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25th April 2018 Part-1: Daily News Analysis
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Wuhan Summit between India and China

## Jatin Verma is teaching live on Unacademy Plus

Jatin Verma
Have appeared in UPSC CSE thrice. Have been taking Unacademy Plus courses Academics- Polity, Economics & Current Affairs.

U
i am big fan of u.......
hey guys i have uploaded a course based on DAILY MOCK TEST SERIES FOR PRELIMS 2018
hey guys i have uploaded a course based on DAILY MOCK TEST SERIES FOR PRELIMS 2018
Hi Jatin - thanks for all Ur efforts. However, from usability point of view plz do add the feature on app too for enhancing the speed of video as is available in you-tube
Manish Joshi
2 years ago
hey guys i have uploaded a course based on DAILY MOCK TEST SERIES FOR PRELIMS 2018
2 years ago
Sir english line na padha kare
thanks for the session. also my personal opinion is the decision which was taken by Uprashtrapti very hurry at least he should try to investigate within short time, after investment the judgment was very friendly in front of the world. The child hood sentence comes in my eyes "Jab kar nhi to Dar nhi" Thanks!
1. for Monday'ganw forward to reWARMING look forward toit GLOBAL Wakort has top start sea ar stacea Daily News Analysis thi Parliamentary Committees ris DealTHE HINDU, pho even Judicial Over-reach 80 Indian express, Tol, Livemint for 19th April, 2018 as AG Slams Govt. e ga Act olicy ayIut hadhe . Oliver &for nanded by many a es that Kha also a puralso Legislative Adventurism Daily News Analysis been no witact Troim .austrial Productio that it ha witten toor o months receveh financial crisis a pu Meltdown China's Belt & Road Is there a need for Stimulus By Jatin Verma

2. To access Searching for "jatin verma" - Daily Editorials EDUCATORS DNA - PIB Summary MCQs You can follow me Jatin Verma Mahesh Verma on Unacademy Facebook ID: jatinverma0509 unacader

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4. Important News Articles (Taking Delhi/Noida edition as the base) tth Page 1: Decision to reject motion timely, not hasty: Venkaiah Page 10: Decision to reject motion timely, not hasty: Venkaiah Page 10 : Strong proof needed, says Arun Jaitley re Page 1: No formalities: Xi, Modi to meet without aides Page 10: No formalities: Xi, Modi to meet without aides (contd.) Page 11: China signals shift in stance on border row Page 1: U.S. to end work permits for H-1B spouses Page 1: Construction prohibited in unauthorised colonies: SC Page 1 Delhi Metro: Construction prohibited in unauthorised colonies: SC (contd.) Page 3 North: Concern over decline in Indo-Pak. trade Page 5 South: Heralding Thrissur Pooram Page 7 Nation: 15 more bodies of Maoists found lag nt ay ; Page 7 Nation: New system to measure air quality s Page 7 Nation: No special quota for govt. doctors in PG course:s Page 7 Nation: ISRO recalls mega GSAT-11 from Kourou for re-tests

5. Important News Articles (Taking Delhi/Noida edition as the base) tth Page 7 Nation: Remove references to leprosy as disability from law books: SC Page 10 News: Speaker must act as 'reasonable man' Page 10 News: Army set to break a glass ceiling r Page 10 News: Make sons responsible, says Modi he Page 10 News: Death by hanging not barbaric: govt. Page 11: Even Parliament has casting couch Page 12 World: Iran may quit NPT ifTrump scraps deal' Page 12 World: H-1B comes under immigration scanner Page 12 World: Cambridge Analytica is no bond villain: spokesperson Page 12 World: No consensus about conditions at Tihar jail Page 12 World: world EU, UN call for restart of Syria peace talks Page 13 Business: Predatory pricing rule stayed Page 13 Business: Centre seeks suggestions on long term capital gains clause lag nt ay s Page 13 Business: Defaulters owe SEBI 2,620 crore Page 13 Business: Oil tops S75 as sanctions on Iran loom Page 13 Business: Regulation of e-commerce necessary to protect consumers, spur growth

