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12th April 2018 Part-2: Daily News Analysis
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Haj Pilgrimage Rules

Jatin Verma is teaching live on Unacademy Plus

Jatin Verma
Have appeared in UPSC CSE thrice. Have been taking Unacademy Plus courses Academics- Polity, Economics & Current Affairs.

Unacademy user
Adarsh Raj
a year ago
when conflict b/w developmental work and locals arises , the conflicting points can be resolved with compensation from authorities because projects of national importance can not be compromised too. this compensation may be in terms of land , money or rehabilitation of the concerned people and that should be done with stringent measures on real time basis . there should be no compromise with the compensation too.
In Photovoltaic technology, photovoltaic (PV) cells convert sunlight directly into electricity. PV gets its name from the process of converting light (photons) to electricity (voltage), which is called the PV effect.
A solar cell, or photovoltaic cell, is an electrical device that converts the energy of light directly into electricity by the photovoltaic effect, which is a physical and chemical phenomenon.[1] It is a form of photoelectric cell, defined as a device whose electrical characteristics, such as current, voltage, or resistance, vary when exposed to light. Individual solar cell devices can be combined to form modules, otherwise known as solar panels. In basic terms a single junction silicon solar cell can produce a maximum open-circuit voltage of approximately 0.5 to 0.6 volts.[2] Solar cells are described as being photovoltaic, irrespective of whether the source is sunlight or an artificial light. They are used as a photodetector (for example infrared detectors), detecting light or other electromagnetic radiation near the visible range, or measuring light intensity.
when conflict b/w developmental work and locals arises , the conflicting points can be resolved with compensation from authorities because projects of national importance can not be compromised too. this compensation may be in terms of land , money or rehabilitation of the concerned people and that should be done with stringent measures on real time basis . there should be no compromise with the compensation too.
solar cell works in several steps: Photons in sunlight hit the solar panel and are absorbed by semiconducting materials, such as silicon.Electrons are excited from their current molecular/atomic orbital. Once excited an electron can either dissipate the energy as heat and return to its orbital or travel through the cell until it reaches an electrode. Current flows through the material to cancel the potential and this electricity is captured. The chemical bondsof the material are vital for this process to work, and usually silicon is used in two layers, one layer being doped with boron, the other phosphorus. These layers have different chemical electric charges and subsequently both drive and direct the current of electrons.[1]An array of solar cells converts solar energy into a usable amount of direct current (DC) electricity.
  1. want to be startin anses hoiag 2 but th Important News Articles Taking Delhi/Noida edition as the bas<e Page 1: It is CJI's right to allot cases: SC Page 1: Users own and control their data: Zuckerberg 12 World News: Zuckerberg gives evasive replies y has reve he # Page 12 World News: 'My own data was shared by Analytica' Page 3 North News: Rain forecast worries wheat farmers in Punjab and Haryana Page 4 West News: Protests against Ratnagiri refinery to gain steam Page 5 South News: Consent of bride inherent to Hindu marital law: SC Page 5 South News: Kerala Tourism to appoint 1,000 resource persons Page 5 South News: Hyderabad to tap rooftop solar potential Page 5 South News: Tirupati-Sri City has scope for huge investment: Naidu Page 6 Nation News: Centre for relook at Haj bar on disabled Page 6 Nation News: 99% of MGNREGA wages remain unpaid, hink h fferent et two bo a pu Ivi rk and t stay Page 7 Nation News: 'Armed forces will buy the products they need' Page 7 Nation News: Focus will be on tie-ups: DRDO chief achn Page 7 Nation News: New fund for defence enterprises

  2. but th Important News Articles Taking Delhi/Noida edition as the bas<e Page 10 News: Aadhaar linkage will protect people: UIDAI Page 11 News: SC seeks Shah Jahan's 'signature' in Taj case y has pPage 11 News: Cattle Rules: Course Correction reve he * Page 11 News: Maneka, Ministry at odds over nutrient packets Page 13 Business News: 'Petroleum, Finance Ministers can award hydrocarbon blocks' Page 13 Business News: 'Centre should make serious corrections in AI's sale terms' Page 14 Business News: 'Digital transformation to add $154 billion to India's GDP" hink h fferent et two bo a pu rk and t stay have

