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for Monday'ganw forward to reWARMING look forward toit GLOBAL Walcott has top start sea ar stacea Daily News Analysis thi Parliamentary Committees ris DealTHE HINDU, pho even pO as Judicial Over-reach CAG Slams Govt. Indian express, Tol, Livemint for 12th April, 2018 e ga Act olicy ayIut hadhe Oliver &for nanded by many a that Khan also a puralso Daily News Analysis Legislative Adventurism been no witact Troim .austrial Productio that it ha witten toor o months receveh financial crisis ii p Meltdow. China's Belt & Road Is there a need for Stimulus By Jatin Verma
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want to be startin anses hoiag 2 but th Important News Articles Taking Delhi/Noida edition as the bas<e Page 1: It is CJI's right to allot cases: SC Page 1: Users own and control their data: Zuckerberg 12 World News: Zuckerberg gives evasive replies y has reve he # Page 12 World News: 'My own data was shared by Analytica' Page 3 North News: Rain forecast worries wheat farmers in Punjab and Haryana Page 4 West News: Protests against Ratnagiri refinery to gain steam Page 5 South News: Consent of bride inherent to Hindu marital law: SC Page 5 South News: Kerala Tourism to appoint 1,000 resource persons Page 5 South News: Hyderabad to tap rooftop solar potential Page 5 South News: Tirupati-Sri City has scope for huge investment: Naidu Page 6 Nation News: Centre for relook at Haj bar on disabled Page 6 Nation News: 99% of MGNREGA wages remain unpaid, hink h fferent et two bo a pu Ivi rk and t stay Page 7 Nation News: 'Armed forces will buy the products they need' Page 7 Nation News: Focus will be on tie-ups: DRDO chief achn Page 7 Nation News: New fund for defence enterprises
but th Important News Articles Taking Delhi/Noida edition as the bas<e Page 10 News: Aadhaar linkage will protect people: UIDAI Page 11 News: SC seeks Shah Jahan's 'signature' in Taj case y has pPage 11 News: Cattle Rules: Course Correction reve he * Page 11 News: Maneka, Ministry at odds over nutrient packets Page 13 Business News: 'Petroleum, Finance Ministers can award hydrocarbon blocks' Page 13 Business News: 'Centre should make serious corrections in AI's sale terms' Page 14 Business News: 'Digital transformation to add $154 billion to India's GDP" hink h fferent et two bo a pu rk and t stay have
want to be startin anses hoiag 2 a th Page 1: It is CJI's right to allot cases: SC A SC Bench led by CJI Misra declared the Chief Justice of India an "institution in himself" with "exclusive prerogative" to constitute Benchnesumntion of mistrust" against the high The three-judge Bench held there is no room for any "presumption of mistrust" against the high constitutional functionary, who helms the country's most powerful court. re he Second instance This is the second time that the Supreme Court has, within 6 months, reiterated CJI's exclusive duty and authority as 'master of roster'to constitute Benches and allocate cases Background In November 2017, a Constitution Bench led by CJI Mishra, had declared the CJI as 'master of roster.' Subsequent to this judgment, 4 judges of the SC held their historic press conference on January 12, revealing how the CJI selectively allocates cases to "preferred Benches." The November 2017 Constitution Bench verdict provided the foundation for dismissing the nd etition filed by an advocate who highlighted the need for a "set procedure" to constitute Benches and allocate cases in the SC and the HCs. oid
want to be startin anses hoiag 2 a th Page 1: It is CJI's right to allot cases: SC (contd. Justice Chelameswar, during a public discussion, said allocation of cases, if not made transparent, would lead to suspicion. "And suspicion is detrimental to the institution". The judgment said: I dismissed Mr. Pande's petition as largely "scandalous." It said Mr. Pande suffers from the fundamental fallacy" that some cases should be heard by senior most judges All judges are equal in duty and power. They all speak for the court There is no foundation in principle or precedent to suggest that one judge is more capable of deciding particular cases; certain categories of cases should be assigned only to the senior-mosta judge. .To hold otherwise would be to cast a reflection on the competence and ability of other judges to deal with cases assigned to them by the CJI . There was no concept of "senior" or "junior" SC judges . CJI is only "the first among equals" as a judge, but is sui generis (one of his kind) in other capacities Justice Chandrachud Said: Seniority in terms of appointment has no bearing on which cases, a judge should hear. Entrustment of such authority in the CJI is necessary for safeguarding the SC as an "independent safeguard for the preservation of personal liberty oid where te