6. want to be startin anses hoiag 2 t th Page 1: Decision to reject motion timely, not hasty: Venkaiah The decision to dismiss the impeachment motion, moved by Opposition parties against Chief Justice of India, was timely and not taken in haste, Vice-President told 10 senior Supreme Court lawyers. In his order, VP said the Opposition parties were "unsure" of their case. The Opposition, which . re ntiated the motion, called the decision "ill-advised and hasty." .Senior officials of the Rajya Sabha Secretariat, who were present at the meeting, said VP told the lawyers that he took the decision after over a month of "due diligence and in strict conformity with the provisions of the Constitution and the Judges (Inquiry) Act, 1968 . The lawyers thanked him for "saving the dignity of the office of the Chief Justice of India and the nt Supreme Court. VP told the lawyers that his office had been working on the provisions, procedures and precedents since the Opposition began consultations on moving the motion. .This is not the first instance of an impeachment motion having been shot down by the Rajya Sabha Chairman .A motion was moved against Supreme Court judge J.C. Shah, and it was rejected by the then Lok Sabha Speaker, G.S. Dhillon, in 1970. Justice Shah became the Chief Justice of India

7. want to be startin anses hoiag 2 IS tth The law concerned [the Judges (Inquiry) Act, Section 3] required the Chairman of the Rajya Sabha .A clear responsibility is cast on the Chairman and it would not be correct to interpret the role of the . The Chairman is required to act as a constitutional functionary, which is a substantial responsibility . The CJI is the highest judicial functionary of the country, and any issue in the public domain to look for prima facie in the matter for either admitting the notice or refusing to do so. Chairman as that of a mere post office. There could have been adverse consequences had a constitutional functionary not acted in time concerning him requires to be resolved at the earliest through the prescribed procedures so as to prevent the atmosphere from being vitiated further. Page 10: Strong proof needed, says Arun Jaitlev. nt .Labelling the Opposition's attempt to move an impeachment motion against CJI "misconceived" . He also posted that it would move the SC to challenge the Rajya Sabha Chairman's dismissal of the .The Minister said accepting or rejecting such notices was the sole discretion of the Chairman. FM said impeachment motions required strong evidence of gross misconduct and could not be a ur "fishing and roving enquiry". impeachment notices. The motion must contain a definitive case which made out a case "beyond reasonable doubt" that the ay judge was guilty of "proved misbehaviour

8. want teo he starting Page 1:No formalities: Xi, Modi to meet without aides at thh Formalities and protocol will be set aside as PM and Chinese President sit down for talks in Wuhan. The leaders will meet with interpreters, but without "note-takers" or accompanying officials. . There is no listed agenda, or even a joint statement envisaged at the end of the two-day meet. To gain perspective Obiectives: he to have communication at the highest level and gain perspective that each has of the other in terms of domestic and foreign policy. V To remove misconceptions and misunderstandings that might arise. . Result: e ar k h ent Issues that have caused tensions or "irritants," such as V boundary tensions, V the Nuclear Suppliers Group membership issue v India's opposition to the Belt and Road Initiative, will not take centre stage. Leaders are expected to speak on "broad-based" and "overarching" approaches to resolving the issues. tis that

9. want teo he starting Page 10: No formalities: Xi, Modi to meet without aides (contd.) . According to officials, a firm proposal was then made during the Davos summit in January 2018 at thh after which Foreign Secretary visited Beijing to begin preparations for the summit On Tibetan rallies While the government came under some criticism for a letter sent to senior officials ahead of Mr. e Gokhale's visit that advised against attending Tibetan community rallies led by the Dalai Lama at a he "sensitive time" for India-China relations, sources said the government's position on Tibet had been set during the Rajiv Gandhi-Li Peng summit of 1988. "All governments since then have followed the position that Tibet is an autonomous region of China, and the Tibetan community in India would not carry out political activities," Wuhan was among the venues outside Beijing, considered for the leaders' informal summit, and the National Security Adviser's visit to Shanghai firmed up details of the Prime Minister's travel e ar k h ent Need from both sides .When asked about the impetus for the informal summit, which will come weeks ahead of another visit by Prime Minister Modi to China's Qingdao city to attend the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) summit on June 9-10, sources said there was a "need articulated by both sides" to meet in a more relaxed and less time-bound environment. tis

10. want teo he starting The sources also said that international uncertainties and "dramatic developments" on the Korean Peninsula, West and South Asia, and worries of a "new cold war" between Russia and the U.S. have also necessitated a closer understanding between New Delhi and Beijing. While ruling out a "softening" of the Indian position either on Doklam or in the neighbourhood, sources said it was necessary to show that "India and China can still talk" despite differences e ar k h that

