In the Public Service Sector, DSP stands for Deputy Superintendent of Police in full. The Deputy Superintendent of police is the head of district police, they occupy the position of superintendent of police. In India in Big cities or districts with a high population police force is led by a senior superintendent of police and in small districts, the Superintendent of Police heads the police force.
The post of Deputy Superintendent of Police is one of India’s most important and dominant positions. These are state-level police officers who are extremely important since they work for the welfare of the state and are assigned challenging tasks such as maintaining law and order and preventing crime. In India, becoming a police officer is extremely challenging since every post in the police force needs both mental and physical strength. Still, for individuals who wish to serve their nation and their people while also helping to minimise crime, this is the best professional option.
The state police force’s higher-ranking officials are known as Deputy Superintendent of Police. They are in the same position as the Assistant Chief of Police in terms of power (ACP). They are recognized or posted as Circle Officers (C.O.) in numerous states, such as Uttarakhand and Rajasthan. A DSP, also known as a sub-divisional Police Officer or SPDO in the state of West Bengal, is in charge of the subdivision. These officers are higher in rank than assistant superintendent officers, but lower in rank than the chief of police.
Roles and Duties of DSP
- The DSP is the subordinate police officer to the superintendent of police; he works under the S.P. and oversees all the police department tasks such as preventing crime, administering and managing police stations, looking after the investigations, and so on. The following are the function and responsibilities of a DSP.
- As the district’s top intelligence officer, the DSP gathers data from lower-level police officers and reports his findings to his superiors in the district police personnel system, as well as overseeing the service conditions of the younger officers under his command.
- A DSP manages and controls the crowd during political rallies and functions so that no kind of clashes can occur between people and manages the crowd during the festival and maintains a healthy environment.
- A DSP develops new ways to tackle crime and catch criminals and is responsible for deterring criminal activity, supervising all the cases and investigations related to it are under his control and doing research operations to solve cases.
- Another role is to manage and maintain good law and order and can also take action against the people who break the law and order.
- DSP also attempts to build good community links and maintain communal harmony, sees whether the laws are followed by the citizens or not and takes necessary actions against those who break them and tries to make a good relationship between citizens and the police.
Eligibility to Become DSP
- The post of Deputy Superintendent of Police is full of responsibilities, as a result, it is critical to exercise caution while selecting one. Given below are some criteria one has to fulfil to become DSP in India.
- The one who is aspiring to become a DSP must be born in India i.e., must be an Indian citizen.
- The age of the applicant must be between 21-30 years old to be eligible for this post. The relaxation of 5 years in age is there for the candidate who belongs to ST/SC category.
- The candidate must be a graduate from a known college or university in any stream.
- The height of a male candidate must be at least 168cm and of a female, it must be more than 155cm.
Check out the complete UPSC Syllabus
Process of becoming a DSP
To become a DSP, one has to clear the PCS (provincial civil services) exam. But there can few other ways to become a DSP. If you are good at sport then it is very beneficial if you can be selected as a DSP. Many times, an IPS officer can be appointed as a deputy superintendent of police (DSP) or assistant commissioner of police (ACP). but still later on they are promoted to superintendent of police.
Facilities Provided to a State DSP by the Government
- An official four-wheeler vehicle like Mahindra bolero/ Toyota Innova
- An official house with guards is present 24*7 on duty
- One personal cook and one caretaker of the house
- Three PSO (personal security guards) for guarding and protection
Also see– UPSC Preparation Books
Interesting Facts about DSP
- The rank of deputy superintendent of police was created in 1876 as the policy of Indigenisation was introduced.
- Lord Cornwallis introduced superintendent of police in India
- Shakuntala Vashishta was the first woman in Indian Police who later became deputy superintendent in 1969.
- The rank of deputy superintendent of police is the highest rank attainable by an officer in the National Police Cadet Corps
- Deputy Superintendent of Police (DSP) is a rank used by several police forces in the Commonwealth and formerly in the British Empire.
- Indian sprinter Hima Das was inducted as Deputy Superintendent of Assam Police.
Also read – UPSC Notes
To sum up, DSP stands for Deputy Superintendent of Police. A DSP is the head of the police force of a district and a high ranking official. They occupy a similar position to an ACP which is the Assistant Chief of the Police. The role of a DSP is to check the work and report of his/her juniors and report to senior officials, work under S.P, manage and control the people when needed and make a good harmony among the people of the area.
To become a DSP, a person can take the PCS exam, or if he/she is good in sports quota, then they can be directly selected as a DSP, or being in any other post and then getting upgraded. And for which the eligibility is that the person should be of Indian Nationality, have a degree from any recognized institution and must be of 21-30 years of age. And some other physical requirements. If a person has these qualities and requirements he/she can become a DSP and serve the country and the people of India.