Blue Revolution in India By Yasmin Gill
Know your educator Yasmin Gill BE (EEE) from UIET, PU in 2014 Qualified for UPSC Mains State Rank 24 in Punjab Civil Services 2015 Follow me on Unacademy https://unacademy.com/user/yashi.gilloi
Discount Code for Plus- 'yashi.gill01 QUESTION OF THE DAY- Q- India has recently established a separate Dpt of Fisheries. What do you think are the challenges that ail the sector and how can this new development address them?
CONTEXT - Creating a separate department for fisheries in the Union 9 ovemment is a significant step IMPORTANCE of the sector India is the world's second-largest fish producer Fisheries are the country's single-largest agriculture export Growth rate of the sector is greater than that of farm sector Fisheries are the primary source of livelihood for several communities Concentrated effort by an independent department could help achieve objective of doubling farmers income, provided its policies address the challenge of sustainability However, like in rest of the world, India's fisheries sector faces the challenge of sustainability FAO's State of World Fisheries and Aquaculture -Nearly 90 per cent of the global marine fish stocks have either been fully-exploited, or over-fished or depleted to an extent that recovery may not be biologically possible.
The policy envisages intensive fish farming through increased stocking of seed, better feed quality and diversification of species Innovative practices - re-circulatory aquaculture system aim to realise the goal of more crop per drop As a result, the productivity of freshwater fish farms has gone up Productivity of brackish water coastal aquaculture has also increased The govemment has invested in hatcheries to meet the ever-increasing demand for good quality fish seed Future policies must prioritise seed production in order to attain self-sufficiency in the sector Introduction of cage culture in reservoirs and other open water bodies has led to an increase in output This gives freedom to fishermen from the risk of traversing dangerous rivers and restricted reservoirs Open sea cage culture is at a pilot stage and the initial trials have given promising results. This may prove another game changer.
Recently, Andhra Pradesh and West Bengal, and earlier Kamataka, Nagaland and Sikkim had withdrawn consent to the CBI to operate. CBI, legally known as Delhi Special Police Establishment, cannot function in a state unless the matter is referred to it by a high court or Supreme Court or by the consent of the state govemment concemed Even the central govenment employees posted in states are not within its jurisdiction as per anti-corruption and other laws. There was always a demand for an all-India legislation to give the CBI statutory powers over central govenment employees posted anywhere in the country. But no such legislation has been passed State governments have resisted such a law on the plea that a central agency would take away the powers of policing vested in them Have been instances when CBI faced off with other law enforcement agencies like IB, Income Tax Authorities, ED and police forces of different states These were also due to the CBI lacking legal powers to operate on ar all-India basis. Such instances do not sit well with a system where rule of law is paramount.
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The investment in the Blue Revolution is being supplemented through the Fisheries and Aquaculture Infrastructure Development Fund Thisl meet the capital investment requirement of this sector The new department will give undivided attention to creating and strengthening infrastructure facilities in marine and inland fisheries and give a boost to aquaculture and post-harvest activities The country should be on its way to become a hub for sustainable fish production
Marine capture fishery comprises largely of small fishemen who operate traditional boats-either non-motorised vessels or boats with a basic outboard motor These vessels cannot operate beyond near shore waters High value species such as tuna cannot be caught by fishermen who use these vessels This means that while the near-shore coastal waters are highly overfished, the high value fish stock proliferates in the deep seas Hamessing these resources sustainably will bring immense benefits The new National Policy on Marine Fisheries, therefore, talks of introducing deep-sea fishing vessels and assisting fishing communities to convert their vessels and gears for the waters beyond At the same time, we need to be cautious of falling prey to the temptation of introducing large-scale industrial fishing- Factor in sustainability The policies framed by the new department should aim at enhancing productivity, better retums and increased incomes.