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19th April 2018 Part-1: Daily News Analysis
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BCCI and Article 12 of Constitution

Jatin Verma is teaching live on Unacademy Plus

Jatin Verma
Have appeared in UPSC CSE thrice. Have been taking Unacademy Plus courses Academics- Polity, Economics & Current Affairs.

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Articles in Constitution Article 25. Freedom of conscience and free profession, practice and propagation of religion. Article 26. Freedom to manage religious affairs. Article 27. Freedom as to payment of taxes for promotion of any particular religion. Article 28. Freedom as to attendance at religious instruction or religious worship in certain education institutions.
artical 12 of indian constitution tells About defination of "the state" includes the government and parliament of india and the government and the legislature of each of the states and all local or other authorities within the territory of India or under the control of the government of india...
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  1. for Monday'ganw forward to reWARMING look forward toit GLOBAL Wakort has top start sea ar stacea Daily News Analysis thi Parliamentary Committees ris DealTHE HINDU, pho even Judicial Over-reach 80 Indian express, Tol, Livemint for 19th April, 2018 as AG Slams Govt. e ga Act olicy ayIut hadhe . Oliver &for nanded by many a es that Kha also a puralso Legislative Adventurism Daily News Analysis been no witact Troim .austrial Productio that it ha witten toor o months receveh financial crisis a pu Meltdown China's Belt & Road Is there a need for Stimulus By Jatin Verma

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  4. want to be startin anses hoiag 2 but thh Important News Articles Taking Delhi/Noida edition as the bas<e Page 1: Make BCCI a public body: law panel Page 1: No pollution-reduction targets in Central plan y has ph Page 7 Nation News: National portal to share research facilities soon he * Page 7 Nation News: Minority institutions panel gets court relief reve Page 7 Nation News: Centre proposes relaxation of coastal regulation zone norms Page 7 Nation News: Olive Ridleys return for rare mass nesting Page 10 News: More to cash crunch than supply issues Page 10 Nation News: People have lost trust in banks: Chidambaram Page 11 News: Why stall Aadhaar, asks UIDAI Page 11 News: Modi and May resolve to reduce barriers Page 12 World News: China stresses on ties with Nepal, India Page 13 Business News: 'Bank credit: can't be business as usual' hink h causeb ferent a pu t stay Page 14 Business News: Design in India needs policy push, says ALL's Dasari

  5. want teo he starting Page 1: Make BCCI a public bodv: law panel at thh The Law Commission of India recommended to the government that the 90-year-old Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI) should be declared a public body. The board and all its member cricket associations should be brought under the Right to Information law regime. The Law Commission of India, in its 128-page report, said: re The board's monopolistic activities, directly and indirectly, affect the fundamental rights of citizens, players, and other functionaries. A private citizen should be able to move the highest court against the BCCI for any violation of his fundamental rights. The board has been "flying under the radar of public scrutiny and encouraged an environment of h opacity and non-accountability." .It has created "an impression in the minds of the general public that corruption and other forms of malpractices are adversely affecting one of the most popular sports plaved in India" e ar ent "The BCCI should be held accountable, under all circumstances, for any violations of basic human rights of the stakeholders," the commission recommended to the government. The commission, which is the government's highest law advisory body, concluded that the BCCI exercises 'state-like' powers in the regulation of cricket, and thus, comes under the definition of 'state.' tis

  6. want teo he starting The Law Commission of India said (contd.): The BCCI virtually acts as a National Sports Federation (NSF). at thh The commission recommended that the Ministry website should explicitly mention BCCI in the list of NSFs. This would automatically bring it within the purview of the RTI Act Listing some of the reasons why it concluded that the BCCI is a "limb of the state", the commission pointed out how the cricket board, as an entity, is permitted de facto by the state to represent the country at the international stage - It selects the Indian cricket team. 60 95 he e ar k h ent The selected players wear the national colours and are the recipients of Arjuna awards The ICC recognises BCCI as the 'official' body representing India and neither the government, nor BCCI have ever challenged, discussed or changed the status. The commission highlighted the political significance wielded by the BCCI tis that