want to be startin anses hoiag 2 a th Page 1: It is CJI's right to allot cases: SC (contd. As a repository of constitutional trust, the CJI is an institution in himself. The entrustment of mo functions to the CJI... is with the purpose of securing the he position of the SC as an independent safeguard for the preservation of personal liberty Every judge appointed to SC is invested with equal duty of adjudicating cases which come to the court and are assigned by the CJI. Seniority in terms of appointment has no bearing on whichk bo nd cases a judge should hear oid -Justice D Y Chandrachud CJI Dipak Misra
want to he start Page 12 World News: Zuckerberg gives evasive replies t th However, Zuckerberg did not admit the charges of inadequate data protection but said that there were still lapses in content regulation and promised that his team would follow up with the senators with details. He said: FB would soon have more than 20,000 people working on security and content review Artificial intelligence tools will come into play in the coming years and make this process easier and more efficient. re he . Several senators pointed out that it is time legislative regulations were put in place to govern the Several lawmakers also pushed for privacy and data access controls on FB that are designed to be Zuckerberg said that the users completely control the terms under which their information is used. Political concerns were raised: While several Democrats sought to know about Russian use of Facebook in the 2016 presidential digital sector. ar nt opt-in rather than 'opt-out.' ck e nd tay election, the freedom of speech concerns had conservative and progressive expressions. While Democrats pointed out that the use of FB spread hate (several of them referred to diatribe against Rohingya), Republicans were concerned about FB's restrictions on conservative groups.
want to be startin anses hoiag 2 e and he Page 12 World News: 'My own data was shared by Analytica' buat th Mark Zuckerberg told lawmakers he was among the 87 million Facebook users whose data was improperly shared with Cambridge Analytica When asked if his data had been improperly used, he replied: "Yes." rev . He gave no further details. The problem of data privacy dominated the hearing, which was more focussed and antagonistic than the hearing. . In response to a series of questions on how people can remove data from Facebook, he said that i Facebook does "collect data on people who are not signed up for Facebook for security pea purposes." nk h He had no response when asked how a person who is not a Facebook member can remove information without first signing up for the service. Du and stay eksa
want to he start Page 3 North News: Rain forecast worries wheat farmers in Punjab and Harvana t th Widespread rain during the past few days in parts of Punjab and Haryana could delay the harvesting of the standing wheat crop by at least a week. A fresh western disturbance is expected to affect the region which could bring more rain in many parts of Punjab and Haryana. This forecast has increased the worry of the farmers * Analysts suggest that the crop condition is good and Punjab should produce a bumper wheat crop he this season, but if it rains more in the coming days, coupled with strong winds, then the wheat crop would absorb the moisture, which would naturally delay harvesting ar Wheat, the main rabi (winter) crop, is sown between late October and December, while the harvesting of the crop starts from April first week. The current wheat procurement season in Punjab and Haryana began on April 1 The farmers are made aware that they should keep their produce dry so that they don't face any problem in selling their crop. ck e nd tay that P
want to he start Page 4 West News: Protests against Ratnagiri refinerv to gain steam t th The world's largest producer of crude oil, Saudi Aramco is willing to buy 50% stake in the proposed $44bn refinery project in Maharashtra. The remaining 50% stake will be held by Indian Oil, Bharat Petroleum and Hindustan Petroleum pPeople in the Konkan region are up in arms at the signing of a MoU between State-owned oil he companies IOCL, BPCL and HPCL and Saudi Aramco to develop and build an integrated re refinery and petrochemical complex, the Ratnagiri Refinery & Petrochemicals Ltd The residents see the move as a betrayal by the government, as Industries Minister Subhash Desai ar and the Chief Minister had assured that the project will not be implemented against the local people's wishes Committee for Opposing Destructive Projects in Konkan, along with other local residents, had opposed the measurement of land to be acquired for the project. Accusations bv the committee members: nt ck e nd tay Successive governments are hell-bent on destroying the natural wealth and beauty of Konkan The earlier government brought in the Jaitapur nuclear power project and current government is set to force the oil refinery All political parties, including the ruling Shiv Sena, have extended support to local residents.