11. want teo he starting Page 11: China signals shift in stance on border row at thh China said the upcoming summit between Chinese President and Indian PM in Wuhan was a trust- building exercise, which would gradually help resolve the border row and enable the two countries o address major global problems jointly This time, the two sides have decided to hold the informal summit between the two leaders. This is because both our countries attach great importance to each other on external strategy and not because of boundary question that still remains unresolved, and we need talk about it during the informal summit," Chinese vice-foreign Minister Kong Xuanyou said in response to a question during a media briefing. . e he .The Minister also spelt out a road map to settle "specific differences and sensitive issues," which e ar k h ent include the boundary question, following the Wuhan summit. No to BRI .Meanwhile, India declined to endorse the China-led Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) at the foreign u ministerial meeting of the eight nation Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO), despite the impending Xi-Modi talks and thaw in Delhi-Beijing ties. India had its name excluded from the list of SCO members, which backed the BRI .In her address to the SCO Foreign Ministers, External Affairs Minister, in an reference to the China Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC), which passes through Pakistan Occupied Kashmir, said connectivity projects must abide with the principle of sovereignty tis

12. want teo he starting Page 1: U.S. to end work permits for H-1B spouses Aim is to prevent fraud and abuse in immigration system Ending work permits for spouses of H-1B visa-holders is one of the several measures being taken by the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) tor of the USCIS, said that the measures are meant to "ensure the integrity of the immigration 2 reve system." he * Economic interests He said these initiatives that target non-immigrant work programmes such as H-1B, aimed "to protect the economic interests of U.S. workers and prevent fraud and abuse in the immigration system." The plans include regulatory changes to remove H-4 dependent spouses from the class of aliens eligible for employment authorization, thereby reversing the 2015 rule that granted such eligibility. that par esen the

13. want teo he starting Page 1: Construction prohibited in unauthorised colonies: SC The Supreme Court prohibited any further construction not in conformity with the building by-laws at thh in 1,797 unauthorised colonies in Delhi and questioned the authorities' intent in regularising such colonies having illegal constructions. The apex court directed the Centre to immediately set up a special task force to oversee e enforcement of laws regarding unauthorised constructions, and asked it to remove encroachments hefrom public roads, public streets and the areas meant for pedestrians. Page 1 Delhi Metro: Construction prohibited in unauthorised colonies: SC (contd. A Bench of Justices Madan B. Lokur and Deepak Gupta, while refusing to vacate the stay at this stage on the proposed amendments in the Delhi Master Plan-2021, also sought details and figures on the status of groundwater level in the Capital since 2000 onwards. e ar k h ent . Senior advocate, said the building by-laws do not apply to constructions in unauthorised constructions, which has led to haphazard constructions in Delhi and nothing has been done despite u apex court's 2007 judgement on this issue .Additional Solicitor General (ASG), representing the Delhi Development Authority (DDA), said building by-laws would be implemented in such colonies before they are regularised. tis

14. want teo he starting Page 3 North: Concern over decline in Indo-Pak. trade at thh Expressing concern over the declining trade between India and Pakistan due to escalation in tensions along the borders in recent months, Punjab CM and Pakistan's High Commissioner to India stressed the need for concerted efforts on both sides to ease tensions through people-centric measures. At an informal meet here, both agreed that the downslide in trade was detrimental to both the he countries. While Punjab CM favoured reviving the Indo-Pak Punjab games, saying sporting events could play a pivotal role in boosting people-to-people relations on both sides of the Punjab border .Mr. Mahmood said that more people-level contacts between the two nations could help pave the e ar k h ent way for long-term peace and stability in the regiorn Spirit of harmon . "It was important for the development and progress of both the countries that they work in a spirit u of harmony to promote the welfare of their respective people," said Mr. Mahmood .The games that were launched in 2004 from Patiala included hockey, cycling, athletics, gymnastics, polo, handball, wrestling, badminton, volleyball, tug-of-war, shooting and kabaddi. CM said that the enthusiasm with which these were received by sports persons and others from both sides was remarkable tis

