Sign up now
to enroll in courses, follow best educators, interact with the community and track your progress.
Download
25th April 2018 Part-2: Daily News Analysis
6,127 plays

More
SAFAR

Jatin Verma is teaching live on Unacademy Plus

Jatin Verma
Have appeared in UPSC CSE thrice. Have been taking Unacademy Plus courses Academics- Polity, Economics & Current Affairs.

U
Unacademy user
Sir, We are facing Pakistan born Terror export, Deaths, War and so many since our independence, at least now we need to sideline every Pak Concern because one who can`t understand in last 70 years and still problem is lingering on in our borders which can't be ignored for our interest.We should not consider any concern of this nation but increase ties with China and other neighboring nations. Let the tension go on in the Relationship which is required to restore the long term piece. We might fail in our recent status quo of criticizing Pakistan at every forum but we know that this nation is not going to change the course of action against India in near future.
Sir, Can u assure us that DNA will come on daily basis w/o leaving a single day till 2nd of June 2018..... so that we can escape the reading of News Paper and rely on DNA till the exam and contribute that saved time to revision.
hey guys i have uploaded a course based on DAILY MOCK TEST SERIES FOR PRELIMS 2018
hey guys i have uploaded a course based on DAILY MOCK TEST SERIES FOR PRELIMS 2018
i have a question: hierarchy of courts in india is established under HC or SC? page 3.3 of laxmikant edition 4 says hierarchy is established under HC. please clarify.
  1. Important News Articles (Taking Delhi/Noida edition as the base) tth Page 1: Decision to reject motion timely, not hasty: Venkaiah Page 10: Decision to reject motion timely, not hasty: Venkaiah Page 10 : Strong proof needed, says Arun Jaitley re Page 1: No formalities: Xi, Modi to meet without aides Page 10: No formalities: Xi, Modi to meet without aides (contd.) Page 11: China signals shift in stance on border row Page 1: U.S. to end work permits for H-1B spouses Page 1: Construction prohibited in unauthorised colonies: SC Page 1 Delhi Metro: Construction prohibited in unauthorised colonies: SC (contd.) Page 3 North: Concern over decline in Indo-Pak. trade Page 5 South: Heralding Thrissur Pooram Page 7 Nation: 15 more bodies of Maoists found lag nt ay ; Page 7 Nation: New system to measure air quality s Page 7 Nation: No special quota for govt. doctors in PG course:s Page 7 Nation: ISRO recalls mega GSAT-11 from Kourou for re-tests


  2. Important News Articles (Taking Delhi/Noida edition as the base) tth Page 7 Nation: Remove references to leprosy as disability from law books: SC Page 10 News: Speaker must act as 'reasonable man' Page 10 News: Army set to break a glass ceiling r Page 10 News: Make sons responsible, says Modi he Page 10 News: Death by hanging not barbaric: govt. Page 11: Even Parliament has casting couch Page 12 World: Iran may quit NPT ifTrump scraps deal' Page 12 World: H-1B comes under immigration scanner Page 12 World: Cambridge Analytica is no bond villain: spokesperson Page 12 World: No consensus about conditions at Tihar jail Page 12 World: world EU, UN call for restart of Syria peace talks Page 13 Business: Predatory pricing rule stayed Page 13 Business: Centre seeks suggestions on long term capital gains clause lag nt ay s Page 13 Business: Defaulters owe SEBI 2,620 crore Page 13 Business: Oil tops S75 as sanctions on Iran loom Page 13 Business: Regulation of e-commerce necessary to protect consumers, spur growth


  3. want teo he starting Page 11: China signals shift in stance on border row at thh China said the upcoming summit between Chinese President and Indian PM in Wuhan was a trust- building exercise, which would gradually help resolve the border row and enable the two countries o address major global problems jointly This time, the two sides have decided to hold the informal summit between the two leaders. This is because both our countries attach great importance to each other on external strategy and not because of boundary question that still remains unresolved, and we need talk about it during the informal summit," Chinese vice-foreign Minister Kong Xuanyou said in response to a question during a media briefing. . e he .The Minister also spelt out a road map to settle "specific differences and sensitive issues," which e ar k h ent include the boundary question, following the Wuhan summit. No to BRI .Meanwhile, India declined to endorse the China-led Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) at the foreign u ministerial meeting of the eight nation Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO), despite the impending Xi-Modi talks and thaw in Delhi-Beijing ties. India had its name excluded from the list of SCO members, which backed the BRI .In her address to the SCO Foreign Ministers, External Affairs Minister, in an reference to the China Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC), which passes through Pakistan Occupied Kashmir, said connectivity projects must abide with the principle of sovereignty tis


