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9th April 2018 Part-2: Daily News Analysis
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Electoral Bonds

Jatin Verma is teaching live on Unacademy Plus

Jatin Verma
Have appeared in UPSC CSE thrice. Have been taking Unacademy Plus courses Academics- Polity, Economics & Current Affairs.

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Manish Joshi
2 years ago
hey guys i have uploaded a course based on DAILY MOCK TEST SERIES FOR UPSC CSE PRELIMS 2018
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species: founded in 1964 HQ: UK Parent body: IUCN (1948 at Fontainebleau,France and HQ at Gland, Switzerland) Categories: Extinct, Threatened and Lower Risk 1.) Extinct  (2)   -● Extinct  (EX)   -● Extinct in the Wild  (EW) 2.) Threatened (3)   -● Critically Endangered (CR)   -● Endangered  (EN)   -● Vulnerable  (VU) 3.) Lower Risk (2)   -● Near Threatened  (NT)   -● Least Concern  (LC) OTHER CATEGORIES:  -● Data deficient (DD) – Not enough data to make an assessment of its risk of extinction -● Not evaluated (NE) – Has not yet been evaluated against the criteria
IUCN was formed in 1948 but IUCN Red list of threatened species was first published in 1963. Which classify species in nine groups. 1.EXTINCT 2.EXTINCT in the wild 3.Critically endangered 4.Endangered 5. Vulnerable 6. Near threatened 7.least concern 8. Data deficient 9. not evaluated. Among them critically endangered, endangered and vulnerable comes under "threatened " species.
IUCN : International Union for Conservation of Nature & Natural Resorces Estd- 1948 @ Fontaineblaue, France IUCN Red List estd @ 1964 HQ in UK IUCN Red List has 3 categories 1. Extinct i. EX - Extinct ii. EW- Extinct in the wild 2. Threatened i. CR- Critically Endangered ii. EN -Endangered iii. VU Vulnerable 3. Lower risk i. near thretened NT ii. Conservation Dependent CD iii. Least Concern LC
founded in 1948 headq- switzerland species classified in EX-extinct EW-extinct in wild threatened(CR-critically endangered, EN-endangered, VU- vulnerable) NT- near threatened LC- least concern.
Central Adoption Resource Authority (CARA) is a statutory body of Ministry of Women & Child Development, Government of India. It functions as the nodal body for adoption of Indian children and is mandated to monitor and regulate in-country and inter-country adoptions. CARA is designated as the Central Authority to deal with inter-country adoptions in accordance with the provisions of the Hague Convention on Inter-country Adoption, 1993, ratified by Government of India in 2003. CARA primarily deals with adoption of orphan, abandoned and surrendered children through its associated /recognised adoption agencies.
  1. want to be startin anses hoiag 2 but th Important News Articles Taking Delhi/Noida edition as the bas<e Page 1: Non-bailable warrants issued against Nirav, Choksi Page 1: The worst is over for PNB, says its chief y has ph reve Page 1: Pak. plans to Permanently ban JuD Page 12 World News: Pakistan preparing terrorist database Page 5 South News: CAG raps State on 'wasteful expenditure' in local bodies Page 5 South News: Justice delayed for Kerala's victims of sexual abuse Page 7 Nation News: Indians averse to adopting children with special needs Page 10 News: China objects to India's 'transgression' Page 11 News: Oli seeks farm expertise for Nepal ape an hink h fferent et two bo a pu Ivi rk and t stay have

  2. want to be startin anses hoiag 2 but th Page 5 South News: 4 Kingfisher species sighted in Krishna Sanctua At least four kingfisher species are thriving in the Krishna Wildlife Sanctuary in Andhra Pradesh, adding beauty to the precious eco-region in India y hav ph The species have been identified as: White-throated kingfisher (Halcyon smyrnensis), [ii]Pied kingfisher (Ceryle rudis), [iii]Black-capped kingfisher (Halcyon pileate) and [iv]the Common kingfisher. In India, it is learnt that 12 species can be sighted. The four sighted in the sanctuary are 'wetland dependents'. The wetland ecosystem is the prime attraction for them The IUCN conservation status of the four species is least concern". reve laye hink h causeb ferent . et t a pu .The birds are thriving as the sanctuary is an ideal habitation for prey. The hunting of the fishS by them in the serene backwaters surrounded by the lush green mangrove cover is a moment to capture and witness. ch arded that