  3. want to he start Page 3 North News: Rain forecast worries wheat farmers in Punjab and Harvana t th Widespread rain during the past few days in parts of Punjab and Haryana could delay the harvesting of the standing wheat crop by at least a week. A fresh western disturbance is expected to affect the region which could bring more rain in many parts of Punjab and Haryana. This forecast has increased the worry of the farmers * Analysts suggest that the crop condition is good and Punjab should produce a bumper wheat crop he this season, but if it rains more in the coming days, coupled with strong winds, then the wheat crop would absorb the moisture, which would naturally delay harvesting ar Wheat, the main rabi (winter) crop, is sown between late October and December, while the harvesting of the crop starts from April first week. The current wheat procurement season in Punjab and Haryana began on April 1 The farmers are made aware that they should keep their produce dry so that they don't face any problem in selling their crop. ck e nd tay that P

  4. want to he start Page 4 West News: Protests against Ratnagiri refinerv to gain steam t th The world's largest producer of crude oil, Saudi Aramco is willing to buy 50% stake in the proposed $44bn refinery project in Maharashtra. The remaining 50% stake will be held by Indian Oil, Bharat Petroleum and Hindustan Petroleum pPeople in the Konkan region are up in arms at the signing of a MoU between State-owned oil he companies IOCL, BPCL and HPCL and Saudi Aramco to develop and build an integrated re refinery and petrochemical complex, the Ratnagiri Refinery & Petrochemicals Ltd The residents see the move as a betrayal by the government, as Industries Minister Subhash Desai ar and the Chief Minister had assured that the project will not be implemented against the local people's wishes Committee for Opposing Destructive Projects in Konkan, along with other local residents, had opposed the measurement of land to be acquired for the project. Accusations bv the committee members: nt ck e nd tay Successive governments are hell-bent on destroying the natural wealth and beauty of Konkan The earlier government brought in the Jaitapur nuclear power project and current government is set to force the oil refinery All political parties, including the ruling Shiv Sena, have extended support to local residents.

  5. want to he starting Page 5 South News: Consent of bride inherent to Hindu marital law: SC . The SC said consent is inherent in Hindu Marriage Act and it won't interfere to issue a declaration s thh separately. The order comes in response to a PIL which seeks to make free consent mandatory for the vaidation of a marriage. pA three-judge Bench said the Hindu Marriage Act inherently holds a forceful marriage or a he fraudulent one conducted without the woman's voluntary consent as invalid. re The court said there is no need for a judicial declaration when the statute itself is amply clear. The court was urgently hearing a writ petition filed by the daughter of an Karnataka politician, who fled to Delhi after her wedding as she did not approve of the marriage. She is now under the "advice" of the Delhi Commission of Women. She had approached the SC for protection and highlighted the plight of women who are married against their wishes. The SC issued a notice to the K'nataka govt and fixed the mater for further hearing on 5 May. Justice Chandrachud pointed to Sections 5, 11 and 12(c) of the Hindu Marriage Act, which stipulates 'consent' from brides as a pre-condition for a valid marriage The court said it would protect the woman in the case, but would not go into any other prayers in the petition. It said if the woman does not want to go back to her marital home, no one could compel her. However, the court can facilitate if she wants to return to Bengaluru . ar nt . ck e nd tay

  6. want to he start to s th CJI Misra said . Any woman subjected to a forceful or fraudulent marriage is at liberty to initiate civil action in the appropriate court. He pointed out that it was only recently, in the Hadiya case judgment on April 9, that the SC castigated the Kerala High Court for nullifying a marriage in an Article 32 petition Now, the SC cannot be expected to nullify a marriage in a writ petition re . It was up to a civil court to look into the facts of the case and take a decision on whether to nullify the marital bond or not Issuing notice to Karnataka, the court ordered the Delhi Police to provide her security throughout her stay c h nt Any woman subiected to a forceful marriage is at liberty to initiate civil action: CJI Mishra ck e nd tay that

