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IPS Full Form

The full form of IPS is Indian Police Service and is conducted as a part of civil services exam. Read this article to know more.


The Indian Police Service, or IPS , is one of the three branches of All India Services (AIS), along with the IAS and the IFoS. It replaced the role of the Indian Imperial Police in 1948. An IPS officer must ensure the public’s safety by upholding law and order. They also supervise and command the police agencies of the states and Union Territories, the CAPF forces (CRPF, BSF, SSB, CISF, and ITBP), the National Security Guards, and so on. The Indian Police Service is a dream job for many young individuals who wish to serve their nation and its residents actively. It is ranked among the 24 services offered by UPSC through annually held civil service exams.

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Indian Police Service

The Indian Police Service (IPS) helps the Indian society to prevent crimes and maintain peace among the common people by critically investigating the entire crime scene. The Indian Police Service is the fundamental stand of the Indian democracy to maintain the Sovereignty, Integrity, and “Law and Order” of India. This is associated with the designation of entry-level IPS that the officer works as “ASP (Additional Superintendent of Police)” and is promoted to the next level within 3-4 years which is the most crucial journey of the officer during the career. This is because the office is able to work in the field role of District administration to achieve more practices for field jobs. 

History for IPS

The origin of IPS is from the British rule in India. It was also known as the Imperial Police. After independence, some rules came into the ground that allow Indians to get entry into this service. In 1948, it was renamed as Indian Police Service.

Eligibility Criteria to get recruited as IPS Officer

  • The candidate should be an Indian national
  • They should have a minimum age of 21 years
  • The candidate must be a graduate of a well-recognized university
  • They should meet the physical fitness standards for this exam
  • For the Unreserved and EWS categories, there are not more than 6 attempts for this exam

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Recruitment & Training  of an IPS 

The recruitment of the IPS officers is done with the help of Civil Services Examinations, which are conducted by the UPSC. While filling up the application form, the candidate needs to choose his/her preferences for IPS or IAS. UPSC releases the same form for both posts. However, the applicants will be assigned to the training as per their obtained rank and preferences.

At first, the selected candidates will undergo joint training for 3 months of duration. This general training will take place at the foundation level in Lal Bahadur Shastri National Academy of Administration. After that, the IPS candidates will go for special training. They get this training at Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel Police Training Academy, Hyderabad. This training duration is usually a year. This training includes physical fitness and law enforcement.

Functions and Responsibilities of IPS

Indian Police Service is the workplace where the interaction between police officers and communities is established to prevent crimes. The field practices are provided in the entry-level designations to the officers for maintaining crime scenes in the real scenario. The IPS officers are the “Ex-officio Head” of the Police stations and all the district levels officers Fired services, Unarmed Units, and Armed Police units to maintain the quietness across Indian Society. Apart from this, the day-to-day duties are also included in the responsibilities of IPS officers such as investigation, crime prevention, detection, intelligence collection, counterintelligence, railway policing, drug trafficking, corruption, and smuggling in the life of communities. The socio-economic legislation is also maintained by the IPS officers to increase awareness among the communities for tracking crimes. Anti-drug campaigns are developed for reducing crime levels. Disaster management is also maintained by the IPS officers especially to identify the disaster’s cause and evaluate the comfortable solutions to the critical situation. IPS officers are also responsible to provide security to the VIP person, especially for Prime Minister and Chief Minister to maintain all the responsibilities. IPS officers play an important role to collaborate with the domestic police services for staying proactive in the happed mishaps. 

Salary of an IPS Officer

This job offers a competitive income as well as various advantages. The first advantage is that the profession is one of dignity, and many individuals aspire to work here. Mentioned below are the advantages that come with the position of an IPS.

According to the 7th Pay Commission, the civil service pay grade structure has been phased out, and the aggregation pay level has already been implemented. As a result, the IPS pay scale is based only on the basic salary plus TA, DA, and HRA. The basic salary can start from Rs. 56,100 per month.

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Top Post for an IPS Officer

The Chief of the Indian Police Service

The DGP is the highest authority in a police state (Director General of Police). The Director General of Police, awarded three stars, is the top police official in the Indian Union Territories and States. All DGPs are recruited from the Indian Police Service. The DGP is in the leadership of the state police force in most Indian states. The basic salary of a DGP can start from Rs. 80,000. 

Cadre Controlling Authority for IPS

Different IPS officials can be transferred and posted by the Cadre Controlling Authority. The Ministry of Home Affairs is the Cadre Controlling Authority for IPS. The Union Home minister is their reporting authority.

Aspirants can visit the IPS (Indian Police Service) Salary and Ranks page for further information regarding the cadre distribution, ranks, and salary specifics.

Dress Code

On duty, IPS officers are obligated to wear their uniforms. The outfit is typically Khaki in shade.

All positions entail duties and benefits. UPSC exam requires you to acquire a good score to hold the top positions in the IPS. Similarly, the highest places above are reserved for individuals with extensive expertise in their disciplines. One must qualify for the UPSC exams and receive a high score if you want to hold one of the top positions in the Indian government.

Strategies to build Police Community Relations

The quick presence of IPS officers at the crime scene helps to reduce anxieties among the common people and be able to understand the entire scene. The discussion of the challenges that are faced by the Indian Police officers while investigating the entire scene with the communities to collect important information regarding the scene is discussed here. This will help to understand the overview of the scene and identify the responsible objects for the incident. The transparency among the police officers is useful to drive the required information from the community based on the understanding level of the common people about the issue. The officers are required to take all the necessary steps for reducing bias in the community that improves cultural competencies as well. In other words, the common people are required to have a focus on the incident in order to provide authentic information to the IPS officers that make it easy to investigate the incident. The IPS officers are required to be visible to the community to identify the suspicious factors related to the issue. 

Environmental Factors that help IPS to track crimes

The environmental factors that help the IPS officers for tracking the crime scene include permissive families, neighbourhoods, peer groups, and witnesses. The other social factors that are useful to identify the required and necessary evidence in order to provide resolutions such as education, community, peers, drugs, and alcohol. Psychological factors are also included in the crime scene that is identified by the IPS officers and makes it more complex to provide the required resolutions. 

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The overview of the Indian Police Service is discussed for evaluating the core responsibilities of the IPS officers towards the communities and Indian society. This also includes the contribution of communities to improving the investigation process for the IPS officers. In other words, community collaboration is also important to collect authentic information for investigation purposes that makes it more reliable for the IPS officers to provide sustainable resolutions to the incident. IPS is the highly revered and respected service of India within the internal security system.


Frequently asked questions

Get answers to the most common queries related to the UPSC Examination Preparation.

What is the Indian Police Service?

Answer: Indian Police Service is the department for maintaining the interaction between communities and police offic...Read full

What are the duties and responsibilities of IPS officers?

Answer: The IPS officers are considered as “Ex-officio Head” to maintain the district levels officers and...Read full

How can police-community relations be built?

Answer: The most important task for the IPS officers is associated with the di...Read full

What are the environmental factors that help IPS officers to track crimes?

Answer: The important environmental factors that are used to investigate the incident scene include neighborhoods, permissive families, and peer...Read full