  7. Page 1: Make BCCI a public body: law panel (contd.) at thh The then Sports Minister informed Lok Sabha that govt, treats BCCl as a national sports federation as it approves its events After the IPL spot fixing controversy the Supreme Court appointed Lodha Committee to suggest reforms in the BCCI The Committee mooted sweeping reforms in board's structure, functioning While ruling in 2016 that the BCCI was not 'State' under Article 12, the SC said Private club or public authority? Given its financial status and commercial success, the BCCl has been the envy of the national bodies of other sports. But itis also losing its private character over the years Registered under TN. Societies Registration Act, it was a charitable organisation under Section 12A of the Income Tax Act. This status was withdrawn in December 2009, with effect from June 2006 L FOR it was amenable to writ jurisdiction as it performed public functions' Draft 'National Sports Development Bill, 2013 favoured all national sports federations being treated as public authorities under the In Jan. 2017, the SC appointed a four-member committee to run the BCCI In June 2017, the CIC favoured bringing the BCCl under the RTI Act Right to Information Act es that

  8. want teo he starting Page 1: No pollution-reduction targets in Central plan at thh Despite the worsening of the air quality in the cities, the government has refrained from specifying pollution-reduction targets in its draft National Clean Air Programme (NCAP) The Environment Minister had earlier said the programme would aim to reduce pollution in specific cities by 50% in five years re The NCAP was conceived as a detailed strategy to ensure that cities across the country, meet he specified air quality norms National Clean Air Programme (NCAP) It envisions setting up 1,000 manual air-quality-monitoring stations (a 45% increase from the present number) and 268 automatic stations (triple the current 84) k h ent - It also, for the first time, plans to set up pollution-monitoring stations in rural areas. The NCAP follows up from the Environment Ministry's submissions to the SC The Ministry submitted in the court that it was taking steps to address air pollution not only in Delhi but in around 100 cities stay The ministry said, in the coming 3 years, it will bring down pollution in these cities by 35% and in the next 5 years by 50% Environment activists said the omission of targets was surprising given that they were deliberated upon in ministerial discussions last vear when the NCAP was being gestated tis

  9. want teo he starting Page 7 Nation News: National portal to share research facilities soon Centre for Nano Science and Engineering (CeNSE) at the Indian Institute of Science, Bengaluru at thh has proposed that any college/institution or research organisations would soon be able to check, i reserve and have easy access to expensive research equipment and facilities anywhere in India. . The centre is in the process of collating information about scientific and research equipment and facilities available at academic institutions and research organisations across the country. re he Online reservation . The portal: Indian Science, Technology and Engineering Facilities Map (I-STEM), wil soon o The institutions and organisations that have the equipment and facilities will provide access to 'Many benefits' become operational. The government green signalled the project last month. e ar researchers for both academic and non-academic work through an online reservation system. ent It will provide access to researchers to any equipment or facility that has been procured using ui public funds. It will avoid duplication of expensive equipment as much as possible It will bring down the cost of doing research in India. It will provide access to sophisticated device fabrication and analytical equipment to any academic researcher in the country Chairman of CeNSE says, it is not at all the intent of this initiative to stop such institutes from procuring Essential equipment but to ensure that each instrument is better used tis

  10. Page 7 Nation News: Minority institutions panel gets court relief Context: The apex court overruled a Calcutta High Court judgment which set aside the NCMEl decision to grant minority status to Cluny Women's College. The SC held that the National Commission for Minority Educational Institutions (NCMEI) has original jurisdiction to determine which institution should be granted minority status A Bench of Justice A.K. Goel said the Constitution granted a fundamental right to all minorities whether based on religion or language (Article 29), to establish and administer educational institutions of their choice . The wide power given to an independent forum like the NCMEI to declare an institution as a minority educational institution, furthered the fundamental right guaranteed under Article 30 The judgment said: at The NCMEI Act empowered the Commission "to decide all questions relating to the status of an institution as a minority educational institution and to declare its status as such." Section 11(f) would include the declaration of the status of an institution as a minority educational institution at all stages. The NCMEI had the power to decide any question that might arise, which relate directly or indirectly, with respect to the status of an institution as a minority educational institution NCMEI could declare an establishment as a minority educational institution "at all stages" par even Gal. where

