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16th April 2018 Part-1: Daily News Analysis
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Jhum cultivation; Panic button;

Jatin Verma is teaching live on Unacademy Plus

Jatin Verma
Have appeared in UPSC CSE thrice. Have been taking Unacademy Plus courses Academics- Polity, Economics & Current Affairs.

U
Unacademy user
Nb
thank u sir Series wise hi hai chapter..
M M Ali
a year ago
Most welcome
Nb
Neel burman
a year ago
sir sanskrit k note b chahiye.. plz kuch suggestion dijiye
पेड़ो की जड़े चट्टानो को कमजोर कर देती है, किंतु जब बारिश होती है तो बूंदे सीधे मिट्टी पर न गिरकर पेड़ो के द्वारा धीमी गति से नीचे आती है। इसके अतिरिक्त जो जड़े मिट्टी के उपर होती है वह पानी का कुछ हिस्सा रोक लेती है और मिट्टी वही पर बैठ जाती है।
पेड़ो की जड़े चट्टानो को कमजोर कर देती है, किंतु जब बारिश होती है तो बूंदे सीधे मिट्टी पर न गिरकर पेड़ो के द्वारा धीमी गति से नीचे आती है। इसके अतिरिक्त जो जड़े मिट्टी के उपर होती है वह पानी का कुछ हिस्सा रोक लेती है और मिट्टी वही पर बैठ जाती है।
Really good analysis. However, there must be an option of increasing the speed as it's available on you tube, so that we can save time in listening by enhancing the speed
there is on web version not on app
A
the chip in DTH will invade the privacy of a individual...you cannot collect data without permission and order to install a chip in every DTH.
sir please continue mcq course
  1. for Monday'ganw forward to reWARMING look forward toit GLOBAL Wakort has top start sea ar stacea Daily News Analysis thi Parliamentary Committees ris DealTHE HINDU, pho even pO as Judicial Over-reach CAG Slams Govt. Indian express, Tol, Livemint for 16th April, 2018 e ga Act olicy ayIut hadhe Oliver &for nanded by many a that Khan also a puralso Daily News Analysis Legislative Adventurism been no witact Troim .austrial Productio that it ha witten toor o months receveh financial crisis a pu Meltdow. China's Belt & Road Is there a need for Stimulus By Jatin Verma


  2. To access Searching for "jatin verma" - Daily Editorials EDUCATORS DNA - PIB Summary MCQs You can follow me Jatin Verma Mahesh Verma on Unacademy Facebook ID: jatinverma0509 unacader


  3. want to be startin anses hoiag 2 but thh Important News Articles (Taking Delhi/Noida edition as the base) Page 2 East News: Nagaland loses soil heavily due to 'jhum Page 7 Nation News: Govt. ties up with IIT-Delhi for safety switches on vehicles y has pl Page 7 Nation News: Chip in for viewership data, says I&B Ministry he # Page 10 News: Arun Jaitley takes oath as Rajya Sabha member for new term reve Page 10 News: Pakistan denies Sikh pilgrims consular access Page 11 News: PMLA will need more changes Page 12 World News: Modi's visit could see pacts on migrants, Ayurveda centre Page 12 World News: U.S. will impose new sanctions on Russia Page 13 Business News: 'Robust exports can help India grow at 890, Page 13 Business News: 'NPAs, high debt level to ebb in 6-9 months' Page 13 Business News: 'Closing down firms will not help local economy' Page 13 Business News: E-tailers may have to clarify if they profiteered from GST cut Page 13 Business News: India to ally with China on 'Asian premium' Page 14 Business Review: What demonetisation did to tax collections hink h causeb ferent et t a pu OLIse rk and t stay


  4. want to be startin anses hoiag 2 a th Data Point Protected places of worship More than a thousand temples in the country are under the protection of the Archaeological Survey Madhya Pradesh: 96 Maharashtra: 89 Uttar Pradesh: 132 re he of India (ASI), with Karnataka accounting for the largest number (nearly 250) The numbers vary amongst states, but 5 states: Karnataka,Uttar Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Madhya Pradesh & Maharashtra - account for more than 60% such temples. 1 nd Karnataka: 242 Tamil Nadu: 120 oid Source: Lok Sabha Q& A 121 Temples 242 that par een th


