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What is the Full Form of UPSC?

UPSC Full Form: The full form of UPSC is Union Public Service Commission. Read here to know more about UPSC Exam 2023.

Check here: UPSC Final Result 2023

What is UPSC?
UPSC: Union Public Service Commission, conducts competitive exams for recruiting candidates for various central government services in India.

Full form of UPSC

The full form of UPSC is Union Public Service Commission. 

UPSC exam is one of the toughest exams in the country. While Union Public Service Com is the prestigious and major exam conducting authority. The Union Public Service Commission conducts various examinations to recruit eligible candidates for the Indian Government. It also conducts the CSE (Civil Services Examination), which is also known as the IAS examination. This exam is conducted in 2 phases such as UPSC prelims and mains. In this paper, the preliminary examination will be objective-based type while the mains exam will be descriptive in nature. It also includes the essay-writing too. Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) is also responsible for conducting various examinations for the post like IAS, IFS, IPS and more of them. 

UPSC CSE Full Form 

The full form of UPSC CSE is UPSC Civil Services Examination where UPSC is the conducting body.

Union Public Service Commission History

In the year 1923 under the chairmanship of Lord Lee of Fareham, the Royal Commission on superior civil service was set up, which had equal numbers of Indian and British members’ the year 1924 on the recommendation of the report submitted by the public service commission was set up.

Some of the key pointers of the Lee Commission are as follows –

  • 40% of future recruitment should be British
  • 40% of Indians should be directly recruited
  • 20% of Indians from provisional services should be promoted

Finally, in the year 1926, the first Public Service Commission was set up on 1st October under the chairmanship of Sir Ross Barker. It was a limited advisory role body without much power. So, with the help of the Government of India Act 1935 the Federal Union Public service commission became the Union Public service commission which is UPSC post-independence on 26 January 1950.

Also see: UPSC Exam Paper

Functions of UPSC 

Article 320 of the constitution talks about the duties of the UPSC. The main function of the UPSC is to conduct examinations for appointments to the services of the union.

The other functions of UPSC are –

In the development of various recruiting schemes.

Consultation on matters relating to recruitment, appointment, pension claim, promotion or transfer, disciplinary cases, or other matters given to them. 

Discover Unacademy UPSC Offline Centres in the following locations 

Examination conducted by UPSC

To understand the UPSC concept, the candidate needs to know the list of the examination conducted by the UPSC. Here they can check the complete list – 

  1. Indian Statistical Service Examination (ISS)
  2. Indian Forest Service Examination (IFS)
  3. Indian Civil Services Examination (ICSE) for recruitment to IAS, IPS, IRS, etc officers
  4. Combined Medical Services Examination
  5. Combined Defence Services Examination (CDS)
  6. Various Recruitment Tests for UPSC EPFO, and other exams
  7. Indian Engineering Services Examination
  8. Combined Geo-Scientist and Geologist Examination
  9. National Defence Academy and Naval Academy Examination (NDA)
  10. Indian Economic Service Examination (IES)
  11. Central Armed Police Forces (ACs) Examination

UPSC 2024 Exam Dates 



UPSC Exam Calendar 2024

May 10, 2023

UPSC 2024 exam notification

14 February 2024

UPSC 2024 exam application form

14 February 2024 to 5 March 2024

UPSC 2024 admit card

To be released

UPSC 2024 Civil Services Prelims exam

26 May 2024

UPSC 2024 Civil Services Mains exam

20 September 2024

UPSC Eligibility Criteria 2024

The candidates must check the below-provided eligibility criteria for the UPSC examination. If they fulfill the eligibility criteria, then only they can appear for the examination. It is necessary to fulfill the eligibility to fill out the application form. Let’s check the below-provided table for that – 

Age Limit21 to 32 years
Age relaxationAs per the category (mentioned below)
Educational Qualification for UPSC Civil ServicesGraduation from any recognized university

Check out the complete:- UPSC Syllabus

Number of Attempts for the UPSC Exam

  1. For General Category and OBC who belongs to the Creamy layer – 7 attempts
  2. For SC/ST classification – No relaxation till the age of 35 years.
  3. OBC Non-creamy layer – 7 attempts

UPSC Exam Pattern 2024

Check here for the UPSC Prelims Exam Pattern below – 

Name of the PaperNo of Questions    Marks Allotted Time Allotted  Nature of Exam
Paper I: General Studies (Objective-type)1002002 hoursThe score will be considered for Cut-off
Paper-II: General Studies-II (CSAT) (Objective-Type)802002 hoursQualifying Nature- Candidates will have to score 33% to qualify CSAT.