  3. to Page 7 Nation News: Indians averse to adopting children with special needs.|GSM-1: Social Issues] Child Adoption Resource Authority (CARA) Report on differently-abled children: 1) For every Indian parent who adopts a differently-abled child, there are at least 7 foreigners who adopt such children from India. a) Domestic adoptions has fallen with every passing year: 46 adoptions were made in 2017-18 re compared to 49 in 2016-17 and 76 in 2015-16 b) Foreigners adoptions rose by 50% last year alone: 355 adoptions were made in 2017-2018 lay compared to 237 last year. 2) As per the law, efforts have to be made to place a child within India first, and only when a child i ent not accepted by Indian applicants, he/she is referred to foreigners. As a result, overseas applicants are mostly referred differentlv-abled children Dun 3) Activists and parents attribute the huge gap to differences in cultural attitudes towards disabilities. 4) 4) Activists say that while better social security abroad helps families adopt a child with 5) Factors contributing to parents in India not opting for differently-abled children: issues related and stay disabilities, there is also a need to look within. to schooling, access to public spaces, and employment opportunities. arded is week

  4. want to be startin anses hoiag 2 but th Central Adoption Resource Authority (CARA), a statutory body of Union Ministry of Women and Child Development issued new guidelines for adoption in 2017 and making the existing laws more stringent, agencies are finding it difficult to prepare a child for adoption pCARA is the nodal body for adoption of Indian children mandated to monitor he and regulate all kinds of adoptions y hav reve laye The greatest hurdle is to ensure that a child is 'legally free' hink h causeb ferent et t a pu OLIse r and t stay

  5. want teo he starting Juvenile Justice(Care & Protection) Act, 2015 The Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2015 came into force from January 2016 & repealed the Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2000, It provides for strengthened provisions for both children in need of care and protection and children in conflict with law Salient Features of the Act: he [i] Change in nomenclature from 'juvenile' to 'child' or 'child in conflict with law' re across the Act to remove the negative connotation associated with the word "juvenile" [i] Inclusion of several new definitions such as orphaned, abandoned and surrendered e ar children; and petty, serious and heinous offences committed by children; [iijClarity in powers, function and responsibilities of Juvenile Justice Board (JJB) and k h use rent Child Welfare Committee (CWC); [iv]Clear timelines for inquiry by Juvenile Justice Board (JJB); [V]Special provisions for heinous offences committed by children above the age of sixteen year; [vi] Separate new chapter on Adoption to streamline adoption of orphan, abandoned and pur ock e stay surrendered children; Ivi Inclusion of new offences committed against children; and mandatory registration of Child Care Institutions. frs

  6. want to be startin anses hoiag 2 but th Page 10 News: China objects to India's 'transgression In a fresh incident of friction, the Chinese military last month strongly protested against the Indian Army's "transgression" into the strategically sensitive Asaphila area along Chinese raised the issue at a 'Border Personnel Meeting' (BPM) but the Indian Army Under theBPM mechanism, the two_sides can register their protest over any het y hav the disputed border in Arunachal Pradesh. ree dismissed it laye incident of transgression as there are varying perceptions about the Line of Actual Control (LAC) between the two countries hink h causeb ferent et t China's Stand: Chinese called India's patrolling in the area a "transgression" and the Indian Army The delegation of China's People's Liberation Army specifically mentioned extensive a pu objected to the terminology. rk and t stay patrolling in Asaphila by Indian troops, saying such "violations" may escalate tensions leksa ch arded that

  7. want to be startin anses hoiag 2 anted to show the hoss whatcoE but th Page 11: Election Commission to take call on Electoral Bonds soon. The Election Commission will soon take a fresh view of the electoral bonds after analysing the terms of the government notification and the outcome of two rounds of their sales since March. What's the issue? y hav e The Union government had notified the scheme on January 2. As per the rule, only registered ph political parties which have secured not less than 1% of the votes polled in the previous Lok Sabha or Assembly elections are eligible for these bonds laye .The first round of sales was allowed in the designated branches of State Bank of India (SBI) in New Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata and Chennai from March 1 to 10. The second phase, which started on April 2, will continue till April 10 hink h cause ferent In the first round, bonds worth 222 crore were issued by SBI. This fact was not reported et t directly to the Election Commission. The government disclosed it in the Lok Sabha in response to the question from an MP, and that was how it came into the public domairn. a pu .It is learnt that Election Commission officials held a meeting on the basis of this information rk and tay Now that the second phase of sales is under way, we will wait for more details for further analysis .The EC Secretariat is also examining the notification to determine whether all the concerns leksa raised by the Election Commission have been addressed. The Election Commission had earlier told aparliamentary-committee that the introduction of electoral-bonds would be a retrograde