15. want teo he starting Prisoners' repatriation at thh Mr. Mahmood raised the issue of repatriation of prisoners from both sides who had completed their terms, saying that the clearances should be expedited for the purpose .An official statement said that both underscored the need for promoting bilateral trade as a means to further the peace process, and also strengthen the fundamentals in both the countries to facilitate e their economic and social development. They agreed that both India and Pakistan could ill-afford to alienate themselves from each other in the transforming global milieu, where the two nations were faced with many common threats and enemies . Mr. Mahmood, also met Haryana Chief Minister and pointed out that as there are lot of similarities between the countries, there should be an exchange from both sides in the field of sports and culture so as to strengthen bilateral relations. ent tis that

16. want teo he starting Page 7 Nation: 15 more bodies of Maoists found at th Security forces recovered 15 more bodies of Maoists from Indravati river in Gadchiroli district of Maharashtra The bodies were found from the river near the spot of the encounter in Kasansur area, where the security forces had gunned down 16 rebels . P Search intensified he . "We recovered 15 more bodies this morning. All these bodies were recovered from the same area where Sunday's encounter had taken place. We can say that overall 3 1 people were killed in that encounter," Inspector General of Maharashtra police's Anti-Naxal Operations unit. "Due to heavy rains after the encounter, search operations had to be stopped midway. The search was resumed in which 15 more bodies of the Maoists from Indravati were recovered. Of the 15 bodies recovered, eight were that of female Maoists. One INSAS rifle was also recovered during the search operation and there is a possibility that some u senior Maoist leaders could be among the dead. e ar k h ent . .The search has been intensified in the area. In a separate incident, six Maoists were killed in Jimalgatta area. Of the six, four were women. tis that en thec

17. want teo he starting Page 7 Nation: New system to measure air-d alind to develop a polution-forecast system that will at thh India is tying up with the United States and Finland to develop a pollution-forecast system that wl help anticipate particulate matter (PM) levels at least two days in advance and at a greater resolution than what is possible now. The Ministry of Earth Sciences (MoES) will be coordinating this exercise and the plan is to have a system in place by winter. he. Currently, the System of Air Quality and Weather Forecasting and Research (SAFAR), run out of the Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology, Pune, serves as the apex forecaster of pollution trends in Delhi, Mumbai, Pune and Ahmedabad It generates a likely air quality profile, a day in advance, for these cities. IITM is an organisation k h under the MoES. ent The new system, to be jointly developed with expertise from the Finnish Meteorological Institute and the U.S.' National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, will use a different modelling approach as well as computational techniques from that employed in the SAFAR model tis that

18. want teo he starting Better resolution SAFAR will continue to be the backbone [for pollution forecast] but this system, which will require our scientists to get special training, will use a different method of analysis. This could mean better resolution and more accurate forecasts. A key focus would be to develop forecasts around the "stubble-burning season" that adds to Delhi's pollution woes in the winter. This refers to the partially-burnt straw and chaff from fields in Uttar at thh hePradesh and Haryana, when farmers are preparing their fields for the sowing season. Earlier, the Union Environment Ministry released a draft of the National Clean Air Programme (NCAP) that aims to improve air quality monitoring in India by increasing the number of e ar k h ent ollution monitoring stations and, incorporating it into a pollution forecast svstem. Page 7 Nation: No special quota for govt. doctors in PG courses . The Supreme Court declined a petition seeking exclusive quota for 'in service doctors' in admission to postgraduate medical degree courses A five-judge Constitution Bench led by Chief Justice of India dismissed an application for interim relief to stay Regulation 9(4) and (8) of the Medical Council of India's Post Graduate Medical Education Regulations of 2000 The provisions provide reservation to in-service doctors in postgraduate diploma courses and not . for degree courses tis

19. to Page 7 Nation: Remove references to leprosv as disability from law books: SC at thh The Supreme Court asked the Centre and all States to remove references to leprosy as a disability from statute books, saying leprosy is curable and patients should not be victims of social stigma. Chief Justice of India, heading a three-judge Bench, said references to leprosy as a disability in the written laws amounted to "statutory stigma . ." p. "Remove all the observations on leprosy from the laws, only then will there be parity," the Chief re he Justice said. Additional Solicitor General for the Centre, said the government was taking steps to delete the erring provisions from the enactments. e ar k h ent State laws in practice since the 19s50s, which discriminate against leprosy patients, stigmatise and isolate them despite the fact that modern medicine completely cures the disease. Age-old beliefs corrode minds and bring upon untold sufferings into the lives of leprosy patients, the Supreme Court observed. ' ur .The petition has urged the court to intervene and pave the way for recognising the fundamental right to equality, dignity and equal opportunity of persons affected by leprosy. par een