Check here UPSC Mains Exam Pattern

PaperSubjectDurationTotal marksTime AllottedNature of paperType of Paper
Paper ACompulsory Indian language3 hours3003 hoursQualifyingDescriptive  
Paper BEnglish3 hours3003 hoursQualifyingDescriptive
Paper IEssay3 hours2503 hoursMeritDescriptive
Paper-IIGeneral Studies I3 hours2503 hoursMeritDescriptive
Paper IIIGeneral Studies II3 hours2503 hoursMeritDescriptive
Paper IVGeneral Studies III3 hours2503 hoursMeritDescriptive
Paper VGeneral Studies IV3 hours2503 hoursMeritDescriptive
Paper VIOptional I3 hours2503 hoursMeritDescriptive
Paper VIIOptional II3 hours2503 hoursMeritDescriptive

Important Books for the UPSC Preparation 2024

Here, you can find the list of important books for the preparation of UPSC exam. Apart from the NCERT books, here are a number of books that play an important role in UPSC Preparation – 

Name of the BookAuthor’s name
Indian PolityM. Laxmikanth
Important Judgments that Transformed IndiaAlex Andrews George
Important Acts that Transformed IndiaAlex Andrews George
Ancient and Medieval IndiaPoonam Dalal Dahiya
Indian Art and Culture Nitin Singhania
Certificate Physical And Human GeographyGoh Cheng Leong
Geography of IndiaMajid Husain
Modern Indian HistorySonali Bansal and Snehil Tripathi
Science and TechnologyRavi P. Agrahari
Environment and EcologyVaishali Anand
Lexicon for Ethics, Integrity and AptitudeNiraj Kumar

Also See UPSC Preparation Books


Constitutional status

Part 14 of the constitution deals with Services under the Union and the state. Under this, Articles 315 to 323 provide for a public service commission for the union and each state.

Article 315 calls for the Union Public service commission at the Union level. UPSC is one of the few institutions that work with full freedom and autonomy like the Election commission.


Article 316 of the constitution talks about the chairman and the other members of the UPSC. As per the article, the President shall appoint the chairman and the other members.

In case the office becomes vacant his duties are performed by other members of the commission as decided by the president.


The member of the UPSC commission shall hold the office for a term of six years or 64 years whichever is earlier.


As per article 318, the president is empowered to determine the number of members of the commission and service conditions. In the same way, the president can also make provision for the number of staff members and the condition of service.

Conditions of reappointment

The chairman of UPSC on the expiry of the term cannot be reappointed but the other members can be appointed to the position of chairman of UPSC or the chairman of State public service commission but not under any other government employment at state and union level. This is discussed in Article 319 of the Constitution. 


Article 317 talks about the removal of the officials of the Union Public Service Commission.

The president can remove the chairman on the ground of misbehaviour after the SC in the report said that the chairman or the member ought to be removed.

The grounds of the Removal of the officials are as follows -:

  • Is an insolvent or one can say he /she is bankrupt
  • If he/ she involved in any paid employment outside the duties of their office
  • If he/ she is unfit to hold the office because of the infirmity of mind or body according to the opinion of the president
  • If he/she holds an office of profit


The salaries, expenses, pensions, and other allowances of the members and the staff if the commission are all charged by the consolidated fund of India. This is mentioned in Article 321.

Extension of function

The UPSC may be entrusted with other additional functions concerning the union as per Article 321 of the constitution.


The president presents annually a report in the parliament which talks about the work done by the commission mentioned in article 323. Further on receipt of such a report, a copy will be submitted before each house, and reasons for not accepting the advice of the commission will be explained.

Organisational structure

The commission consists of the chairman and other members who are appointed. President.

The commission generally has 9 to 11 members including the chairman and tenure is six years or until they reach the age of 64 years whichever is earlier.

Further, the conditions of service are decided based on the Union Public service commission (members) regulations, of 1969. The chairman and members can any time submit their resignation to the president of India. 


The Commission is serviced by a secretariat headed by a secretary with four additional secretariats.

Also read: How to Prepare for UPSC


The full form of UPSC is the Union Public Service Commission. It is a constitutional body in India responsible for conducting civil service examinations, selecting candidates for various prestigious positions in the government, and advising the President on matters related to recruitment, promotions, and disciplinary actions for civil servants.

Important Pages

IAS Full FormBPL Full Form
CBI Full FormDSP Full Form
IPS Full FormFSSAI Full Form
NCC Full FormIRS Full Form
NSA Full FormPSLV Full Form

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Download UPSC Prelims previous year questions

UPSC Prelims 2022 Questions with AnswersClick here to Download
UPSC Prelims 2021 Questions with AnswersClick here to Download
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UPSC Prelims 2019 Questions with AnswersClick here to Download
UPSC Prelims 2018 Questions with AnswersClick here to Download
UPSC Prelims 2017 Questions with AnswersClick here to Download
UPSC Prelims 2016 Questions with AnswersClick here to Download
UPSC Prelims 2015 Questions with AnswersClick here to Download
UPSC Prelims 2014 Questions with AnswersClick here to Download
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Frequently Asked Questions

Get answers to the most common queries related to the UPSC Exam Preparation.

What is the Full Form of UPSC?

Answer: The full form of UPSC is the Union Public Service Commission.

What were the preceding agencies before UPSC?

Answer: The preceding agencies were – Federal Public Service Commission and the Public service commissi...Read full

Where is the headquarters of UPSC located and what are the functions of UPSC?

Answer: The headquarters of UPSC is located at Dholpur House, Shahjahan Road, New Delhi. The main function of UPSC i...Read full

What are the parent department of UPSC and the ministry under which UPSC falls?

 Answer:  The parent department is the Government of India and the ministry ...Read full

Who were the first and the current Chairman of UPSC ?

Answer: Sir Ross Barker was the first chairman and the Current chairman is Pradeep Kumar Joshi.

When was the UPSC formed?

Answer:  In 1926 on 1st October UPSC was formed.

What is UPSC Exam?

Answer: UPSC Exam refers to the Union Public Service Commission Exam, which is a highly competitive examination conducted by the government of Indi...Read full