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INDUSTRIALISATION IN JAPAN PART 2 BY NANDINI MAHARAJ
Meiji Era Political Change in the Meiji State: The Meiji government abolished feudalism; the daimyos were replaced by nationally appointed prefects in 1871 The new centralised administration expanded state power to carry out economic and social change. Samurai officials were sent to Europe and the United States to study their economies, technologies, and political systems.
-in 1871, a group of Japanese polticians kwns the ion toured Europe and the U lwakura Miss SA to learn western ways. There was a deliberate state-led industrialization policy to enable Japan to quickly catch up. -Between 1873 and 1876, the government abolished the samurai class (member of a powerful military caste in feudal Japan) and its state stipends. Most samurai became impoverished Many sought opportunities in commerce and politics. By 1889, the political reconstruction was complete. Political parties formed on regional levels.
.The Meiji created a new conservative nobility from former nobles and Meiji leaders; they sat in a British-style House of Peers. The bureaucracy was reorganised, expanded, and opened to those taking civil service examinations. The constitution of 1889 gave major authority to the emperor and lesser power to the lower house of the Diet. .High property qualifications limited the right to vote to about 5% of the male population. The system gave power to an oligarchy of wealthy businessmen and former nobles that controlled political currents into the twentieth century.
Japan had imitated the West but had identity. the West but had retained its own
Twin Policies: The Meiji government was committed to the twin policies of wealthy country and strong military. .Renegotiating its treaties with the Western powers infrastructure for industrialization. .It built a modern navy and army -This formed the basis for a burgeoning Japanese empire in Asia and the Pacific.
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