  7. want to he start Page 5 South News: Hyderabad to tap rooftop solar potential t th Hyderabad has a rooftop solar potential of 1,730 MW of which 1,193 MW can be generated from residential areas. . This could lead to a reduction of power demand in the city by approximately 15% Rooftop Revolution study suggests that unleashing Hyderabad's Solar Potential requires a joint effort of Greenpeace India and Gujarat Energy Research and Management Institute. re . The study showed that apart from the residential sector, about 178 MW can be tapped from areas under the public and semi-public-use category. With India announcing a goal of 40 GW from rooftop solar sources by 2020, 1.73 GW can be . contributed from Hyderabad. The city has landmarks that can be utilised to generate rooftop solar power. These include: nt bo Structures on the Osmania University campus Both airports in the city Railway stations Hyderabad Metro Rail stations Telangana State Road Transport Corporation's bus depots. ck e nd tay The study underscored that despite the existing policies in the State, the deployment of rooftop Solar photovoltaic was poor and it also needs financial options for house-owners that P

  8. A step towards better India 1 th - Greenpeace Indla and Gujarat Energy Research and ManagementUNDER GHMC LIMITS Institute conduct a study in areas under 18 circles of GHMC . It is observed that despite the existing policies in Telangana, deployment of rooftop solar photovoltaic is poor Osmania University | Begumpet Railway HMRL Bus 1.193 Mw 231 MW LANDMARKS statlons depots Residential ca Multipurpose structures and RGIA stations re category (residential+ commercial) POWER G E N ERATIO POTENTIAL CIN KW) he 178 MW Public and 56 MW 5,100 3,187 679 3,000 Semi-public Commercial 700 category category : ar 54 MW Industrial category 8.8 MW Transportatlon category 5.9 MW Military category Switching to solar energy will help redhuce dependency on coal as a source ofenergy. nd

  9. want to he start Page 5 South News: Tirupati-Sri City has scope for huge investment: Naidu t th The proliferation of industries related to automobile, electronics and hardware in Andhra Pradesh will soon ensure creation of a sustainable ecosystem, according to Chief Minister N. Chandrababu ; Naidu At the Xiaomi supplier investment summit, Mr. Naidu held consultations with 38 global suppliers * re he of the mobile phone major Xiaomi India, and assured all support from the State to the participants. Industrial hub . The summit is expected to add a lucrative investment of $2.5 billions and create 50,000 jobs in the The companies were positively considering huge investments in the region between Tirupati and Tirupati-Nellore-Chennai is emerging as an industrial hub, especially for electronics, hardware and vicinity nt Sri City, where it has multiple manufacturing units. tay automobile-related products. Xiaomi, through its partner Foxconn, has already provided 15,000 jobs for women in its Sri City plants, while other mobile companies have employed 20,000 people. that P

  10. want to he start Page 6 Nation News: Centre for relook at Haj bar on disabled. The Centre has advised the Haj Committee of India to examine the "sensitive" provision that bars differently-abled persons from applying for the Haj pilgrimage. The Ministry of Minority Affairs' submission before the High Court came in response to a s thh ppetition filed in public interest challenging a provision in the new Haj policy, which debars persons he with disabilities from applying for the pilgrimage to Mecca re In the new Haj policy for 2018-22, there was no change with regard to the eligibility criteria for pilgrimage of Indian Muslims and the exact wordings about persons with disability used in the d previous policy for Haj 2013-17 were retained. ar The Ministry added that the Haj Policy Review Committee has not dealt with this issue in nt particular. Last year, the total quota allocated to India was 1,70,025, out of which 1,25,025 was allocated to ,., the Haj Committee and 45,000 to private tour operators ck e nd tay New Haj policv According to the petition, the new Haj policy, issued in November last year, debars "persons suffering from polio, tuberculosis, congestive and respiratory ailment, acute corona insufficiency, coronary thrombosis, mental disorder, infectious leprosy, AIDS or any other communicable disability or handicap" from applving for the pilgrimage GaW Where le

