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(GS2) Electoral Reforms
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In this course, we will discuss daily editorials for a structured preparation for Mains 2019.

Yasmin Gill
Discount Code-"yashi.gill01"/Qualified for UPSC mains/Rank 24th in Punjab PCS

U
Unacademy user
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  1. ectoral Reforms By Yasmin Gill


  2. Profile Know your educator Yasmin Gill L9M 4-9 Yasmin Gill Educator ine October 2016 Referral Code yashi g0/Qualfied for UPSC mains/Rank 24th in Punjab PCS 160k 3 Edit Profile BE (EEE) from UIET, PU in 2014 Need help? Chat with us Educatot Status Active Qualified for UPSC Mains State Rank 24 in Punjab Civil Services 2015 Biling Information Feed Prae Follow me on Unacademy unacademy.com/user yashi.gill01


  3. plus Discount Code yashi.gill01 ETHICS, INTEGRITY & APTITUDIE Complete Course on Ethics, Integrity & Aptitude Lesson 27 Today, 6:00 PM Yasmin Gill OFF


  4. ALE ELECTORAL REFORMS - LIVEMINT First-past-the-post (FPTP) electoral system seems to encourage polarization, since in a multi-corner contest, even a low vote share is enough to get you elected and this often involves an extreme ideological focus on a core voter base One consequence is the trend of constituents being micro-targeted with customized messages Another result is non-linear relationship between vote share and seat share. Even a 1% vote swing can increase a party's seat share by 10-15% Electoral reforms are overdue.


  5. Broadly, make the process more transparent, disqualify criminal elements, mandate greater disclosure of money power, forge inner-party democracy and raise voter participation Elections vulnerable to influence of three 'M's: money, muscle and media EC's job is to minimize this influence Next is how representative of Indians are our MPs? We have seen a widening gap between the people and their representatives Of course, it is nobody's case that only a poor candidate can represent the poor


  6. Be it MPs or MLAs, elected representatives are agents of the people In economics lingo, this is a principal-agent problem, where people are the "principal" Whoever they elect has to at least act in their best interest In the absence of any other signal of "credibility" from candidates, voters often make choices based on caste, muscle power or charisma to meet their demands


  7. There are gaps between electors and the elected on such parameters as age, gender, wealth, criminality, education, dynasty and size of constituency The average age 56 in the outgoing one India's median age, however, is just 26 Two-thirds of the population is below 35. Yet our MPs are getting older. In contrast, the so-called ageing countries like the UK, Italy, France and Canada are electing much younger leaders On gender, women account for only 12% of LS At least three states have zero female MPs . Less than 10% of candidates are women


  8. . on wealth, 82% of all LS members have declared wealth of more than 1 crore The average income is nearly 20 times India's present per capita income On criminality, the proportion of MPs with criminal cases has been going up steadily These are cases for which if they were convicted, they would not have been allowed to contest Heinous crimes like rape, murder, kidnapping and extortion But the law does not bar them from contesting elections, even from prison Surely, voters cannot accept lawmakers who are themselves lawbreakers


  9. Finally, since size of India's parliament is frozen, we have a curious anomaly of constituency sizes ranging from a few thousand to over 3 million India will soon have to grapple the issue of delimitation of constituencies and increase the number of MPs if it wants to retain the representativeness of parliament that's essential to democracy


  10. Gratitude is the best attitude RATE, REVIEWAND RECOMMEND