  4. want teo he starting Page 1: U.S. to end work permits for H-1B spouses Aim is to prevent fraud and abuse in immigration system Ending work permits for spouses of H-1B visa-holders is one of the several measures being taken by the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) tor of the USCIS, said that the measures are meant to "ensure the integrity of the immigration 2 reve system." he * Economic interests He said these initiatives that target non-immigrant work programmes such as H-1B, aimed "to protect the economic interests of U.S. workers and prevent fraud and abuse in the immigration system." The plans include regulatory changes to remove H-4 dependent spouses from the class of aliens eligible for employment authorization, thereby reversing the 2015 rule that granted such eligibility. that par esen the


  5. want teo he starting at thh H Visas are for Skilled Workers The H visas are for temporary workers. The H Visas are of our special interest. The categories of H Visas are H-1B, H1B1, H1C, H-2A, H2B, H3 and H4. All of them are of Dual intent means employment or training . . H3 Visa is for industrial trainees and H4 Visa is for the spouses and families of H1, H2 and re H3 Visa professionals. e ar k h ent What is a H1-B visa? Generally, a citizen of a foreign country who wishes to enter the United States must first obtain a visa, either a non-immigrant visa for temporary stay, or an immigrant visa for ermanent residence. . Temporary worker visas are for persons who want to enter the US for employment lastin fixed period of time, and are not considered permanent or indefinite The US H-1B visa is a non-immigrant visa that allows US companies to employ graduate level workers in specialty occupations that require theoretical or technical expertise in specialized fields for a certain period of time tis that


  6. want teo he starting Page 1: Construction prohibited in unauthorised colonies: SC The Supreme Court prohibited any further construction not in conformity with the building by-laws at thh in 1,797 unauthorised colonies in Delhi and questioned the authorities' intent in regularising such colonies having illegal constructions. The apex court directed the Centre to immediately set up a special task force to oversee e enforcement of laws regarding unauthorised constructions, and asked it to remove encroachments hefrom public roads, public streets and the areas meant for pedestrians. Page 1 Delhi Metro: Construction prohibited in unauthorised colonies: SC (contd. A Bench of Justices Madan B. Lokur and Deepak Gupta, while refusing to vacate the stay at this stage on the proposed amendments in the Delhi Master Plan-2021, also sought details and figures on the status of groundwater level in the Capital since 2000 onwards. e ar k h ent . Senior advocate, said the building by-laws do not apply to constructions in unauthorised constructions, which has led to haphazard constructions in Delhi and nothing has been done despite u apex court's 2007 judgement on this issue .Additional Solicitor General (ASG), representing the Delhi Development Authority (DDA), said building by-laws would be implemented in such colonies before they are regularised. tis


  7. want teo he starting Page 3 North: Concern over decline in Indo-Pak. trade at thh Expressing concern over the declining trade between India and Pakistan due to escalation in tensions along the borders in recent months, Punjab CM and Pakistan's High Commissioner to India stressed the need for concerted efforts on both sides to ease tensions through people-centric measures. At an informal meet here, both agreed that the downslide in trade was detrimental to both the he countries. While Punjab CM favoured reviving the Indo-Pak Punjab games, saying sporting events could play a pivotal role in boosting people-to-people relations on both sides of the Punjab border .Mr. Mahmood said that more people-level contacts between the two nations could help pave the e ar k h ent way for long-term peace and stability in the regiorn Spirit of harmon . "It was important for the development and progress of both the countries that they work in a spirit u of harmony to promote the welfare of their respective people," said Mr. Mahmood .The games that were launched in 2004 from Patiala included hockey, cycling, athletics, gymnastics, polo, handball, wrestling, badminton, volleyball, tug-of-war, shooting and kabaddi. CM said that the enthusiasm with which these were received by sports persons and others from both sides was remarkable tis