20. want teo he starting Page 10 News: Speaker must act as 'reasonable man, Power of Chairman/Speaker extends to only verifying if motion is based on 'sufficient material': SC at thh Twenty-six years ago, senior advocate Kapil Sibal accused Rabi Ray, Speaker of the ninth Lok Sabha, of illegally admitting the motion for removal of then Supreme Court sitting judge, Justice V Ramaswami PMr. Sibal had said the admission was the result of non-application of mind to see whether the he material placed on record formed a prima facie case against the judge. Mr. Ray's decision to admit the motion was "bereft of reasons", he argued. .Mr. Sibal's submissions are recorded in the Supreme Court judgment of M. Krishnaswami versus > e ar k h ent Union of India, delivered by a five-judge Bench in August 1992. Mr. Sibal was Justice Ramaswami's counsel Mr. Sibal termed Rajya Sabha Chairman's decision to refuse the notice for removal of Chief Justice of India "illegal" and "unprecedented". The reasons he presents are diametrically opposite to the ones he gave the five-judge Bench in 1992 According to Mr. Sibal, the Vice-President has usurped the functions of the Judge Inquiry Committee. He alleged that VP exceeded his brief by going beyond procedural checks such as "whether the motion is in order or not, whether the signatures are valid and the charges are not frivolous..." tis

21. want teo he starting Unique situation' .VP's order gives rise to a unique situation in law. Experts are divided on whether the Chairman at thh could have actually refused the removal motion on merits. Experts point out that the problem lies in the fact that Section 3 (1)(b) of the Judges Inquiry Act of 1968 is silent on whether the Chairman or the Speaker can decide on merits. E Sr lawyer, who spearheaded the campaign by advocates against former Sikkim High Court Chief Justice, recalled that then Vice-President Hamid Ansari merely "entertained their petition and forwarded it to the Judge Inquiry Committee . "He [Mr. Ansari] did not pass an order finding the merits or de-merits...," Ms. Vaigai said. Former Chief Justice of India K.G. Balakrishnan, who was the top judge during the removal motion process of Calcutta High Court judge Soumitra Sen, recalled that there was no separate process for admission or rejection of motion at the level of the statutory authority [Rajya Sabha Chairman/Lok Sabha Speaker] ent The answer to the conundrum may be found in the Krishnaswami judgment wherein the Constitution Bench held that though it is the "individual discretion" of the Speaker or the Chairman to admit or refuse a motion, this discretion is expected to be of a "reasonable man" who acts with a "high degree of responsibility'" The court interpreted that the power of the Chairman/Speaker extends to only verifying whether the motion is based on "sufficient material or evidence tis

22. want teo he starting The Air Force and the Navy shed their opposition to granting permanent commission to women in 2010. As of now, 350 women serve both the forces as permanent commissioned officers, besides doctors and nurses who have historically served alongside male counterparts. The Army mounted a legal challenge in the Supreme Court after the Delhi High Court in 2010 ordered all the three arms of the military to grant permanent commission to women officers . 2 3 Army sources said the arguments are now boiling down to two kev issues: he The practical challenges in deploying women in active areas such as Kashmir. V The logistics requirements to accommodate them in areas that have been built exclusively for men.

23. want teo he starting Page 10 News: Make sons responsible, savs Modi at thh Prime Minister said sons have to be made more responsible for a safe environment for daughters and asserted that the promulgation of an ordinance on rape showed that the Centre had acted on people's outrage on sexual crimes against minors Days after the government approved the ordinance allowing courts to award the death penalty to those convicted of raping girls below the age of 12 years. PM also called for a social movement to heensure the safety of girls. "There is a government in Delhi which listens to your voice and takes decisions. So, the Centre has made a provision for capital punishment to the monstrous intent," he said. . "Families will have to enhance the honour and respect of daughters. Families should also make e ar k h ent their sons more responsible. In this way, the safety of daughters would not be a difficult task," PM said .He also mentioned measures taken by the government for the welfare of tribals and farmers and ur asked the elected representatives of panchayats to ensure that these steps were implemented tis that