  11. want to he start Page 6 Nation News: Centre for relook at Haj bar on disabled New Haj policv (contd. The petition said the new policy is against the various provisions of the Rights of Persons with t th Disabilities Act, the Mental Health Act, and the National Mental Health Policy, which has equality and non-discrimination as its guiding principles. re le Necessary corrections . The Ministry sought to bring to attention the past practice thus: As per prevailing practice for more than 30 years, persons suffering from physical disabilities or suffering from specified diseases have been debarred from applying for Haj pilgrimage through the Haj Committee. However, it is said to be reviewed in terms of the Rights of Persons with Disabilities Act 2016, so that necessary actions or amendments can be made in the Haj policy ck e nd tay . The Ministry further added, "There is fear of stampede or mishaps. And in such gruelling situation, t is only the pilgrims with physical disabilities who are likely to suffer the most. that P par een th

  12. want to he start Page 6 Nation News: 99% of MGN REGA wages remain unpaid, t th 99% of MGNREGA wages remained unpaid in April 2018, as per the findings ofthe NREGA Sangharsh Morcha that tracks the implementation of the rural emplovment guarantee law Rude shocks faced bv MGNREGA workers: ame pStagnant wage rates he . Unpaid wages . 99% of the Fund Transfer Orders (FTO) for MGNREGA wage payments remain unprocessed which were sent to the Public Finance Management. The bulk of FTOs of the last two months are also yet to be processed (86% of the FTOs of March and 64% of the FTOs of February) nt It claimed that while the Centre introduced the National Electronic Fund Management System (NEFMS) in January 2016 purportedly to streamline the process of MGNREGA payments, the system has only tightened the (Rural Development) Ministry's leash over funds FTOs processing are routinely withheld "* ck e nd tay Also, in NEFMS, States are no longer able to make payments to workers from their revolving funds to tide over delays in release of funds by the Ministry Revolving Fund: Account established to finance a continuing cycle of operations through amounts received, such as a working capital fund

  13. want to he start Page 6 Nation News: Olive ridleys start hatching at Rushikulya s thh Sporadic hatching of olive ridley eggs has started at the mass nesting site at Rushikulya rookery coast in Ganjam district of Odisha . The much awaited mass hatching of Olive Ridley turtles has started and the baby turtles are emerging from sandy pits and then crawling sea-ward near the mouth of river Rushikulya off me Ganjam coast. re hHatching also begun at four artificial hatcheries in the region. Eggs from areas beyond the mass nesting site were collected and incubated at these hatcheries. . This year 4,45,091 mother olive ridleys laid their eggs during the 7-day-long mass nesting. The mass hatching was delayed due to summer drizzles during the past few days which lengthened the incubation period from the usual 45 days. Buried under the sand, the eggs use ambient heat of the beach for incubation. Rainfall reduced the temperature of the eggs in the nests. o As mass hatching is again expected to start in the next few days, the forest department has begun ui the process to document the phenomenon by opening a centre at Gokhakuda. CCTVs have been * This year, no tourist or outsider would be allowed to step into the six to 7 kms long mass nesting . 3 special barricaded zones have been constructed for visitors at Bateswar, Podampeta and installed to check human intervention during the hatching process nd tay coast. Gokhakuda. Use of mobile phones by visitors has also been banned.

  14. to Page 7 Nation News: Focus will be on tie-ups: DRDO chief (contd. a th The P. Rama Rao Committee has recommended against the DRDO setting up more labs. But, without setting up more labs, it is expanding its horizons as and when it feels. DRDO chief asserted: The attrition rate is only .5% and there are normal retirements. he DRDO functions are on a par with the functions of the other research organisations in other parts of the world lay Its aim and determination have always been to meet the deadlines and DRDO has been taking every possible effort to deliver on time. 1 nd oid

  15. to Page 10 News: Aadhaar linkage will protect people: UIDAI UIDAI ASG Mr. Mehta said (contd.): The government was conscious of the criticism that the entire population was stigmatised as tax evaders and money launderers, but as a welfare state, the "gravity of public concern" against corruption, black money and money laundering also had to be taken into consideration re he . Provisions like Section 139AA of the Income Tax Act, which mandates the linking of Aadhaar lay with PAN, is an effort to "bridge the growing gap between the rich and the poor." 1 nd oid

