Social media and elections By Yasmin Gill
Profile Know your educator Yasmin Gill L9M 4-9 Yasmin Gill Educator ine October 2016 Referral Code yashi g0/Qualfied for UPSC mains/Rank 24th in Punjab PCS 160k 3 Edit Profile BE (EEE) from UIET, PU in 2014 Need help? Chat with us Educatot Status Active Qualified for UPSC Mains State Rank 24 in Punjab Civil Services 2015 Biling Information Feed Prae Follow me on Unacademy unacademy.com/user yashi.gill01
plus Discount Code yashi.gill01 ETHICS, INTEGRITY & APTITUDIE Complete Course on Ethics, Integrity & Aptitude Lesson 27 Today, 6:00 PM Yasmin Gill OFF
Election campaigns and cyber security It is widely accepted that the current general elections would be India's first polls to be shaped by the social media Foreign manipulation of elections is a major problem around the world. In the last few years there have been charges of external intervention in elections in countries as different as the US, Cambodia, Madagascar and Taiwan Voter behaviour can be changed by de-legitimising the election commission There was a time when the Indian political classes routinely accused the "foreign hand" for many unexpected developments, electoral or otherwise.
Election campaigns and cyber security Interfering in internal politics of other societies through overt and covert means is as old as statecraft Before the age of mass politics, it was about influencing royal succession, ensuring friendly sovereigns in one's neighbourhood,etc. As mass politics began to change governance in 20th century the Cold War dramatically elevated the great power stakes in the outcomes from domestic political contestation in other countries According to one study, America and Russia intervened in at least one in nine elections around the world between 1946 a nd 2000.
Election campaigns and cyber security Global war for political influence raged during the Cold War As India steadily became less vulnerable to outside political interferences, tendency to blame the "foreign hand" began to recede Fragmentation of Indian politics and rise of regional formations since end of the 1980s made it hard for any outsider to shape, electoral results End of the Cold War and the relative harmony among major powers meant there was less pressure on the great powers to intervene in India. Over the last decade or so, things have begun to change.
Election campaigns and cyber security The contestation between great powers has returned, slowly but certainly As the cyber domain emerged as a new theatre for political rivalry, charges have flown thick and fast about foreign intervention in the domestic politics of other countries Donald Trump's surprising victory has been followed by allegations of Russian intervention to manipulate the social media during the campaign The unprecedented speed of online communication, relative ease of spreading misinformation, the growing sophistication of fake news, the extraterritoriality of the web, the increasingg impact of the digital influence operations, criminal mafias, has helped constitute a new global cyber landscape
Election campaigns and cyber security The problem needs to be addressed at least at three levels One is for parties and political leaders to pay greater attention to cyber security of their campaigns and social media accounts. Two, major parties need a small, quiet and credible mechanism for mutual communication to contain the damage from hostile attempts to undermine Indian elections -Finally, the national security establishment must extend full support to the Election Commission in fending off many likely threats to the integrity of the elections and help raise the aware ness of the political class on the new dangers of the digital age
VII ( CODE OF ETHICS Social Media Platforms and Internet and Mobile Association of India (TAMA), presented a Voluntary Code of Ethics for the General Election 2019" to Chief Election Commissioner CEC- Good beginning but is essentially, a work in making Platforms have committed to process any violations reported under Section 126 of RP Act, 1951 within three hours as per Sinha Committee recommendations Platforms have also agreed to create a high priority dedicated reporting mechanism for the ECI and appoint dedicated teams during the period of General Elections for taking expeditious action on any reported violations.
CODE OF ETHICS Participants have also agreed to provide a mechanism for political advertisers to submit pre-certified advertisements issued by Media Certification and Monitoring Committee Promises to facilitate transparency in paid political advertisements Participants have also committed to voluntarily undertake voter awareness campaigns Will keep in mind freedom of speech & expression Effective from yesterday