  8. want teo he starting Prisoners' repatriation at thh Mr. Mahmood raised the issue of repatriation of prisoners from both sides who had completed their terms, saying that the clearances should be expedited for the purpose .An official statement said that both underscored the need for promoting bilateral trade as a means to further the peace process, and also strengthen the fundamentals in both the countries to facilitate e their economic and social development. They agreed that both India and Pakistan could ill-afford to alienate themselves from each other in the transforming global milieu, where the two nations were faced with many common threats and enemies . Mr. Mahmood, also met Haryana Chief Minister and pointed out that as there are lot of similarities between the countries, there should be an exchange from both sides in the field of sports and culture so as to strengthen bilateral relations. ent tis that


  9. want teo he starting Page 5 South: Heralding Thrissur Pooram at thh re he e ar Naithilakavu Bhagavathi, one of the participants of the Thrissur Pooram, opening the southern entrance to the Sree Vadakkunnathan Temple on Tuesday. This marks the ritualistic beginning of the pooram to be held on Wednesday. . . . NAEEB tis that en thec


  10. want teo he starting Thrissur Pooram at thh *Trissur Thrissur Pooram is the most colourful temple festival of Kerala The festival attracts large masses of devotees and tourists from all parts of Kerala. Celebrated in the Malayalam month of Medom (April-May) caparisoned elephant processions from neighbouring Krishna and Devi temples precede to the Vadakunathan Temple. re . Saktan Tampuran, the ruler of the erstwhile princely state of Kochi introduced this festival. he *Though held in the premises of Vadakkunathan temple, Vadakkunathan is a mere spectator of the event. * The best of the elephants will be displayed with panchavadyam (music by five percussion and wind musical instruments) followed by magnificent display of fireworks. e ar k h ent tis that


  11. want teo he starting Page 7 Nation: New system to measure air-d alind to develop a polution-forecast system that will at thh India is tying up with the United States and Finland to develop a pollution-forecast system that wl help anticipate particulate matter (PM) levels at least two days in advance and at a greater resolution than what is possible now. The Ministry of Earth Sciences (MoES) will be coordinating this exercise and the plan is to have a system in place by winter. he. Currently, the System of Air Quality and Weather Forecasting and Research (SAFAR), run out of the Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology, Pune, serves as the apex forecaster of pollution trends in Delhi, Mumbai, Pune and Ahmedabad It generates a likely air quality profile, a day in advance, for these cities. IITM is an organisation k h under the MoES. ent The new system, to be jointly developed with expertise from the Finnish Meteorological Institute and the U.S.' National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, will use a different modelling approach as well as computational techniques from that employed in the SAFAR model tis that


  12. want teo he starting Better resolution SAFAR will continue to be the backbone [for pollution forecast] but this system, which will require our scientists to get special training, will use a different method of analysis. This could mean better resolution and more accurate forecasts. A key focus would be to develop forecasts around the "stubble-burning season" that adds to Delhi's pollution woes in the winter. This refers to the partially-burnt straw and chaff from fields in Uttar at thh hePradesh and Haryana, when farmers are preparing their fields for the sowing season. Earlier, the Union Environment Ministry released a draft of the National Clean Air Programme (NCAP) that aims to improve air quality monitoring in India by increasing the number of e ar k h ent ollution monitoring stations and, incorporating it into a pollution forecast svstem. Page 7 Nation: No special quota for govt. doctors in PG courses . The Supreme Court declined a petition seeking exclusive quota for 'in service doctors' in admission to postgraduate medical degree courses A five-judge Constitution Bench led by Chief Justice of India dismissed an application for interim relief to stay Regulation 9(4) and (8) of the Medical Council of India's Post Graduate Medical Education Regulations of 2000 The provisions provide reservation to in-service doctors in postgraduate diploma courses and not . for degree courses tis


  13. want teo he starting Technical checks at thh The satellite and its foreign launch, estimated at R1,117 crore, was formally approved by the Union Cabinet in March 2016. Mathieu Weiss, space counsellor in the French embassy in Bengaluru and MD of the India liaison office of French space agency CNES (which is associated with the Ariane rocket design,) said, "These things happen in the space sector. We fully understand that the customer has to make thorough technical checks. The spacecraft being an exceptional satellite, one has to be super cautious in launching it. We will do everything to accommodate ISRO in a forthcoming launch." re he k h While GSAT-11 will have to be tested, cleared in the city and flown back to Kourou at least a month before it is launched, its new launch date is not known yet. ent pun tis that