want to he start to s th CJI Misra said . Any woman subjected to a forceful or fraudulent marriage is at liberty to initiate civil action in the appropriate court. He pointed out that it was only recently, in the Hadiya case judgment on April 9, that the SC castigated the Kerala High Court for nullifying a marriage in an Article 32 petition Now, the SC cannot be expected to nullify a marriage in a writ petition re . It was up to a civil court to look into the facts of the case and take a decision on whether to nullify the marital bond or not Issuing notice to Karnataka, the court ordered the Delhi Police to provide her security throughout her stay c h nt Any woman subiected to a forceful marriage is at liberty to initiate civil action: CJI Mishra ck e nd tay that
want to he start Page 5 South News: Tirupati-Sri City has scope for huge investment: Naidu t th The proliferation of industries related to automobile, electronics and hardware in Andhra Pradesh will soon ensure creation of a sustainable ecosystem, according to Chief Minister N. Chandrababu ; Naidu At the Xiaomi supplier investment summit, Mr. Naidu held consultations with 38 global suppliers * re he of the mobile phone major Xiaomi India, and assured all support from the State to the participants. Industrial hub . The summit is expected to add a lucrative investment of $2.5 billions and create 50,000 jobs in the The companies were positively considering huge investments in the region between Tirupati and Tirupati-Nellore-Chennai is emerging as an industrial hub, especially for electronics, hardware and vicinity nt Sri City, where it has multiple manufacturing units. tay automobile-related products. Xiaomi, through its partner Foxconn, has already provided 15,000 jobs for women in its Sri City plants, while other mobile companies have employed 20,000 people. that P
want to he start Page 6 Nation News: 99% of MGN REGA wages remain unpaid, t th 99% of MGNREGA wages remained unpaid in April 2018, as per the findings ofthe NREGA Sangharsh Morcha that tracks the implementation of the rural emplovment guarantee law Rude shocks faced bv MGNREGA workers: ame pStagnant wage rates he . Unpaid wages . 99% of the Fund Transfer Orders (FTO) for MGNREGA wage payments remain unprocessed which were sent to the Public Finance Management. The bulk of FTOs of the last two months are also yet to be processed (86% of the FTOs of March and 64% of the FTOs of February) nt It claimed that while the Centre introduced the National Electronic Fund Management System (NEFMS) in January 2016 purportedly to streamline the process of MGNREGA payments, the system has only tightened the (Rural Development) Ministry's leash over funds FTOs processing are routinely withheld "* ck e nd tay Also, in NEFMS, States are no longer able to make payments to workers from their revolving funds to tide over delays in release of funds by the Ministry Revolving Fund: Account established to finance a continuing cycle of operations through amounts received, such as a working capital fund
want to he start Page 6 Nation News: 99% of MGN REGA wages remain unpaid, The release contended that in 2017, the government froze the processing of FTOs worth over Rs. 3,000 crore due to lack of MGNREGA funds. The release added, the situation of long and unpredictable delays in MGNREGA wage payments continues despite the ongoing PIL filed by Swaraj Abhiyan in which the SC has instructed the re overnment to ensure that workers are paid within 15 days of doing work. Question: Critically analyse the functioning of MGNREGA. [200 Words] ar s h nt LI ck e nd tay that
want to he start Page 6 Nation News: Olive ridleys start hatching at Rushikulya s thh Sporadic hatching of olive ridley eggs has started at the mass nesting site at Rushikulya rookery coast in Ganjam district of Odisha . The much awaited mass hatching of Olive Ridley turtles has started and the baby turtles are emerging from sandy pits and then crawling sea-ward near the mouth of river Rushikulya off me Ganjam coast. re hHatching also begun at four artificial hatcheries in the region. Eggs from areas beyond the mass nesting site were collected and incubated at these hatcheries. . This year 4,45,091 mother olive ridleys laid their eggs during the 7-day-long mass nesting. The mass hatching was delayed due to summer drizzles during the past few days which lengthened the incubation period from the usual 45 days. Buried under the sand, the eggs use ambient heat of the beach for incubation. Rainfall reduced the temperature of the eggs in the nests. o As mass hatching is again expected to start in the next few days, the forest department has begun ui the process to document the phenomenon by opening a centre at Gokhakuda. CCTVs have been * This year, no tourist or outsider would be allowed to step into the six to 7 kms long mass nesting . 