  5. want to be startin anses hoiag 2 a th Page 2 East News: Nagaland loses soil heavily due to 'jhum' * Nagaland loses an average 30.62 metric tonnes of soil area per hectare annually due to 'jhum' . The department's annual report of 2017-18 says the average loss of land area in Nagaland is in the This leads to destruction of prime agriculture and forest lands due to landslides, flash floods shifting cultivation, a report by the State's soil and water conservation department says. re form of soil erosion and 'turbulent velocity of runoff and sedimentation. The report says: 1,35,339 rural households practice shifting cultivation on 5.71% of the State's geographical area. . Soil degradation: Traditional jhum' using a vast area leads to soil degradation, ultimately affecting productivity of the land. The combination of topography and high rainfall during monsoon makes the State vulnerable to heavy run-off and soil erosion. nd Though officials and agriculture experts have been educating farmers about the ills of shifting cultivation, the number of households practising the traditional system of farming has been increasing. The department's annual report for 2015-16, for instance, said 61% households rely on 'Jhum' on 5.65% of the total geographical area of the State.


  6. want to be startin anses hoiag 2 a th it. The report attributed 70% of soil depletion, degradation of land and deterioration of water resources to shifting cultivation Agriculture scientist say: mo Changing conditions have given a bad name to 'jhum' that has stood hill-dwellers in the \ Northeast in good stead for ages. The prime reasons why this traditional system is failing are pressure on land because of increase in population and reduction in hum, cycle from 20-30 years to about five years now re he nd oid that


  7. want to be startin anses hoiag 2 a th Page 7 Nation News: Govt. ties up with IIT-Delhi for safety switches on vehicles . Under pressure on the issue of safety of women in the country, the government has turned to technology for a solution. The Ministry of Electronics and IT in partnership with IIT-Delhi is working on a switch- re based device in cars and buses to aid safety of women and to ensure help in case of distress while he travelling in public transport The proposed panic switch system when invoked will generate a loud alarm in the vehicle which will attract public attention, and send the coordinates of the person to a server (police control a room) to provide necessary heljp e Ensures svstem health: bo The system will include features such as authenticating the driver of the vehicles and a camera" interface nd The system is designed to monitor the health of the switch, whether it is in proper working condition or not, and it will also enable tamper proof operation. oid The first version has been field tested and the final version is expected in May, 2018 for cars and by August, 2018 for buses.


  8. want to be startin anses hoiag 2 eand he prolsal From Nirbhava fund: The project, being developed by IIT-Delhi, is being funded by the Nirbhaya Fund, set up in 2013 for implementation of initiatives aimed at enhancing the safety and security of women in the country. However, the government has been facing criticism for under- utilisation of the fund re The total number of crimes registered against women in the country during the year: 2014 - 3,39,457 cases 2015 3,29,243 cases - 2016 3,38,954 The above data shows a mixed trend with a decline of 3.0% in 2015 over 2014 and an increase of.. 2.9% in 2016 over 2015, as per the g overnment data * In 2016, the government had announced plans to make it mandatory for mobile phone makers to ,u provide a panic button on the device, starting January 2017. nd However, the plans were delayed by almost a year. The trial for the system finally started in U.P earlier this year. oid that par een th


  9. want to be startin anses hoiag 2 awe.ranted to show the boss what a th Page 7 Nation News: Govt. ties up with IIT-Delhi for safety switches on vehicles (contd.) Helping hand One Stop Centres (OSC), which provide support services for survivors of gender violence, were Launched under Nirbhaya Scheme. Map shows the money disbursed under the OSC to States. Himachal Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh top in fund allocations Himachal Pradesh 825.72 lak PANIC SWITCH: In 2016, the Centre asked cellphone makers to provide panic buttons on all devices. The scheme will rollout for cars in May 2018 and buses in August 2018 s an Key features of panic switch scheme: Chhattisgarh was the first State to have One Stop Centres in all its 27 districts Switch will be tamper proof Pressing the button will produce Uttar Pradesh 500-51 lakh a loud noise - Send distress signal to the police OSC data for West Bengal and Delhi are ck e nd tay Andhra Pradesh #612.29 lakh not available (e lakh) 12.9 419.3 825.7 SOURCE: LOK SABHA Q&A fere par een the