  14. want teo he starting Unique situation' .VP's order gives rise to a unique situation in law. Experts are divided on whether the Chairman at thh could have actually refused the removal motion on merits. Experts point out that the problem lies in the fact that Section 3 (1)(b) of the Judges Inquiry Act of 1968 is silent on whether the Chairman or the Speaker can decide on merits. E Sr lawyer, who spearheaded the campaign by advocates against former Sikkim High Court Chief Justice, recalled that then Vice-President Hamid Ansari merely "entertained their petition and forwarded it to the Judge Inquiry Committee . "He [Mr. Ansari] did not pass an order finding the merits or de-merits...," Ms. Vaigai said. Former Chief Justice of India K.G. Balakrishnan, who was the top judge during the removal motion process of Calcutta High Court judge Soumitra Sen, recalled that there was no separate process for admission or rejection of motion at the level of the statutory authority [Rajya Sabha Chairman/Lok Sabha Speaker] ent The answer to the conundrum may be found in the Krishnaswami judgment wherein the Constitution Bench held that though it is the "individual discretion" of the Speaker or the Chairman to admit or refuse a motion, this discretion is expected to be of a "reasonable man" who acts with a "high degree of responsibility'" The court interpreted that the power of the Chairman/Speaker extends to only verifying whether the motion is based on "sufficient material or evidence tis


  15. want teo he starting Page 10 News: Make sons responsible, savs Modi at thh Prime Minister said sons have to be made more responsible for a safe environment for daughters and asserted that the promulgation of an ordinance on rape showed that the Centre had acted on people's outrage on sexual crimes against minors Days after the government approved the ordinance allowing courts to award the death penalty to those convicted of raping girls below the age of 12 years. PM also called for a social movement to heensure the safety of girls. "There is a government in Delhi which listens to your voice and takes decisions. So, the Centre has made a provision for capital punishment to the monstrous intent," he said. . "Families will have to enhance the honour and respect of daughters. Families should also make e ar k h ent their sons more responsible. In this way, the safety of daughters would not be a difficult task," PM said .He also mentioned measures taken by the government for the welfare of tribals and farmers and ur asked the elected representatives of panchayats to ensure that these steps were implemented tis that


  16. want teo he starting Page 10 News: Death by hanging not barbaric: govt. . Death by hanging is "not barbaric, inhuman and cruel" as an execution by a firing squad or lethal at thh injection is, the Centre told the Supreme Court. The government traced statistics of "botched-up" administration of lethal injections to condemned prisoners in the U.S. to prove its point that this mode of state execution is only "designed to create ean appearance of serenity and painless death". Besides, the lethal chemical, if known to the public, e would possibly be misused Likewise, the government graphically detailed the horrors of death by firing squad. How, if the shots missed the heart, the prisoners slowly bled to death. Besides, it would be very difficult to find * volunteers for the firing squad from the country's civilian police force. e ar k h .The government was responding to a PIL petition filed by advocate Rishi Malhotra challenging the constitutionality of hanging as a mode of execution. Section 354 (5) of the Code of Criminal Procedure mandates that a person sentenced to death shall "be hanged by the neck till he is dead". ur tis that


  17. procedure by which a death sentence is to be executed is dependent upon a variety of factors such as 'O.. economic feasibility, availability of skilled and technical personnel, equipment and resources, rate The Centre said the mode of execution was a "matter of legislative policy". The government said between 2012 and 2015. The Law Commission recommendation to confine the death penalty for of botched executions," the counter-affidavit said. he the death penalty was given only in the rarest of rare cases. There have been only three executions 0 offences of terrorism and war against the country was under examination.


  18. want teo he starting Page 12 World: Iran may quit NPT if Trump scraps deal . A senior Iranian official said on Tuesday that Tehran might quit a treaty designed to stop the spread of nuclear weapons if U.S. President scraps the nuclear accord Iran signed with world powers in 2015. U.S. President has said that unless European allies fix what he has called "terrible flaws" in the accord by May 12, he will restore U.S. economic sanctions on Iran, which would be a severe blow to the r pact. h . In a news conference broadcast on state television, the secretary of Iran's Supreme National Security la Council, Ali Shamkhani, said the Atomic Energy Organisation of Iran was ready for some "surprising actions" if the nuclear deal was scrapped. Answering a question about the possibility of Tehran withdrawing from the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT), Mr. Shamkhani said: "This is one of three options that we are considering.'" Iran has been a non-nuclear-weapon state party to the NPT since 1970. Iranian President also warned U.S. President to stay in the nuclear deal or face "severe Consequences Iran has said it will ramp up its nuclear programme if the deal collapses. . In a UN non-proliferation conference in Geneva, Russia and China submitted a draft statement expressing "unwavering support" for the Iran nuclear accord and said they hoped it would receive a broad backing