3 special barricaded zones have been constructed for visitors at Bateswar, Podampeta and installed to check human intervention during the hatching process nd tay coast. Gokhakuda. Use of mobile phones by visitors has also been banned.
to Page 7 Nation News: 'Armed forces will buy the products thev need' a th India's armed forces could not be forced to buy more domestically produced military equipment if it did not meet their needs: Defence Minister Nirmala Sitharaman Defence Minister Nirmala Sitharaman said: Defence production capabilities should meet international standards and be export worthy. re he lay Ultimately, it is the final call of the three forces (The Army, Navy or Air Force) on the combination of equipment that they need, for them to be able to perform at their best and be prepared at all times . The government would finalise the Defence Production Policy soon and a consultation process was currently under way, Based on consultation with various stakeholders from industry, professional groups, academia and individuals and with other Ministries, the policy will be placed before the government for approval o Defence Secretary Sanjay Mitra said the Request For Information (RFI) for procuring 0 fighter aircraft was not a return of the scrapped Medium Multi-Role Combat Aircraft (MMRCA) project. "I don't think this is a re-run. This is a fresh RFI," he said. oid The Union government had scrapped the MMRCA tender after ordering 36 Rafale fighters from France in flyaway condition
to Page 7 Nation News: Focus will be on tie-ups: DRDO chief (contd. a th The P. Rama Rao Committee has recommended against the DRDO setting up more labs. But, without setting up more labs, it is expanding its horizons as and when it feels. DRDO chief asserted: The attrition rate is only .5% and there are normal retirements. he DRDO functions are on a par with the functions of the other research organisations in other parts of the world lay Its aim and determination have always been to meet the deadlines and DRDO has been taking every possible effort to deliver on time. 1 nd oid
to Page 10 News: Aadhaar linkage will protect people: UIDAI UIDAI has told the SC that Aadhaar linkage seeks to protect people from crime. Appearing before a Constitution Bench led by CJI Misra, the UIDAI countered the allegation raised by petitioners re The petition highlighted that insistence on Aadhaar stigmatises people and creates a feeling among Ihethe public that all are under the government's scanner for financial fraud, terrorism and tax lay evasion Justice D.Y. Chandrachud questioned the "proportionality" of subjecting the entire population . to the "level of intrusion" caused by Aadhaar linkage. He said such levels of intrusion may be justified in combating terrorism or in a case of national security, but asked why the public should be subjected to such intrusion of their privacy only to prevent any chances of tax evasion UIDAI ASG Mr. Mehta said: When a measure is uniformly applied, it does not mean that everyone is guilty. Administrative nd measures do not mean individualised suspicion oid The court was right that the govt. should not intrude into the privacy of the entire population merely to weed out a few crores, but when tax evasions amount to Rs. 33,000 crore, it is a serious