24. want teo he starting Page 10 News: Death by hanging not barbaric: govt. . Death by hanging is "not barbaric, inhuman and cruel" as an execution by a firing squad or lethal at thh injection is, the Centre told the Supreme Court. The government traced statistics of "botched-up" administration of lethal injections to condemned prisoners in the U.S. to prove its point that this mode of state execution is only "designed to create ean appearance of serenity and painless death". Besides, the lethal chemical, if known to the public, e would possibly be misused Likewise, the government graphically detailed the horrors of death by firing squad. How, if the shots missed the heart, the prisoners slowly bled to death. Besides, it would be very difficult to find * volunteers for the firing squad from the country's civilian police force. e ar k h .The government was responding to a PIL petition filed by advocate Rishi Malhotra challenging the constitutionality of hanging as a mode of execution. Section 354 (5) of the Code of Criminal Procedure mandates that a person sentenced to death shall "be hanged by the neck till he is dead". ur tis that

25. procedure by which a death sentence is to be executed is dependent upon a variety of factors such as 'O.. economic feasibility, availability of skilled and technical personnel, equipment and resources, rate The Centre said the mode of execution was a "matter of legislative policy". The government said between 2012 and 2015. The Law Commission recommendation to confine the death penalty for of botched executions," the counter-affidavit said. he the death penalty was given only in the rarest of rare cases. There have been only three executions 0 offences of terrorism and war against the country was under examination.

26. want teo he starting Page 12 World: H-1B comes under immigration scanner . The U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) is taking forward proposals to end work at thh permits for spouses of H-1B visas holders In December 2017, the U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS) had announced that it was planning to make changes in the rules that allowed a certain category of H-4 visa holders re spouses of H-1B visa holders -to obtain Employment Authorisation Documents (EAD) he The Barack Obama administration allowed EAD for them in 2015 after several years of debate. A court case challenging the rule is pending and the DHS is expected to submit its proposed changes in the rules in May to the court. According to USCIS data, 1,04,750 H-4 visa holders have been issued EAD until 2017. Most of them are Indians and most of them are women e ar k h ent . In an April 4 letter to Senator Charles E. Grassley, USCIS Director Francis Cissna said the agency had announced the curbs earlier and the public would have an opportunity to provide feedback during a notice and comment period, as is the case with all regulatory change. Series of steps No deadline has been specified for these steps. Mr. Cissna had written a similar letter to a group of 15 lawmakers in March also, after they sought the continuation of the H4 EAD tis

27. want teo he starting Series of steps (contd. at thh The letter to Mr. Grassley lists a series of steps that the USCIS has already implemented as per President Donald Trump's 'Buy American, Hire American' executive order issued last year. The USCIS has tightened the documentation requirements for H-1B employees working at third party work sites, a business model that several Indian software companies depend on. The USCIS has said that starting this year, it may approve H-1B visas for a duration shorter than he three years, which has been the norm until now. The agency has also started treating H-1B renewal re applications as fresh petitions, requiring the petitioners to establish the eligibility all over again. As a result, requests for additional information before renewal petitions are processed have dramatically increased under the Trump administration. . e ar k h ent Targeting misuse Mr. Cissna said in the letter that the agency has been aggressively targeting misuse of the programme. . "We have dedicated email addresses to make it easier for the public to report suspected fraud and abuse... in the programmes," he said. This year, the USCIS received 1,90,098 H-1B petitions during the filing period which began on April 2. Through a lottery, the agency has selected 85,000 beneficiaries, 20,000 of whom qualify under the 'masters' cap. As the processing of these petitions progresses, the impact of the new measures could be felt. tis

28. want teo he starting Violence in jail . While figures suggested that the overcrowding was to a far lesser degree than suggested by the at thh defence - particularly after the expansion of Delhi's jail network from nine to 16violence was limited to "occasional outbursts", he said prison conditions. The decision to not allow the assurance as it came three weeks late, was a The defence had done little to "rebut the underlying assumption of good faith" and the assurances He also questioned the decision to exclude a second assurance sought by the court from India on he"breach of case management", he said. around the amount of personal space, security and medical care that would be provided to Mr. Chawla at Tihar, he said. He also sought to highlight evidence of improving conditions. "This is not an administration that is blind or deliberately closing its eyes." However, defence barrister Helen Malcolm sought to challenge the picture of Tihar and the Indian jail system more widely. She pointed to a number of incidents since the previous ruling, including u incidents in which prisoners were alleged to have been beaten up by authorities, and two deaths in custody this year India's tendency to dismiss accusations of poor prison conditions or mistreatment as "maligned or trumped up" gave her "no confidence" whatsoever, she said ent stay tis

