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Causes of the Industrial Revolution - I
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This lesson discusses the causes of the Industrial Revolution in England

Nandini Maharaj is teaching live on Unacademy Plus

Nandini Maharaj
MA in Applied Human Rights from Sheffield Hallam University, BA (Hons.) History from LSR, reader, dancer, love to teach, AIR 42 in 2018 UPSC

U
Unacademy user
i love this lesson... Add a lesson about missile tech like "what is and ballistic and continental missile?" etc. thank you
  1. CAUses OF THE INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION - I BY NANDINI MAHARAJ


  2. unacaden .BA (Hons.) History . Hobbies: reading, dancing . Rate, review and recommend! Lady Shri Ram College for Women MA Applied Human Rights . Sheffield Hallam University Kapila Hingorani Scholar Follow me @ https://unacademy.com/ user/NandiniMaharai/courses


  3. Expanding commerce -1400: world commercial revolution Crusades and discovery of America opened new trade routes England had a strong central government Merchants and trading firms were supported -Gold and silver came from the new world Banks and credit system grew By 1750, England was the leading commercial nation


  4. Organising production rom cottage industry To putting out systenm To the factory system There was an accumulation of capital and machinery


  5. Why did the IR start in England? Agriculture revolution Enclosure movements - consolidated land, made it possible to introduce improved farming techniques Practice of cultivation of legumes to help land recover its fertility instead of letting it lie fallow This increased food and fodder available increased the size of herds for meat -Sturdier farm implements -Improved irrigation and farming methods Possible to feed the growing industrial population


  6. Population Growth and the British Empire East Anglia: centre of the woollen cloth industry -25% jobs depended on the port of London -18th century: expansion of trade with American colonies and India doubled the London population Rapid growth of population provincial and Scottish cities This meant that there was availability of labour -Increased demand The British Empire stimulated the British economy through specific eg The Navigation Acts excluded foreigners from trade in the colonies measures


  7. .Financial Innovation Central banks, stock markets and joint stock companies .Enlightenment and the Scientific Revolution Encouraged innovations Made people receptive to new ideas Navigable Rivers and Canals Adam Smith puts this as a key reason for Englands early succesS


  8. .Coal and Iron John Nef emphasises England abundance in these natural resources as a key reason Government policies -Protection to private property and commerce Spread of global trade Favourable patent laws Navy to protect trade -Grant of monopolies and financial incentives