  11. want teo he starting Page 7 Nation News: Minority institutions panel gets court relief The 2006 amendments to the NCMEI Act introduced a "sea change" to the Commission's powers. The 2006 amendments even conferred powers of appeal against orders of the competent authority to the NCMEI. at thh eA power of cancellation was also vested in the NCMEI to cancel a certificate granted either by hean authority or the NCMEI. e ar k h ent tis that

  12. want te be starting sa to Page 7 Nation News: Centre proposes relaxation of coastal regulation zone norms at thh * According to a draft version of the proposed modification to India's coastal regulation zone plan made public on the Environment Ministry website, the Centre has allowed India's coasts to be made more accessible to tourism and industrial infrastructure and given individual States considerable leeway to decide how they should plan such development The coastal regulatioin p zone (CRZ 2011), refers to regions in the proximity of India's 7000-km-long shoreline where buildings, tourism facilities, industrial projects, residential facilities etc are highly regulated. he In most cases it begins from the high tide line (HTL) to about 500 metres towards the landward side The zone is subdivided into regions, with varying leeway for infrastructure development, a depending on population and ecological sensitivity. k h ent According to current laws, CRZ-1 is off-limits for tourism activities and infrastructure development except for defence, strategic and rare public utilities projects As per the new CRZ 2018 notification, "nature trails and eco-tourism activities" may be permitted in CRZ-1 regions, provided they conform to state-approved coastal zone management plans. stay CR7-1.includes the most ecologically sensitive areas between 0 to 100 metres CRZ-2 covers areas that have already been developed up to or close to the shoreline CRZ-3 covers areas that are relatively undisturbed and those which do not belong to either Category-1 or 2. Is sha

  13. want teo he starting anted Page 7 Nation News: Centre proposes relaxation of coastal regulation zone norms (contd. at thh Sea change Coastal zone rules, 2011 stal zone rules, 2018 500 METRE LINE LAND HIGH TIDE No development in CRZ Eco-tourism activities such as 1, the most ecologically sensitive zone, except for trails, among others, in identified defence, strategic purposesstretches, subject to permissions re he mangrove walks, tree huts and nature 1DENOTES CRZ 1 2 DENOTES CRZ2 3 DENOTES CRZ3 3 DENOTES CRZ 3 NDZ 3" DENOTES CRZ3 LOW TIDE LINE The 500-metre CRZ is apportioned into 4 subdivisions There are now further subdivisions within these 4 regions. For instance, the CRZ-1 is split into CRZ-la and CRZ-1b and CRZ-3 has 3a and 3b 200-500 METERS DENOTES CRZ 4 4 500 METRES LINE 100 METRES LINE Coastal Regulation Zone CRZ shall apply to the land area shall apply to the land between high tide line to on the landward side of creeks, 100 metres on landward side estuaries, backwaters of creeks, estuaries, rivers and rivers 200 METRES LINE between high tide line to 50 mts nd LAND NO DEVELOPMENT ZONE HIGH TIDE States have no discretion 50 metre-limit after approval of State SEA

  14. want teo he starting Recommendations of Sailesh Navak Committee: 1. at thh The Committee proposed changing the definition of No Development Zone. It is reduced from 200 metres from the high tide line to 100 meters only. This has been done to meet increased demands of housing of fishing and other traditional coastal communities. The committee acknowledged the discrepancy in baseline data demarcating the High Tide Line, the Low Tide Line and the coastal zone boundary which has created difficulties in preparing Coastal Zone Management Plan. The Committee observed that such plans are essential for the proper implementation of any CRZ notification It recommended that except for activities covered under environmental clearances, the state governments along with the local authorities should be left in charge of managing coasts in towns, rural areas as well as the waters up to 12 nautical miles. These relaxations are only for activities not covered under Environment Impact Assessment Notification 2006. Opening of seas for reclamation of lands for a range of activities allowed: Citing'larger public interest' the panel has said that land can be reclaimed for ports and harbours, fisheries-related activities and other infrastructure The Committee proposed new, lightly regulated tourism in the No Development Zone. Determining the list of restrictive activities has been recommended to be left to the states and Centre will involve itself with matters that come under Environmental regulations. 2. te ie 3. e ar k h ent 4. stay 5. 6. tis

