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JAPAN'S INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION PART 4 BY NANDINI MAHARAJ
Japan's Industrial Revolution -The industrial revolution began about 1870 as Meiji period leaders decided to catch up with the West. The government built railroads, improved roads, and inaugurated a land reform program to prepare the country for further development. .It inaugurated a new Western-based education system for all young people, -sent thousands of students to the United States and Europe,
-hired more than 3,000 Westerners to teach modern science, mathematics, technology, and foreign languages in Japan. Modern industry first appeared in textiles, including cotton and especially silk, which was based in home workshops in rural areas A Western-style army and navy were created New banks were established to fund trade and provide investment capital. .Railways and steam vessels improved national communications
Many old restrictions on commerce, such as guilds and internal tariffs, were removed. .Land reform cleared the way for individual ownership and stimulated production Government initiative dominated manufacturing because of lack of capital and unfamiliar technology. A ministry of industry was created in 1870 to establish overall economic policy and operate certain industries. Model factories were created to provide industrial experience, and an expanded education system offered technical training
Private enterprise was involved in the growing economy, especially in textiles. Entrepreneurs came from all social ranks. .By the 1890s, huge industrial combines had been formed. Thus, by 1900, Japan was fully engaged in an industrial revolution. -lts success in managing foreign influences was a major accomplishment, but Japan before World War I was still behind the West. -lt depended on Western imports-of equipment and coal and on world economic conditions. Successful exports required inexpensive labor.
Labor organization efforts were repressed
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