Full form of UPSC
The full form of UPSC is Union Public Service Commission.
UPSC exam is one of the toughest exams in the country. While Union Public Service Com is the prestigious and major exam conducting authority. The Union Public Service Commission conducts various examinations to recruit eligible candidates for the Indian Government. It also conducts the CSE (Civil Services Examination), which is also known as the IAS examination. This exam is conducted in 2 phases such as UPSC prelims and mains. In this paper, the preliminary examination will be objective-based type while the mains exam will be descriptive in nature. It also includes the essay-writing too. Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) is also responsible for conducting various examinations for the post like IAS, IFS, IPS and more of them.
Union Public Service Commission History
In the year 1923 under the chairmanship of Lord Lee of Fareham, the Royal Commission on superior civil service was set up, which had equal numbers of Indian and British members’ the year 1924 on the recommendation of the report submitted by the public service commission was set up.
Some of the key pointers of the Lee Commission are as follows –
- 40% of future recruitment should be British
- 40% of Indians should be directly recruited
- 20% of Indians from provisional services should be promoted
Finally, in the year 1926, the first Public Service Commission was set up on 1st October under the chairmanship of Sir Ross Barker. It was a limited advisory role body without much power. So, with the help of the Government of India Act 1935 the Federal Union Public service commission became the Union Public service commission which is UPSC post-independence on 26 January 1950.
Also see: UPSC Exam Paper
Functions of UPSC
Article 320 of the constitution talks about the duties of the UPSC. The main function of the UPSC is to conduct examinations for appointments to the services of the union.
The other functions of UPSC are –
In the development of various recruiting schemes.
Consultation on matters relating to recruitment, appointment, pension claim, promotion or transfer, disciplinary cases, or other matters given to them.
Examination conducted by UPSC
To understand the UPSC concept, the candidate needs to know the list of the examination conducted by the UPSC. Here they can check the complete list –
- Indian Statistical Service Examination (ISS)
- Indian Forest Service Examination (IFS)
- Indian Civil Services Examination (ICSE) for recruitment to IAS, IPS, IRS, etc officers
- Combined Medical Services Examination
- Combined Defence Services Examination (CDS)
- Various Recruitment Tests for UPSC EPFO, and other exams
- Indian Engineering Services Examination
- Combined Geo-Scientist and Geologist Examination
- National Defence Academy and Naval Academy Examination (NDA)
- Indian Economic Service Examination (IES)
- Central Armed Police Forces (ACs) Examination
UPSC Eligibility Criteria
The candidates must check the below-provided eligibility criteria for the UPSC examination. If they fulfill the eligibility criteria, then only they can appear for the examination. It is necessary to fulfill the eligibility to fill out the application form. Let’s check the below-provided table for that –
|Age Limit||21 to 32 years|
|Age relaxation||As per the category (mentioned below)|
|Educational Qualification for UPSC Civil Services||Graduation from any recognized university|
Check out the complete:- UPSC Syllabus
Number of Attempts for the UPSC Exam
- For General Category and OBC who belongs to the Creamy layer – 7 attempts
- For SC/ST classification – No relaxation till the age of 35 years.