  8. want to be startin anses hoiag 2 but th The EC Secretariat is also examining the notification to determine whether all the concerns raised by the Election Commission have been addressed .The Election Commission had earlier told a parliamentary committee that the introduction of electoral bonds would be a retrograde measure in the effort to make political funding transparent. It had submitted that the changes made to the election laws for the bonds could compromise transparency. The amendment to Section 29C of the Representation of the People Act has made it no longer mandatory for the parties to report the details of donations received through the bonds. Furthermore, it is not clear at this stage how the details of the bonds will be shared with the Election Commission. However, the issuing bank has their money trails. These bonds, which do not carry the names of the donors, remain valid for 15 days y hav reve. he p . hink h causeb ferent et t a pu .Note: An electoral bond can be purchased by any citizen of India or a body OLIse incorporated in India The bonds will not carry the name of the payee and will be valid only for 15 days during which it can be used to make a donation only to certain political parties. r and t stay . is arded

  9. want to be startin anses hoiag 2 but th Page 10 News: China objects to India's 'transgression' (contd. India's Stand: ,: . India said that the area in the upper Subansiri region of Arunachal Pradesh belongs to aIndia and it has regularly been carrying out patrols there y hav There were several instances of Chinese intrusions in the area which had been taken up seriously by the Indian side in the past. India said its troops were aware of the alignment of the LAC and the Army would continue to carry out patrols up to the LAC, the de facto border. reve hink h causeb Indian and ( hinese troops hold BPM to resolve issues triggering tensions along the border. et t a pu rk and t stay ch

  10. want to be startin anses hoiag 2 Page 11 News In BRIEF: 515 IPS officers fail to declare asset details IGSM-2 Polity & Governance: Probity in Administration; GSM-4: Ethics & Integrity] Over 500 IPS officers, including DGPs and IGPs, have failed to file property details for 2016, and this may lead to denial of promotion and cancellation of vigilance clearance. .Under the All India Services (Conduct) Rules, 1968, all IPS officers are required to file reve immoveable property returns in a prescribed format by January 31 every year. 3 However, as on March 31, 2017, 3,390 IPS officers had filed IPR, of the total of 3,905 IPS officers, said an official of the Union Home Ministry. laye leksa

  11. want to he starting Page 12 World News: Syria 'chemical attack' claims 49 lives it th What is Chemical Weapons Convention? The official name of the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) is Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production, Stockpiling and Use of Chemical Weapons The countries which sign and ratify this convention are required to prohibit the use and production of chemical weapons, as well as the destruction of all chemical weapons. p re Of the eight states that are not a party to convention, two (Burma and Israel) have signed but not yet ratified the treaty and six states (Angola, North Korea, Egypt, Somalia, South Sudan and Syria) have not signed the treaty India and Chemical weapons Convention: India signed this treaty in January 1993 and ratified it afterwards. Having ratified the Convention, India was required to make provisions for its implementation. So, India enacted a Chemical Weapons Convention Act, 2000, which is applicable to citizens of India outside India and the associates, branches or subsidiaries, outside India of companies or bodies corporate, registered or incorporated in India e an ent u. ck e ind stay India and Chemical Weapons As part of its commitments, India destroyed 1,000+ tons of chemicals by 2009, which could be used in making weapons. The act provides for a National Authority on CWC, which has done meticulous efforts to follow various provisions of the CWC. NACWC has been established under the Chemical Weapons Convention Act, 2000

  12. want to be startin anses hoiag 2 to but th Constitution-Check Article 280. Finance Commission (1) The President shall, within two years from the commencement of this Constitution and thereafter at the expiration of every fifth year or at such earlier time as the President considers y has phe reve necessary, by order constitute a Finance Commission which shall consist of a Chairman and four other members to be appointed by the President (2) It shall be the duty of the Commission to make recommendations to the President as to(a) the distribution between the Union and the States of the net proceeds of taxes which are to be, or may be, divided between them under this Chapter and the allocation between the States of the respective shares of such proceeds; (b) the principles which should govern the grants in aid of the revenues of the States out of the Consolidated Fund of India (c) any other matter referred to the Commission by the President in the interests of sound finance ape an fferent et two bo a pu Ivi rk and t stay achn