DNA Testing . In Delhi, DNA testing, which can secure higher conviction rates, is, inexplicably, a low priority. There is only one forensic testing laboratory, with around 9,000 samples pending for examination Consequently Delhi has a conviction rate of only 21%, 24% and 30% in cases of kidnapping and abduction, rape and murder, respectively . . There is a need to distinguish between accountability and operational responsibility
Operational decision-making on day-to-day policing remains the responsibility of the Metropolitan Police Commissioner Unresolved issues .Despite the recommendations of Law Commissions and the Supreme Court, as well going by experience in the developed world, we do not have separate wings for investigation of crime and for law and order. . Years ago, the Law Commission had suggested a directorate of prosecution independent of the police to guide investigation. . There is still controversy over which kinds of conduct are best controlled by the application of criminal law and which kinds by other means The criminal justice system should be limited to crimes under the IPC, while enforcement of administrative law and social legislation requires a different approach involving summary trials, changing societal attitudes and modes of behaviour For example, in Britain part-time lay judges outnumber full-time judges, leaving the judiciary to concentrate on the real crime
The effectiveness of prisons is now being questioned. Nearly two-thirds of the prison population is awaiting trial and half the number of undertrials are normally acquitted. -Over 80% of prisoners are sentenced to terms less than three months. Criminologists now feel that short-term sentences expose such prisoners to criminal indoctrination in jail and social condemnation on release, with a strong case for greater reliance on compounding, probation and parole The main purpose of criminal administration should be the prevention of crime, and the police cannot be an instrument of social change. . Administrative measures and fines levied by honorary and executive magistrates will change behaviour better than penal action.
'GST opens up a lot of data for policymaking The Chief Statistician of India on the economy, the meaning of the new series of GDP data, and the need to wait for the impact of demonetisation to unfold. Data for restocking or inventory Just before the GST was launched, firms were clearing inventory because of the issues involved with the tax treatment of goods produced prior to the GST rollout and selling products manufactured pre-GST in the post-GST regime. The only statistical evidence that is available is in the company filings which were made available for Q1 There, the change in stock figures was sharply negative. T.C.A. Anant is the Chief Statistician of India, and Secretary, Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation.
To capture data of the informal sector The informal sector is defined as that part of the economy where the establishment does not maintain regular accounts. It is informal because it is not subject to most of the traditional ways in which you can capture data. But, even with GST, you are not going to get the informal sector in that sense because the entities who will be filing this regular monthly return will be the larger companies, not the informal sector But for the informal sector, the principle source of data is through establishment surveys. Regular establishment surveys, will help here GST opens up more data for policymaking - In addition to aggregates, we will also get data on inter-State transactions which was previously not available. This will give us a much better picture of a spatial spread of economic activity. - We assume at the moment that when manufacturing has picked up, it has picked up uniformly all over India.
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