  10. want to be starting to Page 7 Nation News: Chip in for viewership data, says I&B Ministry The Information and Broadcasting (I&B) Ministry has proposed the installation of a chip in new at thh television set-top boxes to collect data on channels watched, with duration. The move is aimed to get "more authentic" viewership figures for every channel This would help advertisers and the Directorate of Advertising and Visual Publicity (DAVP) to spend their advertising expenditure wisely The Directorate of Advertising and Visual Publicity (DAVP) is the nodal agency of the g government for advertising by various Ministries and its organisations The proposal was part of the Ministry's response to a number of recommendations made by the TRAI on issues related to new direct-to-home licenses The Ministry also "feels that Doordarshan viewership is under-reported" and if the chip is installed, it would give the real viewership figures of the channel The move is seen to end the monopoly of the Broadcast Audience Research Council India u (BARC), which measures the television audience preferences in the country. re he e ar k h ent The BARC does not reveal how they arrive at the viewership figures, methodology they apply and the area of survey But TRAI, in its response to the Ministry's suggestions, said, if the Ministry desires its recommendation on this issue, it may send a separate reference to TRAI as per the provisions of the TRAI Act, 1997 ts that


  11. cranted to show the hos ht Page 10 News: Arun Jaitlev takes oath as Raiva Sabha member for new term The Finance Minister Arun Jaitley took oath as a Rajya Sabha member for a new 6-year term. Mr. Jaitley, who has been working from the controlled environment of his home after being diagnosed with a kidney ailment, was administered the oath of office in the chambers of Rajya Sabha Chairperson re he Elected to the Rajya Sabha from Uttar Pradesh last month, this special swearing-in ceremony was done because of the Finance Minister's health condition Mr. Jaitley had been re-appointed as a Leader of the Rajya Sabha following his election from Uttar k h Pradesh but could not be sworn in because of ill-health ent The Finance Minister had stopped attending office in North Block since April 2. Cancelling his scheduled overseas trips, Mr. Jaitley tweeted to confirm his illness. ts that


  12. Page 10 News: Pakistan denies Sikh pilgrims consular access at thh India accused Pakistan of violating diplomatic protocols after Islamabad allegedly prevented meetings between visiting Sikh pilgrims and Indian diplomats. India said that by not allowing such a meeting, Islamabad had shown inexplicable diplomatio discourtesy. re A standard practice has been that the Indian High Commission consular/protocol team is attached he with visiting pilgrims, to perform consular and protocol duties, like helping out in medical or family emergencies. However, this year, the consular team has been denied access to Indian Sikh pilgrims. e ar * Islamabad even compelled the Indian envoy to return while on way to a prominent gurudwara there. As per MEA, a group of around 1800 Sikh pilgrims was on a visit to Pakistan from Apr 12 under a bilateral agreement on facilitating visits to religious shrines. Lodging a protest with Pakistan, India said these incidents constitute a clear violation of the Vienna Convention of 1961 on diplomatic relations, the bilateral Protocol to visit Religious Shrines, 1974 and the Code of Conduct of 1992, _for the treatment of diplomatic/consular personnel in India and Pakistan. 'No meeting': The team could not meet the pilgrims on their arrival at the Wagah railway Station on April 12. Similarly, it was denied entry into Gurdwara Panja Sahib on April 14, for a scheduled meeting with pilgrims there. Is


