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(GS2) A new nuclear deterrence
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In this course, we will discuss daily editorials for a structured preparation for Mains 2019.

Yasmin Gill
Discount Code-"yashi.gill01"/Qualified for UPSC mains/Rank 24th in Punjab PCS

Unacademy user
wonderful explanation thank you so much mam
  1. A new nuclear deterrence -Social media and elections By Yasmin Gill

  2. Profile Know your educator Yasmin Gill L9M 4-9 Yasmin Gill Educator ine October 2016 Referral Code yashi g0/Qualfied for UPSC mains/Rank 24th in Punjab PCS 160k 3 Edit Profile BE (EEE) from UIET, PU in 2014 Need help? Chat with us Educatot Status Active Qualified for UPSC Mains State Rank 24 in Punjab Civil Services 2015 Biling Information Feed Prae Follow me on Unacademy yashi.gill01

  3. plus Discount Code yashi.gill01 ETHICS, INTEGRITY & APTITUDIE Complete Course on Ethics, Integrity & Aptitude Lesson 27 Today, 6:00 PM Yasmin Gill OFF

  4. Need of a new nuclear deterrence Latest conflagration across the India-Pakistan border, triggered by suicide bombing attack in Pulwama, has seta new watermark for the two nuclear-armed neighbours Classic deterrence logic from nuclear game theory would suggest that the present state is the best solution Either side has the ability to annihilate the other and that awareness deters any meaningful escalation of hostility and flips both sides back to a peaceful equilibrium

  5. This also explains why it is easy to periodically poke each other In the nuclear deterrence community, there is an idea called the stability-instability paradox: The overhanging threat of nuclear retaliation offers an insurance policy, which gives rise to moral hazard This helps explain a tendency towards proxy wars on the ground or dogfights in the air All these arguments are pre-digital age theorising The logic assumes that there are rational protagonists who are moving chess pieces on a chessboard and have a clear line of sight across the whole board

  6. . Digital media creates an alternative chessboard, out of sight The players are non-state micro-actors-who are not in the command-and-control chain leading to nuclear button:s Technology permits them to broadcast messages, and push the pieces on the parallel board The magic of digital media is that it often introduces change through imperceptible moves, which then gather force over powerful transmission mechanisms

  7. False and fiery narratives, in particular, have a way of being buoyed by the logic of digital transmission Consider the aftermath of the Pulwama attack. From Pakistan came the video of an injured Indian pilot that was carried to itter, Facebook and What Hashtags, memes and narratives can pick up momentunm even if they have little to do with the facts Each of these seemingly simple objects becomes a ral cry

  8. Digital medium is a powerful force not just as a transmitter of narratives or as an organiser of hashtag tribes; also a force to be reckoned with as a cyber weapon Pulwama, unsurprisingly, also led to a spike in cyber-attacks This follows a rather long tradition of cyber tit-for-tat between India and Pakistan, that pre-dates WhatsApp. Over the years, targets have ranged from embassies to government ministries to a myriad others, including military sites, universities, airports and e-banking systems The tools - mix of website defacement, spear phishing and malware They are not just annoyances, they can compromise national security assets

  9. To make matters even worse, governments do not quite understand how the digital platforms work and social media companies have repeatedly failed to monitor, assert control and weed out false narratives or malware It is time that the policymakers on both sides of the Indo-Pak border, and the digital platform companies are enabling

  10. Digital attacks can be enough to directly interfere with nuclear systems For e.g. Stuxnet, a highly sophisticated worm that infects computers and targets centrifuges for producing enriched uranium for nuclear reactors. Developed by the US and Israel, it was used to derail Iran's nuclear weapons programme Many such attacks are conducted by hacktivist groups; some are agents of the protagonists, but not all Many are independent actors and that is most worrisome There are many ways to disrupt the clean calculus of nuclear deterrence in the digital age Inadvertent nuclear launches could be triggered by reliance on false information and corrupted data