  16. to Page 11 News: SC seeks Shah Jahan's 'signature' in Taj case a th . When the waqf board counsel told the court that Shah Jahan had himself declared it a waqf . The SC has asked the UP Sunni Waqf Board to show documents signed by Mughal emperor Shah heA Bench headed by CJI Misra, asked the board counsel to show it documents to substantiate that property, the Bench asked the board to show it the original deed executed by the Mughal emperor. Jahan to prove its claim that it owns the iconic Taj Mahal p re lay Shah Jahan, who had built the Taj Mahal in memory of his wife Mumtaz Mahal in 1631, had Wagfnama is a deed through which a person expresses intention to donate a property or . The court was hearing a 2010 appeal filed by the Archaeological Survey of India over the executed a 'waqfnama' in favour of the board. e an land for charitable purposes or wagf. ownership of the historic monument against the waqf board's decision to declare the Taj Mahal as nu its property. . The Bench also asked counsel how Shah Jahan could sign a document when he was imprisoned by is son Aurangzeb at the Agra Fort in 1658. Shah Jahan died in 1666 in the fort itself. .It told counsel that the 17th century monument and other heritage structures were taken over by the oid Brtish after the Mughal rule. After India's independence, the monuments came under the Government of India.

  17. want to be starting to Page 11 News: Cattle Rules: Course Correction a th O L D RU L E S NE W R UL ES Animal market The new rules have eliminated the portions Earlier rules had an expansive definition of "animal on the 'lairage' and references to a slaughter market": ".a market place or a sale yard or any other house. Now an animal market means a market premises or places to which animals are brought from other places place or a sale yard or any other premises and exposed for sale or auction and includes any lairage adjoining or places to which animals are offered and a market or slaughterhouse and used in connection with it and anydisplayed for sale or auction. This includes an place and adjoining a market used as a parking area by visitors toanimal fair and a cattle pound, where animals the market for parking vehicles and includes animal fair and cattle are displayed for sale or auction pound where animals are offered and displayed for sale or auction" re he lay Monitoring committee A District Animal Market Monitoring Committee was mandated to ensure 16 conditions-including non-slip-that of adequate water, lighting, feed and pery floors, toilets and sand-pits for equines-were met storage area, proper manure disposal and to qualify for an animal market Replaced by a Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Committee to ensure only five conditions- provisions for disposal of carcasses- are met Cattle rules: Mamasa tionder a medmombeinternati alb der Animal markets were banned from being set up 25 km from a State border and 50 km off an international border not everedas so ces" fortra spetshould No such conditions imposed in the new draft. However animal markets near borders should not be used as "sources" for transport course correction Last year, the Environment Ministry brought Animal cruelty Rules laid out a number of practices that constituted cruelty power to "relax" rules as per "local condi- to animals such as hot branding, shearing of horns, castra tions": also restrictions on forcing an animal The cruelty-prevention committee has the in a set of rules that prescribed how animal nd tay to dance markets places where cattle and livestock are brought for sale-ought to be constituted and managed. The highlight was a prohibition on the sale of cattle for slaughter. After vociferous ionby uacks or healers and even forcing an animal to 'dance. The whole section is deleted Cattle for slaughter The section 'Restrictions on sale of cattle' was controversial. This specified that no animal, if it was oid protests, the government rescinded those rules intended for slaughter, could be brought to an animal market and proposed new ones via a draft made public Buyers had to attest that they were agriculturists and wouldn't sell their newly-bought animals for 6 months, among other conditions this week. Five key differences: COMPILED BY JACOB KOSHY

  18. to Exploration of CBM The decision will expedite the exploration of CBM, enhance the availability of natural gas and reduce the gap in demand and supply of natural gas The increased development activities for exploration and exploitation of CBM gas reserves in andi nd the block will generate economic activities which, in turn, has potential to create ^ Iheemployment opportunities in CBM operations and in the industries. lay nd oid

  19. to Page 14 Business News: 'Digital transformation to add $154 billion to India's GDP a th Digital transformation will add an estimated $154 billion to India's GDP by 2021 and increase the growth rate by 1% every year, according to a joint study by Microsoft and IDC Asia Pacific. In 2017, about 4% of India's GDP was derived from digital products and services created through e Aa Pacific', stated. pdigital technologies, the report titled 'Unlocking the Economic Impact of Digital Transformation in lay nd oid