  13. want to be startin anses hoiag 2 cranted to show the hos ht to Page 11 News: Prevention of Money Laundering Act will need more changes at thh India wi have to make money laundering an explicitly standalone offence to upgrade its compliance ahead of the on-site mutual evaluation by the Financial Action Task Force (FATF), which is due in November-December 2020. FATF is an international body that sets global standards for fighting illicit finance. (p he Among the key recommendations of the FATF, is that money laundering be made a standalone Despite several amendments, the Prevention of Money Laundering Act (PMLA) remains a This means a case under the Act depends on the fate of cases pursued by primary agencies such as offence. k h predicate-offence-oriented law. ent the CBI, the IT Department or the Police. The latest instances are the verdicts in the 2G spectrum and Aircel-Maxis cases by the CBI courts, in which the money laundering angle probed by the Enforcement Directorate fell apart Karnataka case: On the issue of attachment of assets, however, the Karnataka High Court, in a 2016 judgment, appreciated the agency's stand that money laundering was a standalone offence in view of Sections 5 and 8 amended in 2013,_read with the definition of 'property' in Section 2(1(v) of the Act ts that


  14. want to be startin anses hoiag 2 cranted to show the hos ht to Page 12 World News: PM Modi's visit could see pacts on migrants, Avurveda centre at thh Efforts to give new impetus to the Commonwealth and U.K.-India bilateral relations wil get under way, as a Commonwealth business forum kicks off ahead of the Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting (CHOGM) that Prime Minister Narendra Modi will attend in London. . The Commonwealth Business Forum, which will bring together business leaders and political figures from across the Commonwealth, would explore ways of raising intra-Commonwealth trade from around $525 billion in 2015 to around $700 billion by 2020, alongside looking at some of the contemporary challenges and opportunities around technology, skills, and protectionism. The CHOGM meet is to take place alongside Mr. Modi's bilateral visit to the U.K., in which a range of issues, including immigration, technology cooperation and education, will be in the frame. he e ar k h ent . Diaspora event: Ahead of the CHOGM meeting, Mr. Modi will arrive in the U.K. for the bilateral visit, during which he will hold meetings with U.K. PM, Prince Charles and the Queen, alongside a diaspora event in central London . The two meetings with Mr. Modi held by Ms. May will be seen as part of efforts by Britain to emphasise its eagerness to forge closer ties with India, amid growing scepticism and concern about Britain's ability to secure lucrative post-Brexit trade deals. ts that


  15. want to be startin anses hoiag 2 cranted to show the hos ht ant to Page 13 Business News : 'Robust exports can help India grow at 8%, at thh India can achieve more than 8% growth rate in a sustained manner if it takes steps to revive investments and make exports competitive, said an Asian Development Bank (ADB) Economist. In its Asian Development Outlook, 2018, the ADB said it expects India's growth to pick up to 7.3% in current fiscal and accelerate to 7.6% in the next financial year. (ADB) Economist said: Efforts will have to be made to streamline agriculture marketing and improve supply chain. This is the area where there is scope for more reforms. Right now, the investment and exports drivers are really not firing... Once those two engines fire up India can sustainably grow at 8%. India was still a "marginal player" in global trade and there was a lot of potential to increase exports. As Chinese exports are becoming expensive because of rising wages, India can reap u* benefits by improving competitiveness e ar ent - Ease of Doing Business and state of infra need to be improved to get the benefit from trade and be better integrated into the value chain. Lot more reforms would be needed in infrastructure and regulatory policies, if India wants to achieve a double digit growth Credit to infrastructure and industry is picking up, which is a positive sigin ts that


  16. want to be startin anses hoiag 2 cranted to show the hos ht at thh Page 13 Business News: 'NPAs, high debt level to ebb in 6-9 months . It may take at least 3 quarters before the twin balance sheet problem of banks (saddled with NPAs), and highly leveraged corporates, gets resolved: Assocham. Twin balance sheet problem: The stress on balance sheets of banks due to NPAs and heaviy indebted corporates. re he e Assocham said: The process of resolution of the companies under Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code (IBC) reference would gather pace in the coming months. e ar k h ent - It would take another 6-9 months before the banks see revival of confidence to lend afresh as they would then see reasonable amount of their NPAs get unlocked through a resolution. Besides, with sales growth expected to witness a revival, the ability to service debt would improve considerably. Assocham Secretary urged RBI to relax norms proposed on the revised framework for resolution a of stressed assets, claiming that they were harsh both on the banks as also borrowers. ts that