to Page 11 News: SC seeks Shah Jahan's 'signature' in Taj case a th . When the waqf board counsel told the court that Shah Jahan had himself declared it a waqf . The SC has asked the UP Sunni Waqf Board to show documents signed by Mughal emperor Shah heA Bench headed by CJI Misra, asked the board counsel to show it documents to substantiate that property, the Bench asked the board to show it the original deed executed by the Mughal emperor. Jahan to prove its claim that it owns the iconic Taj Mahal p re lay Shah Jahan, who had built the Taj Mahal in memory of his wife Mumtaz Mahal in 1631, had Wagfnama is a deed through which a person expresses intention to donate a property or . The court was hearing a 2010 appeal filed by the Archaeological Survey of India over the executed a 'waqfnama' in favour of the board. e an land for charitable purposes or wagf. ownership of the historic monument against the waqf board's decision to declare the Taj Mahal as nu its property. . The Bench also asked counsel how Shah Jahan could sign a document when he was imprisoned by is son Aurangzeb at the Agra Fort in 1658. Shah Jahan died in 1666 in the fort itself. .It told counsel that the 17th century monument and other heritage structures were taken over by the oid Brtish after the Mughal rule. After India's independence, the monuments came under the Government of India.
want to be starting to Page 11 News: Cattle Rules: Course Correction a th O L D RU L E S NE W R UL ES Animal market The new rules have eliminated the portions Earlier rules had an expansive definition of "animal on the 'lairage' and references to a slaughter market": ".a market place or a sale yard or any other house. Now an animal market means a market premises or places to which animals are brought from other places place or a sale yard or any other premises and exposed for sale or auction and includes any lairage adjoining or places to which animals are offered and a market or slaughterhouse and used in connection with it and anydisplayed for sale or auction. This includes an place and adjoining a market used as a parking area by visitors toanimal fair and a cattle pound, where animals the market for parking vehicles and includes animal fair and cattle are displayed for sale or auction pound where animals are offered and displayed for sale or auction" re he lay Monitoring committee A District Animal Market Monitoring Committee was mandated to ensure 16 conditions-including non-slip-that of adequate water, lighting, feed and pery floors, toilets and sand-pits for equines-were met storage area, proper manure disposal and to qualify for an animal market Replaced by a Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Committee to ensure only five conditions- provisions for disposal of carcasses- are met Cattle rules: Mamasa tionder a medmombeinternati alb der Animal markets were banned from being set up 25 km from a State border and 50 km off an international border not everedas so ces" fortra spetshould No such conditions imposed in the new draft. However animal markets near borders should not be used as "sources" for transport course correction Last year, the Environment Ministry brought Animal cruelty Rules laid out a number of practices that constituted cruelty power to "relax" rules as per "local condi- to animals such as hot branding, shearing of horns, castra tions": also restrictions on forcing an animal The cruelty-prevention committee has the in a set of rules that prescribed how animal nd tay to dance markets places where cattle and livestock are brought for sale-ought to be constituted and managed. The highlight was a prohibition on the sale of cattle for slaughter. After vociferous ionby uacks or healers and even forcing an animal to 'dance. The whole section is deleted Cattle for slaughter The section 'Restrictions on sale of cattle' was controversial. This specified that no animal, if it was oid protests, the government rescinded those rules intended for slaughter, could be brought to an animal market and proposed new ones via a draft made public Buyers had to attest that they were agriculturists and wouldn't sell their newly-bought animals for 6 months, among other conditions this week. Five key differences: COMPILED BY JACOB KOSHY
