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Causes of the Industrial Revolution - II
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This lesson discusses the causes of the Industrial Revolution

Nandini Maharaj
MA in Applied Human Rights from Sheffield Hallam University, BA (Hons.) History from LSR, reader, dancer, love to teach, AIR 42 in 2018 UPSC

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  2. unacaden .BA (Hons.) History . Hobbies: reading, dancing . Rate, review and recommend! Lady Shri Ram College for Women MA Applied Human Rights . Sheffield Hallam University Kapila Hingorani Scholar Follow me @ user/NandiniMaharai/courses

  3. World Trade -Increased gradually in the centuries before the revolution Gave England access to raw materials and a market for goods .Britain had a high wage, cheap energy economy This created incentives for the industrialists to adapt innovations To substitute capital and energy for labour

  4. Cotton industry -Transition industry from rural to industrial economy Damp mild weather of England provided ideal conditions for the spinning of cotton, a natural starting point for the birth of the texts industry

  5. Political, Societal and Geographical Factons -Stable political situation in England from 1688 (Glorious Revolution) British societies greater receptiveness to change Enclosure movement: peasantry destroyed as significant source of resistance to industrialisation, landed upper classes developed commercial interests. They got secure property rights. -Abolition of slavery had a positive social and economic impact Island geography protected it from the incessant wars of Europe

  6. Napoleonic Wars The Continental Blockade pushed Britain for self-reliance Britain emerged from the Napoleonic Wars as the only European nation not to be ravaged by financial plunder and economic collapse, possessing the only useful merchant fleet of any size

  7. Protestant work ethic -Faith in progress, technology and hard work -Individual freedom -Frugality inspite of wealth Attention to study of maths and science