29. want teo he starting These assertions seriously undermine the credibility" of assurances from India, she told the court, adding that there was a "complete failure to engage with genuine concerns" at thh .During a lengthy discussion over the decision to exclude the second assurance from India, one of the judges said judges needed to be given flexibility on the management of cases. He also criticised a number of aspects of New Delhi's response, including lack of details when it came to the issue of violence. He highlighted an instance when Brazil, which had sought an heextradition, presented "detailed evidence" The case comes in the backdrop of India's efforts to extradite Vijay Mallya to Arthur Road Jail. Alan Mitchell, an international prison expert, was a defence witness in both cases, and in both cases sought to highlight difficult conditions in Indian jails, which both defence teams have sought to use . e ar ent Page 12 World: world EU, UN call for restart of Svria peace talks The European Union and the United Nations on Tuesday called for swift political talks to end the long war in Syria, saying the latest territorial gains by Damascus and its allies had not brought peace any closer. The UN special envoy for Syria, Staffan de Mistura, spoke at a donor conference. Reuters stay tis en thec

30. want teo he starting Page 13 Business: Predatory pricing rule stayed at thh Bharti, Idea get relief as TDSAT stays TRAI's norm on tariffs The Telecom Disputes Settlement and Appellate Tribunal (TDSAT) has ordered an interim stay on some clauses of TRAI's recent regulation for tariff principles on predatory pricing. . In a relief to older operators -Bharti Airtel, Idea Cellular and Vodafonethe TDSAT on e Tuesday stayed the new definition of Significant Market Player (SMP), while directing that no penalty be levied on telecom operators for not complying with the new norms for tariff reporting. ."The clauses in the impugned order related to the reporting requirement and definition of SMP are stayed," the TDSAT said in its order. "This interim arrangement shall continue until further orders in this regard," it added. e ar k h ent Details may be sought' The tribunal added that while the regulator was entitled to ask for details of segmented discounts or concessions offered to subscribers for analysis, "no penalty shall be imposed on that basis till further orders are given in the ongoing appeals" by Bharti Airtel and Idea Cellular. In its tariff order issued in February and intended to ensure transparency, non-discrimination and non-predation, the Telecom Regulatory Authority of India had said the definition of SMP for the purpose of predatory pricing would be based on just the subscriber base and gross revenue and not subscriber base, turnover, switching capacity and volume of traffic, as determined earlier . tis

31. want teo he starting LT Page 13 Business: Oil tops $75 as sanctions on Iran loom at thh Oil climbed above$75 a barrel on Tuesday to its highest level since November 2014 before paring some gains, supported by OPEC-led production cuts, strong demand and the prospect of renewed U.S. sanctions on Iran Brent crude rose to its highest since OPEC on November 27, 2014, turned its back on curbing output to support prices, a move that triggered a battle for market share and helped deepen a collapse to $27 in early 2016. "Prices are being driven up by tight supply due to high production outages in Venezuela plus the cuts implemented by OPEC and Russia," said analyst at Commerzbank. he e ar k h ent tis that en thec 32. want teo he starting Page 13 Business: Regulation of e-commerce necessarv to protect consumers, spur growth: Prabhu *The government can regulate the e-commerce industry in a manner that safeguards the interests of at thh the consumer and at the same time help the industry grow, said Commerce Minister. "The industry has grown so far even without government support," Mr. Prabhu said while addressing the meeting of the e-commerce think tank set up by the government. The question is how can we make the sector, which is a B2C sector, grow keeping in mind the larger interest of the consumers. So, regulation is something which the government can do, but it must be such that it actually helps industry to grow." re e ar He added that the government is expecting strong growth in the domestic e-commerce market and is ent preparing accordingly. "India is poised to be a$5 trillion economy in 7-8 years, maybe even less than seven years," the Minister added. . "Today, services are almost two-third of the economy, and we feel very strongly that services ll continue to be a growth engine of the economy. Now, the great dominant sector in services is the IT sector." He added that due to the influence of the IT sector, there were increases in the productivity and efficiency of a number of other sectors . tis