  17. want to be startin anses hoiag 2 cranted to show the hos ht to Page 13 Business News: 'Closing down firms will not help local economy' at thh With the Tamil Nadu Pollution Control Board (TNPCB) rejecting the application of Sterlite Copper seeking renewal of its consent to operate its plant at Thoothukudi, the Vedanta Group unit finds itself facing a fresh challenge. Since its inception several summers ago, the copper smelter project in the port town had witnessed eWhen it is in the midst of a Rs. 2,500-crore expansion plan to double capacity, problems have Some locals and green brigades have mounted a campaign against the expansion on the ground The denial of consent, in the meanwhile, to operate the existing plant by the TNPCB for want of Sterlite Copper CEO said: testing times. re he begun to revisit the unit. that the smelter had been a source of pollution and risk to fisheries more clarifications had further complicated situation for the company e ar k h ent Given the current situation, it will take some time for a dialogue to commence. Sterlite is reaching out to the community on a daily basis. Efforts are to keep the channels of communication open so that a win-win solution can be arrived at for all parties. Sterlite is trying to create more awareness among community through various media. The plant was under regular maintenance, which is a planned activity once in every 3-4 years. ts that


  18. want to be startin anses hoiag 2 cranted to show the hos ht to Page 13 Business News: E-tailers may have to clarifv if they profiteered from GST cut at thh . The National Anti-Profiteering Authority (NAA) in GST w soon reach out to e-commerce companies seeking responses on whether they profiteered from sale of good after reduction in the GST rates. rp If, after investigation, t is found that the e-commerce companies profiteered from the reduction in he GST, they will be asked to identify buyers and refund the tax amount to them. In case, they are unable to identify the buyers, they wil have to deposit the amount in the Consumer Welfare Fund e ar . Till now, FMCG major, HUL had deposited about R120 crore in the fund while last week almost ent 13 crore was deposited by Nestle. * The NAA, whose formation was approved by the Cabinet on November 16, a day after the u government announced sharp reduction in the GST rates on a large number of items of mass consumption, is mandated to ensure that the benefits of the reduction in GST rates on goods or services are passed on to the consumers by way of a reduction in prices. The authority had so far received about 250 complaints from consumers via its website. "Of these some are suo moto cases. We are working towards making consumers aware that they can come to us with complaints," NAA Chairman said ts that


  19. LT cranted to show the hos ht Page 13 Business News: E-tailers may have to clarify if they profiteered from GST cut (contd.) FMCG, real estate: Majority of complaints are against firms in real estate and the FMCG sector. The complaints include selling goods at an MRP that did not reflect the revised GST rates The benefits of input tax credit received by a business not being passed on to the end consumer. re he NAA has now partnered with community social network Local Circles to reach out to the people as part of their awareness campaign on the issue. e ar k h ent ts that


  20. want to be startin anses hoiag 2 cranted to show the hos ht to at thh Page 14 Business Review: What demonetisation did to tax collections The argument about whether demonetisation was good or bad for the economy refuses to die down even a vear after the event. Former RBI Governor Raghuram Rajan took potshots at it in a recent speech. Former RBI Governor Raghuram Rajan highlighted: re he While one can endlessly debate, with very little data, on whether the ban on high-value currency notes dealt a body blow to terrorism, corruption and counterfeiting, one area in which its impact can be quantified with data is tax compliance. e ar k h In the last 16 months, there has been a lot of premature analysis on India's tax compliance metrics based on sporadic data points cited by the Finance Minister and tax officials. But with the deadline for FY17 return filings ending on March 31, official data on direct tax collections for FY17 and ,u. FY18 is available. This makes an objective analysis possible on what demonetisation did to India's - tax base. The news is mostly good Better collections: India managed a second consecutive year of strong growth in its direct tax collections in FY18. Net collections (gross mop ups minus refunds) increased by 17.1% in the just concluded fiscal year, to Rs. 9.95 lakh crore. This was after a 14.6% increase in the mop ups in FY17. ts that


