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(GS3) UNEP Report | Doubling farmer's income
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In this course, we will discuss daily editorials for a structured preparation for Mains 2019.

Yasmin Gill
Discount Code-"yashi.gill01"/Qualified for UPSC mains/Rank 24th in Punjab PCS

U
Unacademy user
Very nice and help full videos sir
thank you very much mam
THANK YOU SO MUCH MAM....
  1. UNEP- GEO Doubling farmer's income By Yasmin Gill


  2. Profile Know your educator Yasmin Gill L9M 4-9 Yasmin Gill Educator ine October 2016 Referral Code yashi g0/Qualfied for UPSC mains/Rank 24th in Punjab PCS 160k 3 Edit Profile BE (EEE) from UIET, PU in 2014 Need help? Chat with us Educatot Status Active Qualified for UPSC Mains State Rank 24 in Punjab Civil Services 2015 Biling Information Feed Prae Follow me on Unacademy unacademy.com/user yashi.gill01


  3. plus Discount Code yashi.gill01 ETHICS, INTEGRITY & APTITUDIE Complete Course on Ethics, Integrity & Aptitude Lesson 27 Today, 6:00 PM Yasmin Gill OFF


  4. Discount Code- 'yashi.gillo1 QUESTION OF THE DAY- -The need of the hour is not just to double farmer's income, but to do so in a sustainable manner. Discuss


  5. Global Environmental Outlook The "grow now, clean up later approach" in most parts of the world has not factored in climate change, pollution or degradation of natural systems Contributed to increasing inequality within and between countries Directs attention to human costs of "poorly enforced environmental regulations" Most countries have laws to curb air pollution Number of people succumbing to ailments caused by exposure to PM 2.5 has increased by more than 10 % since 2010 India accounts for nearly a fifth of such preventable deaths.


  6. Water pollution -1.5 million premature deaths Antimicrobial resistance could become a leading cause of early death from infectious diseases worldwide by 2050 Use of pesticides and the dumping of industrial chemicals -fresh water- pollutants that can disrupt hormonal functions It encourages polic s to recognise that global or regional action is often essential due to the transboundary nature of many environmental problems There is scarcely any conversation between the agencies responsible for bringing down the levels of particulate matter in air and those involved in curbing greenhouse gas emission even though the mandate of both concerns is mitigating the effects of fossil fuel burning


  7. PM-KISAN Although amount involved per family is too little, yet direct income support (DIS) marks the beginning of a new policy directiorn It can reach about 86 % of farm families compared to loan waivers that can benefit a maximum of 30 % of peasantry and higher MSP policy which can benefit a maximum of 10-15 % of peasantry Similar moves made by a number of states, especially Telangana (Rythu Bandhu scheme), Odisha (KALIA scheme), West Bengal (Krishak Bandhu), and Jharkhand (Krishak Aashir wad Yojana) Each one has its pros and cons, and can be improvised in due course


  8. The first step change the policy mindset, and eliminate the inbuilt consumer bias in our food and agri-policies. Stopping of subsidies to consumers by suppressing food prices through archaic laws of the 1950s (such as Essential Commodities Act, 1955) Farmers cannot realise the best prices for their produce due to restrictive trade and marketing policies Further, the food subsidies need to be revisited to target it to the bottom 20-25 per cent of the population, rather than providing 90 per cent subsidy to 67 per cent of population This would provide a level playing field to farmers, improve their incentives and propel private investments


  9. It may be worth pointing out that such a policy of DIS is not a substitute, but a complement, to agri-marketing reforms on the one hand, and raising investments in agriculture on the other One of the key variables that influences the performance of any sector in the medium to long term is investments and capital formation in that sector With incremental capital output ratio (ICOR) hovering around 4:1, this level of investment cannot give more than 3 to 3.5 per cent growth rate in agriculture, and can never double farmers' incomes by 2022-23


  10. The share of public investments has gradually declined from 43.2 per cent in 1980-81 to 18.8 per cent in 2016-17 at current prices, and consequently, the share of private sector investments in agriculture has risen While the share of private investments in agriculture is overwhelming (81%), they need the right incentives to go up This is critical if the annual growth rate in agri-GDP is to be put on a sustainable trajectory of 49% + range PM-Kisan scheme is only a small step A more sustainable solution will be to carry out large-scale reforms in agri-marketing and trade policies, along the lines of GST with states, and, incentivising the private sector to build more efficient and inclusive value chains