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(GS2) Draft Emigration Policy
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In this course, we will discuss daily editorials for a structured preparation for Mains 2019.

Yasmin Gill
Discount Code-"yashi.gill01"/Qualified for UPSC mains/Rank 24th in Punjab PCS

U
Unacademy user
  1. Draft Emmigration Policy By Yasmin Gill


  2. Know your educator Yasmin Gill BE (EEE) from UIET, PU in 2014 Qualified for UPSC Mains State Rank 24 in Punjab Civil Services 2015 Follow me on Unacademy https://unacademy.com/user/yashi.gilloi


  3. plus Discount Code yashi.gill01 ETHICS, INTEGRITY & APTITUDIE Complete Course on Ethics, Integrity & Aptitude Lesson 27 Today, 6:00 PM Yasmin Gill OFF


  4. Discount Code for Plus- 'yashi.gill01' QUESTION OF THE DAY Q- Draft Emigration Bill doesn't take into account current international paradigm relating to labour market protectionism. Elaborate


  5. Draft Emigration Bill 2019 The draft Emigration Bill 2019, recently released by MEA, and currently pending parliamentary approval, proposes a new legislative framework for matters related to emigration of Indian nationals It is set to replace the extant one under the Emigration Act of 1983 India is among a handful of countries that has explicit legislation for romoting emigration Historically, countries which have enacted emigration laws like Soviet Union in the post-World War I period, restricting East-West migration in Eastem Bloc, or North Korea today have used such legislation to essentially prohibit intemational movement of their nationals The laws of most countries today address only immigration


  6. Draft Emigration Bill 2019 The intention is consistent with the govemment's effort to weed out anachronistic laws and update them in line with modem conventions UN's "2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development", for e.g., has for the first time recognized migration as a core element of global development agenda and has set several it targets that relate to These cover student mobility, human trafficking and exploitation, labour migration and employment, migration govemance, remittances and migration data One objective of the new legislation global agenda on these matters Conform with the contemporary


  7. The emigration bill is significant for two other aspects First, since 1983, there has been a structural shift in the quantum, nature, pattem and direction of emigration from India Latest World Migration Report published by the Intemational Organization for Migration, India largest country of origin for intermational migrants; the largest recipient of remittances; and figures in five of the top 20 migration corridors from Asian countries 1983 Act, enacted in specific context of large-scale emigration to the Gulf, falls short in addressing the wide geo-economic, geo-political and geo-strategic impact that emigration has today.


  8. Second, govemment's attitude towards intemational migrants has changed From labelling NRIs as "non-required Indians" at height of the "brain drain in the 1970s and 1980s to addressing them as "India's brand ambassadors and "symbols of our capacities and capabilities", India's position on the phenomenon has come a long way The proposed bill, with facus on strengthening the institutional framework for emigration management, affirms that shift in outlook Draft bill proposes a three-tier institutional framework with the MEA as the nodal ministry At top, a central Emigration Management Authority proposed for policy In middle, a Bureau of Emigration Policy and Planning, and a Bureau of At the bottom, nodal authorities in states and UTs shall coordinate aspects guidance and supervision Emigration Administration shall handle day-to-day operational matters and oversee the welfare of emigrants of management related to both emigrants and retumees


  9. That said, contours of new bill still appear to focus on managing blue-collar emigration This is evident as draft bill lists at length the duties and functions of recruitment agencies and sub-agents, which, include skill upgradation and pre-departure orientation programmes designed to serve only such emigrants Blue-collared workers are more vulnerable to exploitation and migration shocks But the bill must offer policies that better reflect the current nature and pattern of emigration specifically, white-collared emigrants For example, as per draft bill, EMA shall have representation from only two other ministries: MHA and MHRD It notably excludes representation of the ministry of commerce and industry. the nodal ministry involved in Mode 4 negotiations (movement of natural persons) under GATS at WTO


  10. At a time when nativism has led to heightened protectionism, policy formulation on migration will increasingly need integration with trade and investment aqreements This shall necessitate a However, in its proposed form, such horizontal policy coherence is unlikely to be achieved cross-sectoral approach The draft Emigration Bill 2019 does improve upon the extant legislative framework by adopting a whole-of-cycle migration approach But, the current intemational paradigm relating to labour market protectionism demands a wider approach Also we need to move from merely enacting emigration management legislation to practising more broad-based diaspora engagement policies that could provide a cushion in these turbulent times


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