Agriculture Export Policy 2018 By Yasmin Gill
Profile Know your educator Yasmin Gill L9M 4-9 Yasmin Gill Educator ine October 2016 Referral Code yashi g0/Qualfied for UPSC mains/Rank 24th in Punjab PCS 160k 3 Edit Profile BE (EEE) from UIET, PU in 2014 Need help? Chat with us Educatot Status Active Qualified for UPSC Mains State Rank 24 in Punjab Civil Services 2015 Biling Information Feed Prae Follow me on Unacademy unacademy.com/user yashi.gill01
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V AGRICULTURE EXPORT POLICY 2018 It targets to double the value of exports by 2022 Setting up of a monitoring framework While Ministry of Commerce will act as nodal department, other departments, agencies as well as state governments will be represented By June 2018, India had way more grain in reserve than it needed and so there is potential for export Centre has urged states to include last-mile farmers as an essential component of their respective export policies to streamline the national export policy for agricultural products
ISSUES- India has a track record to open up imports whenever prices of crucial food items (potato, onion, pulses, etc) start climbing. This hurts local producers Instances of sudden increase in export duties and lowering of import duties to keep food prices in check Also doubling exports may prove to be a steep task, given the depressed international market for foodgrain, sugar, cooking oil as well as dairy and meat products There will be an effort to dispose the excess, but the challenge-prices in international market are already lower than domestic prices Some experts suggest India shifts focus to indigenous, unique products from foodgrain for the international market.
ISSUES- Also farmers should know when to start sowing, as external factors like global price, impact the domestic situation The current MSP of wheat and rice make India foodgrain quite dear in the domestic market. In such cases, India cannot export it into the international market Political considerations drive MSPs, instead of world trade considerations
Most ministries work in silos with little coordination n, food and consu prices, finance to impose or vary tariffs, and commerce for exim policy. Doubling agri exports will remain a challenge unless genuine export surpluses are generated and stable exim policy is assured Moreover even if exports are liberalised, there is no guarantee we will succeed in the overseas markets because quality considerations will continue to play a critical role in foreign trade as seen in Chinese restrictions on import of Indian rapeseed and soybean meal.
For e.g. Two significant commodities, pulses and edible oil, remained in the restricted list for a long time despite a very liberal and unrestricted import policy. Restrictions on pulses export hurt primary producers Also it is required that after lifting restrictions, it is logical to have set a dialogue to promote commodities like pulses, with neighbouring trade partners Bangladesh and Sri Lanka