  21. want to be startin anses hoiag 2 cranted to show the hos ht ant to at thh Former RBI Governor Raghuram Rajan highlighted (contd.): . More filers: The direct tax collection numbers put out by the CBDT include mandatory deductions by way of the much-hated TDS. (It accounts for 1/3rd of the collections each year) In FY14, 3.79 crore IT returns were filed by taxpaying entities (this includes individuals, small businesses and companies) Over the next two years to FY16, this number crept up to 4.36 crore. That's a 15% addition over two years. But the latest CBDT data (provisional) tells us that the number of filings zoomed to 6.84 crore by the end of FY18. That's a 57% increase in the last two years (2.48 crore new filings) re he e ar Once a citizen begins to file returns, a contribution to direct tax collections must inevitably follow. Better compliance would eventually provide headroom for the Centre to prune down IT rates. Tax base estimate ent In the latest Budget, the Finance Minister pegged India's current direct tax base at 8.27 crore ui taxpaying entities. The official definition of 'tax base' sweeps in all assessees who have filed their IT returns in the last three years, and adds in those who paid TDS Now, the Indian population featured 25 crore households as per the last Census. If one assumes agricultural households to make up about 40% of that number, (given that agricultural income is exempt from tax) potential tax-paying households (or entities) can be guesstimated at about 15 crore. A tax base of 8.27 crore makes up well over half of this number


  22. want to be startin anses hoiag 2 cranted to show the hos ht Former RBI Governor Raghuram Rajan highlighted (contd.): . Of the estimated population of 132 crore, the working population is estimated at about 40% (52.8- at thh crore). If half of the workforce is assumed to be engaged in agriculture, that's a potential tax base of 26 crore individuals. With individual income tax payers already topping 6 crore, it is clear that a p fourth of those who owe income tax are already paying tax he Detractors will point out that, though India's tax base has grown at a furious pace in the last couple re of years, the CBDT's tax collections haven't kept pace with the number of newbies joining the tax system e ar . But hopefully, as India's income levels improve over the next few years and it transitions into a ent middle-income economy, these new return filers will graduate into the higher tax slabs and cough- up their due share of taxes . This should pave the way for the government to loosen up on its anti-evasion measures and rune its sky-high income tax rates ts that


  23. TAX REVENUE IN THE BACKDROP OF NOMINAL GDP GROWTH Tax revenues have risen despite tax Net collections rose 17.1% in FY18. 2 rates having been stable in the last after a 146% increase in FY17, couple of years, with only minor increases Compared with growth in the previous in surcharge and cess two years, these numbers are healthy (ELAKH CR.) p 200 TAX COLLECTIONS NOMINAL GDP (PERCENTAGE) MORE FILERS SOURCE: CBD 25 IN CR.) GROWTH IN DIRECT TAXES % re he NO OF IT RETURNS FILED SOURCE: CBDT TIME SERIES DATA, PIB PRESS RELEASE, CSO PROVISIONAL/ADVANCE ESTIMATES GROWTH IN NOMINAL GDP % TAX BUOYANCY, TIMES 150 e ar k h 100 15 ...FY14 FY15 FY16 FY17 FY18 . The number of IT returns filed in the two years ended FY16 rose 15%. Growth in filings for the next two years zoomed to 57% 50 10 5 Tax buoyancy has risen in the last two years. A higher buoyancy number signifies highers compliance FYO8 FYO9 FYTO FY11 FY12 FY13 FY14 FY15 FY16 FY17 FY18 0.5 0.9 0.9 0.9 1.0 1.10.8 0.6 1.3 1.7 ts that


  24. Thank you Jatin Verma 155k Followers Follow Ratings & Reviews Roman Saini A great course by Jatin Verma where he has literally covered all the important news from The Hindu. Must watch. Mohit Rai If i achieve my aim, my first salary will go to this great individual making this great informative and well-researched videos. I should take this opportunity to thanlk and congratulate him for the wonderful work he is doing for all the aspirants. He is meticulous and almost perfect in his approach and understanding. Please keep making such videos as a single 26k Enrollments Enroll