Nandini Maharaj is teaching live on Unacademy Plus
JAPAN'S INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION PART 6 BY NANDINI MAHARAJ
Effects of Japanese Industrial Revolution: Social and Cultural Effects of Industrialization A massive population increase that supplied cheap labor but strained resources and stability. -In the cultural sphere, the government introduced a universal education system stressing science, technology, and loyalty to the nation .The scientific approach enhanced the earlier secular bent of elite culture.
along with the calendar and metric system. Christianity, however, gained few converts. -In family life, the birth rate dropped as population growth forced movement from the land and factory labor made children less useful. -Family instability showed in a high divorce rate. The traditional view of the inferiority of women in the household continued; formality of manners and diet were maintained
-Shintoism (The ancient indigenous religion of Japan; characterized by a veneration of nature spirits and of ancestors) found new believers.
International Impact of Industrialization: The changes in Japan's economic power influenced foreign policy. By the 1890s, they joined the imperialist nations. -The change gave displaced samurai a role and provided nationalist stimulation for the populace. -Japan's need for raw materials helped pressure expansion. China and Japan fought over Korea in 1894-1895; Japan's quick victory demonstrated the presence of a new Asian power.
A 1902 alliance with Britain made it an equal partner in the great power diplomatic system Rivalry with Russia brought war in 1904 and another Japanese victory Korea was annexed in 1910. The rise of Japan changed the world diplomatic picture by the early twentieth century. -Japan was not yet a major world power, but Westerners thought about a "Yellow Peril" as they watched its new strength.
The Strain of Modernization -Poor living standards in crowded cities and arguments between generations over Westernization The emergence of political parties caused disputes with the political assassinations. -Loss of identity in a changing world; -Lack of economic opportunities for the enlarged educated class Loyalty to the emperor was urged
-Japanese nationalism built on traditions of superiority and cohesion, deference to rulers, and the tensions from change. lts strength was a main factor in preventing the revolutions occurring in other industrializing nations. No other nation outside the West matched Japan's achievements.
THANK YOU! Please rate, review and recommend! FOLLOW ME @ https://unacademy.com/user/NandiniMaharaj