  19. want teo he starting Page 12 World: H-1B comes under immigration scanner . The U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) is taking forward proposals to end work at thh permits for spouses of H-1B visas holders In December 2017, the U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS) had announced that it was planning to make changes in the rules that allowed a certain category of H-4 visa holders re spouses of H-1B visa holders -to obtain Employment Authorisation Documents (EAD) he The Barack Obama administration allowed EAD for them in 2015 after several years of debate. A court case challenging the rule is pending and the DHS is expected to submit its proposed changes in the rules in May to the court. According to USCIS data, 1,04,750 H-4 visa holders have been issued EAD until 2017. Most of them are Indians and most of them are women e ar k h ent . In an April 4 letter to Senator Charles E. Grassley, USCIS Director Francis Cissna said the agency had announced the curbs earlier and the public would have an opportunity to provide feedback during a notice and comment period, as is the case with all regulatory change. Series of steps No deadline has been specified for these steps. Mr. Cissna had written a similar letter to a group of 15 lawmakers in March also, after they sought the continuation of the H4 EAD tis


  20. want teo he starting Page 12 World: Cambridge Analytica is no bond villain: spokesperson The work carried out by SCL Elections in India would be considered by an independent at thh investigation looking into work conducted by the group across the world, Cambridge Analytica said i at a press conference as it sought to counter what it described as "unfounded" and "pernicious" allegations and a "torrent of ill-informed and inaccurate speculation" about its gathering of data and p role in elections. he"Cambridge Analytica is no bond villain," insisted the company's new spokesperson Clarence Mitchell Wylie's testimon e ar Last month, giving evidence to a parliamentary committee, former employee Christopher Wylie had , said that the group had worked for the Congress Party, and subsequently made public some of the work carried out by the group's SCL Elections, including caste-based research for State elections. ent "Cambridge Analytica was focussed on the U.S. market- purely handling the U.S. matters. SCL u Elections is the global arm that handles other areas. All of these national issues and national associations are part and parcel of the independent investigation," Mr. Mitchell told the press conference on Tuesday tis


  21. want teo he starting Page 12 World: No consensus about conditions at Tihar jail at thh India's efforts to extradite Sanjeev Kumar Chawla, who stands accused in the 2000 cricket match fixing scandal, continued as New Delhi sought an appeal in the high court. .Last year, District Judge had ruled that Mr. Chawla could not be extradited despite there being a prima facie case against him because of overcrowded conditions, endemic violence, and lack of medical facilities at the Tihar iail he.Acting on behalf of India, Crown Prosecution Barrister Mark Summers said that the defence's case, by relying largely on "sensational" news reports, and "outdated figures", did not cross the threshold of evidence, and hence the judge "fell into error" . He added that there was "no international consensus" about the conditions alluded to at Tihar He defended India's decision not to allow an independent inspector to review conditions at Tihar, as had been requested by the defence. "That is not an easy choice for a requesting state," he told Lord Justice Leggatt and Justice Dingemans at the hearing at the Royal Courts of Justice. e ar k h ent . tis that


  22. want teo he starting Violence in jail . While figures suggested that the overcrowding was to a far lesser degree than suggested by the at thh defence - particularly after the expansion of Delhi's jail network from nine to 16violence was limited to "occasional outbursts", he said prison conditions. The decision to not allow the assurance as it came three weeks late, was a The defence had done little to "rebut the underlying assumption of good faith" and the assurances He also questioned the decision to exclude a second assurance sought by the court from India on he"breach of case management", he said. around the amount of personal space, security and medical care that would be provided to Mr. Chawla at Tihar, he said. He also sought to highlight evidence of improving conditions. "This is not an administration that is blind or deliberately closing its eyes." However, defence barrister Helen Malcolm sought to challenge the picture of Tihar and the Indian jail system more widely. She pointed to a number of incidents since the previous ruling, including u incidents in which prisoners were alleged to have been beaten up by authorities, and two deaths in custody this year India's tendency to dismiss accusations of poor prison conditions or mistreatment as "maligned or trumped up" gave her "no confidence" whatsoever, she said ent stay tis


