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Effects of the Industrial Revolution
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This lesson discusses the effects of the Industrial Revolution in England

Nandini Maharaj is teaching live on Unacademy Plus

Nandini Maharaj
MA in Applied Human Rights from Sheffield Hallam University, BA (Hons.) History from LSR, reader, dancer, love to teach, AIR 42 in 2018 UPSC

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  1. EFFECTS OF THE INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION BY NANDINI MAHARAJ


  2. Effects of the Industrial Revolution Working conditions -working class was 80% of the population Little or no bargaining power Population was increasing Landowners were enclosing common village lands People flocked to the towns .High unemployment rate in the first phase .No laws to regulate working conditions Combination Acts in 1799 and 1800 made it illegal for workers to unionise


  3. Skills and talents of artisans like hand weavers became outdated .Safety hazards in factories .Little social mobility Workers incomes: from 1790 - 1850: real wages didn't increase Began increasing after 1850, working conditions also slightly improved


  4. -Living conditions Quality of life decreased Little time for recreation .Poorhouses were set up by the government Poor Law of 1834 set up workhouses These were deliberately harsh places to live to discourage people from staying on relief Families were separated


  5. Urbanisation In 1850, for the first time in the world, more people in a country lived in cities than in rural areas .London: 2 million population in 1840, 5 million in 1890 First railroads in the world connect the textile town of Manchester to the coal fields of Lancashire and the port of Liverpool Cities became sources of wealth .Working class neighbourhoods were bleak, crowded, dirty, polluted places .Public health was poor Life expectancy fell


  6. -Child labour Integral to the industrial revolution MP Micheal Sadler sought to pass a bill to decrease child labour and all factories to have a 10 hour working day Working class families Agricultural families worked together as a unit of production .Work and play time were flexible and interwoven .Industrialisation broke up the family economy Work and home life became sharply separated This separation was along the lines of gender


  7. Emerging middle class Until the industrial revolution, broadly just the aristocracy and the peasant class existed


  8. Colonialism sped up (scramble for Africa) New philosophical doctrines like Romanticism and Socialism (a critique of capitalism) emerged -Trade unionism began -Reform movements like Chartism begar Change in people's relationship with nature


  9. Reforms in Britain Factory Acts to regulate working conditions .Regulation of Child Labour Law in 1833 reducing working hours for children and making school mandatory Mines and Collieries Act of 1942 setting the minimum age for children in mines at 10 Factories Act 1844 limiting working hours to 12 per day for women and children and making ill owners accountable for the protection of workers Ten Hours Bill of 1847 limiting working hours for women and children