.Stubble Burning and Economic Loss Solar Rooftop By Yasmin Gill
Know your educator Yasmin Gill BE (EEE) from UIET, PU in 2014 Qualified for UPSC Mains State Rank 24 in Punjab Civil Services 2015 Follow me on Unacademy https://unacademy.com/user/yashi.gilloi
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Discount Code for Plus- 'yashi.gill01' QUESTION OF THE DAY Q- Stubble Burning in India not only poses a health challenge, but also an economic challenge. Elaborate
Economic Loss by stubble buming CONTEXT Study by researchers at the University of Washington and the International Food Policy Research Institute India loses $30 billion every year from crop fires, especially in the northem states of Punjab, Haryana, and Delhi, a new study estimates Satellite data from NASA for crop fires merged with results of the fourth round of National Health Survey conducted in Haryana Result- It is not only the residents of Delhi, but also farmers and their families in rural Haryana who are the first victims Showed a threefold increase in risk of acute respiratory infection, especially in children below five, in districts that reported the highest crop fires Spike in asthma-related emergency-room visits and hospitalizations in October & November when famers clear their fields for the next crop It is a public health emergency and no longer a mere environmental issue Therefore will lead to increase the healthcare costs over time and decrease in productivity of residents
The relation between pollution and mortality is well-established Nearly 12.5% of the total deaths in India in 2017 were attributable to air pollution, which remains the third leading risk factor for mortality in country In next five years economic loss because of buning of crop residue is likely to cost nearly 1.7% of India's gross domestic product (GDP) Rice cultivation is the primary source of stubble buning The best long-term solution is shifting cropping pattem away from paddy It contributes both to air pollution and severe water depletion
Government Farmers in Punjab and Haryana-Happy seeders at a subsidised cost. The seeders allow farmers to plant seeds without having to clear older paddy fields. However, farmers deemed the technology too expensive and the plan failed Only high-value paddy such as basmati should be preferred. However, this is expensive and its market is extremely competitive Punjab and Haryana govemments mandated in 2009 that farmers could only plant water-intense paddy crops in mid-June. This was to prevent groundwater depletion in the summer and delay paddy cultivation till the monsoons However, this left farmers little time to shift to planting winter crops after their October harvest. So as an altenative, they bumt the stubble off the paddy field Instead the govenment should incentivise crop diversification In early 1970s, these parts of Punjab and Haryana neither cultivated nor ate rice. But higher procurement prices and electricity subsidies (to extract ground water) encouraged them to shift from maize to rice
Rooftop Solar and its challenges CCEA has approved phase 2 of the grid-connected rooftop solar programme with a focus on the residential sector India Target of achieving 40 GW of rooftop solar capacity by 2022 However, while there has been progress on rooftop solar installations among industries and commercial consumers, the uptake among residential nsumers has been slow ISSUES TO BE ADDRESSED Urban residential electricity consumers are still hesitant to consider rooftop solar power for their homes. This is due to lack of information about it, (2018 study by the World Resources Institute) One of the key barriers to installing rooftop solar systems is that they do not know who to contact to understand the processes to be followed and permissions required There is no single source to access information, evaluate benefits and disadvantages, and examine if any govemment support (financial subsidy) is available.
The local electricity linesmen, electricity inspectors, and other nodal officials in the electricity department also have key roles to play Building their capacities to disseminate such information and handle consumer queries and concems, and providing basic training in billing and metering for solar power Objective information through various avenues, so that it is accessible to all segments of the population and in local languages Such awareness drives will reach larger audiences Information kiosks can be set up in public institutions like banks to offer information on the technology, as well as on practical issues such as guidance on selecting vendors A robust feedback mechanism can be put in place for consumers to share their experiences with others.
Most of the technical information provided by various sources, including the government, tends to be Intemet-based Less than 20% of respondents rely on the Intemet to make a decision conceming rooftop solar systems A significant majority of consumers seek face-to-face discussions and recommendations from friends and family. Way forward Devising simple, well-designed and creative ways to disseminate information Information must be made easily available to the consumers on the amount of shadow-free roof area needed for generating a unit of electricity and pricing ; operating the system, after-sales maintenance and support and reliable rooftop solar vendors.
Policies that make it more accessible and affordable Consumer groups and development organisations have a significant role
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