Tina Malhotra is teaching live on Unacademy Plus
CURRENT AFFAIRS: JULY 19,2018 By Tina Malhotra
SABARIMALA TEMPLE 1. SUPREME COURT VERDICT the Supreme Court has said women have the constitutional right of equal access to public places of worship to pray. Any rule thatstood in their way would be againstthis right, the apex courtsaid. - 2. BACKGROUND Women are notallowed to enter Sabarimala temple. The discrimination is based on physiological reasonas women between the age group of 10-50 undergo menstruation. 3.OBSERVATION Article 25 (1) mandates freedom of conscience and right to practise religion. "All persons are equally entitled to freedom of conscience and the right freely to profess, practise and propagate religion".
CHILD MARRIAGES 1.BACKGROUND section 3 of the Prohibition of Child Marriage Act, under which a child marriage is only voidable at the option of the contracting parties. child marriages are valid in India, but can be annulled if a case is filed in a district court by either of the two contracting parties within twoyears of becomingan adult, or through a guardian in case of minors. - -2. CURRENT AFFAIRS The WCD Ministry has proposed to make child marriages "void ab initio" (invalid from the outset) 3./WEST BENGAL wonthe prestigious UN Public Service Award-Kanyashree Prakalpa' initiative
Special remission to prisoners 1. ARTICLE 161 -Cabinet approves Special Remission to Prisoners on the occasion of 150th Birth Anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi. Ministry of Home Affairs will issue advice to all States and UTs asking them to process the cases of eligible prisoners 2. Difference between pardoning power of governorand president The President ca n grant pardon in ali cases where the sentence given is sentence of death but pardoning power of Governor does not extend to death sentence cases. 3. EXECUTIVE POWER - corrects the errors of judiciary. It eliminates the effect of conviction without addressing the defendant's guilt or innocence
CATEGORIES Women and Transgender convicts: 55 years of age and above and who have completed 50% of their actual sentence period. Male convicts: 60 years of age Physically challenged/disabled convicts: They will convicts with 70% disability and more and who have completed 50% of their actual sentence period. Terminally ill convicted prisoners who have completed two-third (66%) of their actual sentence period.
State Bank Bill, 2017 1. PASSED BY PARLIAMENT - Parliament passes State Banks (Repeal and Amendment) Bill, 2017to mergesix subsidiary banks with State Bank of India after it was approved by Rajya Sabha. 2. Features of the Bill - The bill repeals two Acts namely-State Bank of India (Subsidiary Banks) Act, 1959, and State Bank of Hyderabad Act, 1956. State Bank of Bikaner, State Bank of Patiala, State Bank of Mysore, State Bank of Hyderabad and State Bank of Travancore 3.BACKGROUND The Union Cabinet in February 2017 had approved merger of five associate banks along with Bharatiya Mahila Bank with SBl
EXERCISE PITCH BLACK 1. AUSTRALIA The lndian Air Force (IAF) is participating in the multinational "Pitch Black" warfare exercise in Australia. 2. ABOUT THE EXERCISE - It is a biennial multi-national large force employment warfare exercise hosted by the Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF). The aim of the exercise is to practice Offensive Counter Air (OCA) and Defensive Counter Air (DCA) combat, in a simulated war environment. The IAF contingentled by Group Captain CUV Rao