  15. want teo he starting Page 10 News: More to cash crunch than supply issues at thh GRAPH-1 18,000 16,000 14,000 12,000 10,000 Source: RBI A look at cash in circulation in February 2018 shows that it has peaked, increasing steadily after hitting a trough in December 2016 (after demonetisation) [Graph 1]. The rise in cash use has resulted in an increase in the cash-GDP ratio to 10.7% in the present year from a low of 8.8% for FY 2016-17. But it is still lesser than the 11.6% before demonetisation. Currency in circulation (E bn p re 8,000 Oct. Dec. 2016 2016 Oct. Jan 2017 2018 e ar . A look at the growth rates in GDP and cash in ci every two years since 2012 [Table 1] shows that the latter has grown slower than the GDP rates hinting at a possible unmet demand in cash. k h TABLE-1 Source: CMIE, RBI Change Growth Growth in years in GDP in un (at market prices) currency . If the cash-to-GDP ratio did not precipitously decline due to the artificial withdrawal of cash during demonetisation and had remained more or less intact, the cash requirements should have been much higher for the economy. stay 2018-16 21.71 2016-14 22.53 25.71 2014-12 28.58 22.27 9.46 tis

  16. want teo he starting Page 10 News: More to cash crunch than supply issues at thh GRAPH-2 A look at PoS transactions shows that there has not been an appreciable growth. Combined with mobile wallet payments (which went up but remained low-Rs.131 bn), (Left axis) -POS amount ( mn) (Right axis) ATM withdrawal (E mn)Mobile wallet amount ( mn) (Right axis) 30 lakh 6 lakh This is not enough to mitigate the unmet cash demand. The economic affairs secretary, pointed to a slew of possible reasons, including the lack of adequate deposits of Rs. 2,000 due to hoarding . Hoarding could not only be a cause for the unmet demand but could also be a consequence of it, as people tend to hoard if they perceive that itt is difficult to access or withdraw money Despite the RBI's denial of a cash crunch, the Secretary's statement about printing new Rs. 500 notes suggests that there is indeed a case of an unmet demand in cash, which is acute in some States such as Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Madhya Pradesh and Bihar The cash crunch seems a consequence of both demand and supply issues. te 20 lakh 4 lakh 10 lakh 2 lakh 0 0 July 2016 Jan. 2017 July 2017 Jan. 2018 tis

  17. want teo he starting Page 10 Nation News: People have lost trust in banks: Chidambaram at thh The former Finance Minister P. Chidambaram said that Cash Crunch could be a sign of "loss of confidence" in the banking system because of the bank scams Mr. Chidambaram said: He suspects ordinary people are withdrawing cash and not putting back into banks their surplus There is some loss of confidence in the banking system due to the bank scams. After demonetisation, govt printed Rs 2000 notes. Now, govt is complaining that Rs 2000 notes . cash. re he ATMs are still being re-calibrated even 17 months after demonetisation are being hoarded. Rs 2000 notes were printed only to help hoarders, he said. k h ent tis that

  18. want te be starting sa to Page 11 News: Why stall Aadhaar, asks UIDAI. at thh UIDAI said that it was better to improve Aadhaar rather than stall the scheme or make it "collapse". Appearing before a five-judge Constitution Bench led by CJI Misra, one of the senior advocate, Mr. Dwivedi said the Aadhaar scheme was meant to provide recognition, identity and dignity to rethe masses he. Senior advocate, Mr. Dwivedi said: Human beings want more and more recognition. It is much better to make it work improve it. Change can be brought to the rules. Aadhaar helps in the real world Nobody could say "I will choose my identity". Conditions of authentication for Aadhaar were not restrictions, but "regulatory conditions". Aadhaar was called "unique" because it had a pan-Indian appeal unlike other forms of local identities (i.e. ration cards) e ar k h ent Justice Chandrachud countered There should be a "choice of identities" available to citizens for them to access welfare and services. It could not be said that a person could be identified only through Aadhaar. The demand for a certain kind of identification, such as biometrics, should not exceed the objective of the purpose. Is where le

