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Industrial Revolution in England
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This lesson discusses the beginning of the Industrial Revolution in England and the innovations behind the Industrial Revolution

Nandini Maharaj
MA in Applied Human Rights from Sheffield Hallam University, BA (Hons.) History from LSR, reader, dancer, love to teach, AIR 42 in 2018 UPSC

U
Unacademy user
Sir plz make course on advance accounting
  1. THE INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION IN ENGLAND BY NANDINI MAHARAJ


  2. unacaden .BA (Hons.) History . Hobbies: reading, dancing . Rate, review and recommend! Lady Shri Ram College for Women MA Applied Human Rights . Sheffield Hallam University Kapila Hingorani Scholar Follow me @ https://unacademy.com/ user/NandiniMaharai/courses


  3. About the time of the American Revolution, Great Britain started using machines to make cloth and steam engines to run the machines. -Locomotives were soon invented Productivity began to climb By 1850, England was the workshop of the world


  4. Was it a 'revolution' or and 'evolution'? Revolution: immediate Evolution takes time .NRF Crafts: 'revolution' for Industrial Revolution is a misnomer. -Industrial development in the 18th century was a culmination of gradual changes. -It's impact was evolutionary: as time went on, new methods of production and treatment of workers emerged, markets kept opening etc Revolutionary: Between mid 18th to mid 19th century England changed dramatically -roads, railways, rivers and canals sprang up


  5. Villages became populous towns -Factories replaces farms British society changed - there was mass migration This relatively sudden change in the way people live deserves to be called a revolution


  6. Technological Developments During the Industrial Revolution Metallurgy -Replacement of wood and other bio-fuels with coal for smelting Coal more efficient and abundant Smelting iron using cupolas (furnaces): Sir Clement Clerke Coke to fuel blast furnace: Abraham Darby .Rolling and puddling: Henry Cort (new process of manufacturing iron) Hot blast: JB Neilson (saved energy in making pig iron


  7. -Textiles: .Flying shuttle: John Kay Spinning Jenny: James Hargreaves -Steam power: James WAtt Chemicals: sulphuric acid (by John Roebuck), dyestuffs (Germany took leadership) Agriculture: seed drill, Dutch plough, threshing machine Mining: steam pump by Savery to remove water from mines