to Page 11 News: Maneka, Ministry at odds over nutrient packets. [Minister Versus Ministry Women and Child Development (WCD) Minister Maneka Gandhi finds herself at odds with her a th Ministry officials over the issue of food for anganwadi beneficiaries. While Ms. Gandhi wants"energy-dense, factory-made" nutrient packets as take-home ration fo pregnant women and lactating mothers as well as children between the age of 6 months and 3 . pyears, the Ministry is in favour of "sourcing food items such as dalia and khichdi, prepared with re locally available ingredients, from self-help groups As a result, two different draft nutrition guidelines were prepared, one by Ms. Gandhi and another by her Ministry, ahead of a meeting of the Nutrition Advisory Technical Board at NITI Aayog Arguments were made that complying with Ms. Gandhi's recommendations would imply a move towards "centralisation and corporatisation of anganwadi food". lay Maneka Gandhi suggested: . 30 packets for a month can be dispatched to a beneficiary through the postal department The daily allocation of Rs. 8 (for children between 6 months and 3 years) should be spent on nutrition and not on generating livelihood for women of SHGs. (The Supplementary Nutrition Rules, 2017, mandate engagement of self-help groups). nd As per the government's Supplementary Nutrition Programme, take-home ration is distributed oid to pregnant women, lactating mothers and children between the age of 6 months and 3 years, while children between 3 and 6 years get hot, cooked meals.
to Page 13 Business News: 'Petroleum, Finance Ministers can award hydrocarbon blocks' a th In line with the government initiative of ease of doing business, the Union Cabinet has given its approval for delegating the powers to Minister of Petroleum and Natural Gas and Finance Minister to award the blocks/contract areas to successful bidders under Hvdrocarbon Exploration and Licensing Policy (HELP) after International Competitive Bidding (ICB) based on the recommendations of Empowered Committee of Secretaries (ECS). Under HELP: re Blocks are to be awarded twice in a year. Delegating powers would expedite the decision-making process in awarding the blocks. e an Under the New Exploration Licensing Policy [which was in place before HELP was implemented in 2016] ECS considers the bid evaluation criteria (BEC), conducts negotiations with the bidders wherever necessary, and makes recommendations to CCEA on award of blocks. The CCEA approves the award of blocks. The entire process, including Inter Ministerial Consultations (IMC), is quite lengthy and time consuming. nd In a separate decision, the CCEA approved the issuance of a notification that would allow Coal India Limited (CIL) and its subsidiaries to extract coal bed methane (CBM) in their coal bearing areas without applying for a licence or lease under the Petroleum & Natural Gas Rules, 1959. . oid
to Page 13 Business News: Petroleum, Finance Ministers can award hydrocarbon blocks' a th With two major domestic carriers IndiGo and Jet Airways pulling out of the race for Air India and the Tata Group reported to be disinclined to bid, there is a growing chorus for "serious corrections'" to the terms of sale laid out by the government p . Key Challenges Huge Rs. 33,000-crore debt burden, which needs to be written off completely Government stake of 24%, which could be reduced to just a single golden share Full transfer of Air India staff. Other challenges include: the requirement from the bidder to operate Air India at arm's length a from its other businesses, mandatory IPO and freezing bidder's shareholding structure at Eo stage. re he lay k h Kapil Kaul of the Centre for Asia Pacific Aviation (CAPA) said: Liberalising conditions on retaining the brand and employees could possibly entice Jet and nd IndiGo to reconsider their decision. "No one will invest billions in Air India and face union disruptions and unexpected costs without firm commitment from the government." The Centre's deadline of completing the transaction by the end of the year was also unrealistic, given acquisitions take time. oid
to Page 14 Business News: 'Digital transformation to add $154 billion to India's GDP a th Digital transformation will add an estimated $154 billion to India's GDP by 2021 and increase the growth rate by 1% every year, according to a joint study by Microsoft and IDC Asia Pacific. In 2017, about 4% of India's GDP was derived from digital products and services created through e Aa Pacific', stated. pdigital technologies, the report titled 'Unlocking the Economic Impact of Digital Transformation in lay nd oid