  19. want teo he starting at thh Justice A.K. Sikri, on the Bench, reminded that the main issue projected by the petitioners was not just about identities, but also the aggregation of personal data in a central storage system Justice Chandrachud said biometrics did not give information. But aggregation of biometric activities of a person might lead to the mapping of a person's life. reMr. Dwivedi said the UIDAI did not aggregate personal data and it was not possible to conceive a situation when authentication was done by only one requesting entity. Authentication, over a period of a person's life, would be done by many requesting entities e ar k h ent tis that en thec

  20. want teo he starting The joint statement from the Prime Ministers read "We share a global outlook and commitment to a rules-based international system that strongly opposes unilateral actions that seek to undermine that system through force or coercion," U.K. PM offered reassurances that the transition period to leaving the EU, set for the end of 2020, Would give Indian firms and investors the visibility they needed up to this period The issues discussed also included: re e The chemical weapon attacks in Syria and Salisbury The release of the Chennai Six former British soldiers released by Indian authorities last year. e ar k h ent tis that

  21. thh China's Foreign Minister and State Councilor Wang Yi said (contd.): China can also provide conditions for an economic corridor connecting China, Nepal and India and it will contribute to the development and prosperity of all three countries . He pointed to Nepal's geography, its linkages with both China and India, as the basis of trilateral re he Nepal on its part wants to leverage its geographical advantage and connect China and India for greater development. And Nepal stands as a natural beneficiary from sound cooperation from China and India. China and India should supportt. Nepal and China had agreed to start a feasibility study for a cross-border railway linking the countries . nt. nd that

  22. want teo be starting Page 13 Business News: 'Bank credit: can't be business as usual' t th RBI Deputy Governor said RBI's latest norms for the resolution of stressed assets are aimed at warding off further risks to the banking sector from lending operations. RBI Deputy Governor, Mr. Vishwanathan said: p Defending the new norms announced by the RBI in February, he asserted that the rules were he outcome-oriented and provided flexibility to banks on deciding the contours of resolution. re Some concerns have been expressed regarding the strictness of Resolution Process These concerns a re not well founded, because : ar For cash credit account, the 30-day trigger has been retained nt For term loans, where the repayment schedules are pre-determined, borrowers need to and indeed have enough notice to arrange funds in time. It is a behaviour change in repayment of credit that has to come about The new norms mandate banks to start the resolution process even if there is a payment default for one day. LI tay In many cases, banks have to increase provisioning if the resolution is implemented. In the wake of this, banks have represented to the RBI to ease the norms. They are also lobbying with the finance ministry to convince RBI to relax the norms

  23. want teo he starting Page 13 Business News: Bank credit: can't be business as usual' RBI Deputy Governor said (contd.): Observing that data showed a large number of borrowers, even some highly-rated ones, failing on at thh the 1-day default norm, Mr. Vishwanathan stressed that this had to change. re ean early warning indicator warranting immediate action If borrowers with ability to pay on the due date delay it routinely or because they see other arbitrage options, that must change too," he said e ar k h * Lenders needed to be proactive in monitoring their borrowers and being able to identify financial stress using a combination of leading indicators and renegotiation points in the form of loan covenants rather than waiting for a borrower to default "The new resolution framework seeks a fundamental change for the better in the behaviour of lenders and borrowers, for it can't be business as usual," he said tis that en thec

  24. want teo he starting Page 14 Business News: Design in India needs policy push, says ALL's Dasari at thh . Ashok Leyland company's MD asserted that the country required a 'Design in India' focus to support the 'Make in India' campaign of PM Modi. * The 'Design in India' pitch would have a larger jobs spin-off within the country and obviate the need for paying out huge royalty in foreign currency. re e ar k h ent Is