Tina Malhotra is teaching live on Unacademy Plus
CURRENT AFFAIRS: JULY 31,2018 By TINA MALHOTRA
Criminal Law Amendment 2018 1. BILLPASSED The Lok Sabha has passed the Criminal Law (Amendment) Bill, 2018. The main highlight of the bill is that it seeks to amend the Indian Penal Code (IPC), the Evidence Act, the Code of Criminal Procedure (CrPC) and the Protection of Children from Sexual Offences (POCSO) Act to introduce a new provision to sentence convicts of such crimes punishment of death. 2. FEATURES - provision for anticipatory bail for a person accused of rape or gangrape of a girl under 16 years. . The time limit for investigation of all cases of rape has been prescribed, which has to be mandatorily completed within two months.
PUNISHMENTS provides for stringent punishment including death penalty for those convicted of raping girls below the age of 12 years. - The minimum punishment in case of rape of women has been increased from rigorous imprisonment of seven years to 10 years, extendable to life imprisonment. In case of rape of a girl under 16 years, the minimum punishment has been increased from 10 years to 20 years, extendable to imprisonmentfor rest of life, which means jail term till the convicts' "natural life". The punishment for gang rape of a girl below 16 years will invariably be imprisonment forthe rest of life of the convict. - Stringent punishment for rape of a girl under 12 years has been provided with the minimum jail term being 20 years which may go up to life in prison or death sentence. Gangrape of a girl under 12 years of age will invite punishment of jail term for the rest of life or death. -
NRC 1. ASSAM The draft National Register of Citizens (NRC), published recently, includes only those able to prove they were in Assam before 1971. It excludes D- voters. , this is a category of voters disenfranchised by the government foralleged lack of proper citizenship documents. 2. DECLARED FOREIGNER D-voters are tried by special tribunals under the Foreigners' Actand if they fail to defend their citizenship claim they are marked as declared foreigner 3. The Assam Accord of 1985 that ended the six-year anti-foreigners' agitation decided upon the midnight of March 24,1971as the cut-off date.
Mobile open exchange zone 1. NOIDA Country's first Mobile Open Exchange (MOX) zone will be opened in Noida. 2. MOU UP government had signed MoU with World Trade Centre, Noida at UP Investors Summit to develop Tech Zone which will act as catalyst for growth of mobile and allied sectors in the state. MOX will be a dedicated ecosystem for mobile industry, providingan integrated platform to mobile manufacturers, research and development and allied industries. It brings infrastructure service providers, handset manufacturers, mobile content, application and service providers, retailers and distributors at one place
Homeopathy Central Council Amendment Bill 1. 2018 - A bill that provides for supersession of the Central Council of Homeopathy and constituting a Board of Governors was passed in the Lok Sabha 2. NAME The Homoeopathy Central Council (Amendment) Bill, 2018 was introduced by Ayush Minister Shripad Yesso Naik, and was intended to replace an ordinance brought by the government earlier this year. The bill sought to amend the Homoeopathy Central Council Act, 1973, under which the Central Council of Homoeopathy had beenset up."To overcome the irregularities in the Council, the path of ordinance had to be chosen.
JULY 30 1. TRAFFICKING The World Day against Trafficking in Persons was observed across the world orn July 30, 2018. 2018 Theme: 'Responding to the trafficking of children and young people'. 2. AIM The theme notonly draws attention to the issues faced by trafficked children but also to the possible action initiatives linked to safeguarding and ensuring justice forthe child victims. 3. STEPS TAKEN establishment of a UN Voluntary Trust Fund for victims oftrafficking,especially women and children. In 201o, the General Assembly adopted the Global Plan of Action to Combat Trafficking in Persons
E GOVERNANCE 1. UNITED NATIONS The E-Government survey is released by the United Nations in everytwo years. The 2018 edition: 'Gearing E-Governmentto Support Transformation towards sustainable and resilient societies' was launched on July 19,2018. India, which was ranked 118 in 2014,jumped 11 placesto be ranked 96 in 2018. 2. UN E GOVERNANCE INDEX E-Government Development Index (EGDI) is a composite index based on the weighted average of three normalised indices:Telecommunications Infrastructure Index (TIl): Human Capital Index (HCl): Online Service Index (OSI)
First UN certified football team 1. UNITED NATION - A British professional football club that is powered by renewable energy and serves vegan food to players, staffand fans has received a prestigious United Nations certification Forest Green Rovers, which plays in League Two, announced that it has becomethe world's first UN certified carbon-neutral football club. 2. UNFCCC Based in the Gloucestershire town of Nailsworth, the club has signed up for a United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) initiative called Climate Neutral Now for the 2018-19 season VEGAN: because of the "huge environmental and animal welfare impacts of livestock farming", as well as to improve player performance and give fan:s healthier, tastierfood