- OBC Non-creamy layer – 7 attempts
UPSC Exam Pattern
Check here for the UPSC Prelims Exam Pattern below –
|Name of the Paper||No of Questions||Marks Allotted||Time Allotted||Nature of Exam|
|Paper I: General Studies (Objective-type)||100||200||2 hours||The score will be considered for Cut-off|
|Paper-II: General Studies-II (CSAT) (Objective-Type)||80||200||2 hours||Qualifying Nature- Candidates will have to score 33% to qualify CSAT.|
Check here UPSC Mains Exam Pattern
|Paper||Subject||Duration||Total marks||Time Allotted||Nature of paper||Type of Paper|
|Paper A||Compulsory Indian language||3 hours||300||3 hours||Qualifying||Descriptive|
|Paper B||English||3 hours||300||3 hours||Qualifying||Descriptive|
|Paper I||Essay||3 hours||250||3 hours||Merit||Descriptive|
|Paper-II||General Studies I||3 hours||250||3 hours||Merit||Descriptive|
|Paper III||General Studies II||3 hours||250||3 hours||Merit||Descriptive|
|Paper IV||General Studies III||3 hours||250||3 hours||Merit||Descriptive|
|Paper V||General Studies IV||3 hours||250||3 hours||Merit||Descriptive|
|Paper VI||Optional I||3 hours||250||3 hours||Merit||Descriptive|
|Paper VII||Optional II||3 hours||250||3 hours||Merit||Descriptive|
Important Books for the UPSC Preparation
Here, you can find the list of important books for the preparation of UPSC exam. Apart from the NCERT books, here are a number of books that play an important role in UPSC Preparation –
|Name of the Book||Author’s name|
|Indian Polity||M. Laxmikanth|
|Important Judgments that Transformed India||Alex Andrews George|
|Important Acts that Transformed India||Alex Andrews George|
|Ancient and Medieval India||Poonam Dalal Dahiya|
|Indian Art and Culture||Nitin Singhania|
|Certificate Physical And Human Geography||Goh Cheng Leong|
|Geography of India||Majid Husain|
|Modern Indian History||Sonali Bansal and Snehil Tripathi|
|Science and Technology||Ravi P. Agrahari|
|Environment and Ecology||Vaishali Anand|
|Lexicon for Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude||Niraj Kumar|
Also See – UPSC Preparation Books
Part 14 of the constitution deals with Services under the Union and the state. Under this, Articles 315 to 323 provide for a public service commission for the union and each state.
Article 315 calls for the Union Public service commission at the Union level. UPSC is one of the few institutions that work with full freedom and autonomy like the Election commission.
Article 316 of the constitution talks about the chairman and the other members of the UPSC. As per the article, the President shall appoint the chairman and the other members.
In case the office becomes vacant his duties are performed by other members of the commission as decided by the president.
The member of the UPSC commission shall hold the office for a term of six years or 64 years whichever is earlier.
As per article 318, the president is empowered to determine the number of members of the commission and service conditions. In the same way, the president can also make provision for the number of staff members and the condition of service.
Conditions of reappointment
The chairman of UPSC on the expiry of the term cannot be reappointed but the other members can be appointed to the position of chairman of UPSC or the chairman of State public service commission but not under any other government employment at state and union level. This is discussed in Article 319 of the Constitution.
Article 317 talks about the removal of the officials of the Union Public Service Commission.
The president can remove the chairman on the ground of misbehaviour after the SC in the report said that the chairman or the member ought to be removed.
The grounds of the Removal of the officials are as follows -:
- Is an insolvent or one can say he /she is bankrupt
- If he/ she involved in any paid employment outside the duties of their office
- If he/ she is unfit to hold the office because of the infirmity of mind or body according to the opinion of the president
- If he/she holds an office of profit
The salaries, expenses, pensions, and other allowances of the members and the staff if the commission are all charged by the consolidated fund of India. This is mentioned in Article 321.
Extension of function
The UPSC may be entrusted with other additional functions concerning the union as per Article 321 of the constitution.
The president presents annually a report in the parliament which talks about the work done by the commission mentioned in article 323. Further on receipt of such a report, a copy will be submitted before each house, and reasons for not accepting the advice of the commission will be explained.
The commission consists of the chairman and other members who are appointed. President.
The commission generally has 9 to 11 members including the chairman and tenure is six years or until they reach the age of 64 years whichever is earlier.
Further, the conditions of service are decided based on the Union Public service commission (members) regulations, of 1969. The chairman and members can any time submit their resignation to the president of India.
The Commission is serviced by a secretariat headed by a secretary with four additional secretariats.
Also read: How to Prepare for UPSC
UPSC is a constitutional body under Article 315 – 323 of part 14 of the constitution. It is a recruiting agency that conducts examinations for the government of India for Group A offices under the union government for defense, civil services, engineering services, law services, functionality services, and architectural services.
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