  23. want teo he starting These assertions seriously undermine the credibility" of assurances from India, she told the court, adding that there was a "complete failure to engage with genuine concerns" at thh .During a lengthy discussion over the decision to exclude the second assurance from India, one of the judges said judges needed to be given flexibility on the management of cases. He also criticised a number of aspects of New Delhi's response, including lack of details when it came to the issue of violence. He highlighted an instance when Brazil, which had sought an heextradition, presented "detailed evidence" The case comes in the backdrop of India's efforts to extradite Vijay Mallya to Arthur Road Jail. Alan Mitchell, an international prison expert, was a defence witness in both cases, and in both cases sought to highlight difficult conditions in Indian jails, which both defence teams have sought to use . e ar ent Page 12 World: world EU, UN call for restart of Svria peace talks The European Union and the United Nations on Tuesday called for swift political talks to end the long war in Syria, saying the latest territorial gains by Damascus and its allies had not brought peace any closer. The UN special envoy for Syria, Staffan de Mistura, spoke at a donor conference. Reuters stay tis en thec


  24. want teo he starting Page 13 Business: Predatory pricing rule stayed at thh Bharti, Idea get relief as TDSAT stays TRAI's norm on tariffs The Telecom Disputes Settlement and Appellate Tribunal (TDSAT) has ordered an interim stay on some clauses of TRAI's recent regulation for tariff principles on predatory pricing. . In a relief to older operators -Bharti Airtel, Idea Cellular and Vodafonethe TDSAT on e Tuesday stayed the new definition of Significant Market Player (SMP), while directing that no penalty be levied on telecom operators for not complying with the new norms for tariff reporting. ."The clauses in the impugned order related to the reporting requirement and definition of SMP are stayed," the TDSAT said in its order. "This interim arrangement shall continue until further orders in this regard," it added. e ar k h ent Details may be sought' The tribunal added that while the regulator was entitled to ask for details of segmented discounts or concessions offered to subscribers for analysis, "no penalty shall be imposed on that basis till further orders are given in the ongoing appeals" by Bharti Airtel and Idea Cellular. In its tariff order issued in February and intended to ensure transparency, non-discrimination and non-predation, the Telecom Regulatory Authority of India had said the definition of SMP for the purpose of predatory pricing would be based on just the subscriber base and gross revenue and not subscriber base, turnover, switching capacity and volume of traffic, as determined earlier . tis


  25. want teo he starting Page 13 Business: Defaulters owe SEBI 2.620 crore at thh More than 1,800 entities have defaulted on the payment of penalties to the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI), according to the latest list released by the regulator. .While the maximum number of cases pertain to violations in the shares of various listed entities, the defaulters' list includes individuals and companies who have been penalised for various other stock market violations such as failing to address investor grievances, irregularities in initial public offerings (IPOs) and non-compliance with listing regulations. The capital market watchdog will be richer by almost 2,620 crore if all the defaulters decide to clear their outstanding penalties at one go. The list includes all defaulters as on March 31 on the basis of orders passed until December 31 While the amount of outstanding penalties may appear huge given the long list of defaulters, a significant portion of that amount is pending from just one entity PACI te he . e ar k h ent 'Mobilised 49,000 cr.' .In September 2017, the regulator imposed a penalty of 2,423 crore on PACL, which SEBI said had raised money from the public in the name of agriculture and real estate businesses through illegal collective investment schemes over a period of 18 years, helping the entity mobilise 49,000 crore. The monetary penalty followed a three-year-old order directing PACL to refund R49,100 crore to investors in its schemes. tis


  26. want to be startine a .As per the SEBI list, some defaulters have avoided payment of penalty for almost two decades. While the oldest case goes back to December 1998, four more cases have been pending since 2000. While the regulator did not earlier have any direct powers to initiate recovery proceedings against defaulters, the government gave the watchdog powers in 2013 to attach assets of such entities and go ahead with recovery proceedings. . . "SEBI now has powers to recover penalties by attaching and selling assets of defaulters," said ."Earlier, there were no such powers and SEBI could only go to the courts for prosecution or pass .There was no direct recovery mechanism. But now, SEBI has dedicated recovery officers as wel h managing partner, Alliance Law. further orders for non-compliance he added. at that