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Institutions in News- Broadcast Audience Research Council of India (BARC: Why in News? Punit Goenka is the new chairman of BARC. BROADCAST AUDIENCE RESEARCH COUNCIL INDIA B A RIC
About BARC: .It is a collaborative Industry Company founded in 2010 by stakeholder bodies that represent Broadcasters, Advertisers, and Advertising and Media Agencies. BARC India was set up as per guidelines of the Ministry of Information & Broadcasting, Government of India. .Promoters of BARC India are Indian Broadcasting Foundation, Indian Society of Advertisers and Advertising Agencies Association of India. BARC India has evolved a transparent, accurate, and inclusive TV audience measurement system on the foundation of robust and future-ready technology backbone. .Together with the audience measurement system, BARC India provides a suite of Insight products designed for Broadcasters, Advertisers and Agencies. . The data generated and the insights provided by BARC India aids in making efficient decision making by the stakeholders.
Institutions in News- National Statistical Commission: The Government of India through a resolution dated 1st June, 2005 set up the National Statistical Commission (NSC) The setting up of the NSC followed the decision of the Cabinet to accept the recommendations of the Rangarajan Commission, which reviewed the Indian Statistical System in 2001. The NSC was constituted with effect from 12th July 2006 with a mandate to evolve policies, priorities and standards in statistical matters. . . The Commission consists of a part-time Chairperson, four part- time Members, an ex-officio Member and a secretary. The Chief Statistician of India who is the Head of the National Statistical Office is the Secretary of the Commission and the Chief Executive Officer of the NITI Aayog is the ex-officio Member of the commission. . The commission has also been entrusted with the functions of the Governing Council of the National Sample Survey Office which include overseeing the conduct of National Sample Surveys (NSS) on various socioeconomic subjects through the NSSO and the State Directorate of Economics and Statistics
Aber- the new digital currency: .Context: The central banks of the United Arab Emirates (UAE) and Saudi Arabia have launched a common digital currency called 'Aber', which will be used in financial settlements between the two countries through Blockchains and Distributed Ledgers technologies
The use of the currency will be restricted to a limited number of banks in each state In case that no technical obstacles are encountered, economic and legal requirements for future uses will be considered. .
Human Space Flight Centre (HSFC): The HSFC, the hub of ISRO's future manned missions, was inaugurated at ISRO headquarters in Bengaluru. HSFC shall be responsible for the implementation of Gaganyaan project which involves mission planning, development of engineering systems for crew survival in space, Sra crew selection and training and also pursue activities for sustained human space flight missions.
Cow urine may be adding to global warming: . Context: A study says cow urine may be adding to global warming. Bovine twist Ammonia: Cattle and buffaloes were the largest Top ammonia-emitting States Uttar Pradesh (12.7%) Madhya Pradesh (8.7%) West Bengal (84%) Top nitrous oxide-emitting States Uttar Pradesh (13.1%) Madhya Pradesh (896) Maharashtra (7.5%) contributors for ammonia from manure, accounting for 56.1% and 23.6% of emissions respectively Nitrous oxide: Cattle contributed the highest proportion (42.3%) of nitrous oxide emissions followed by buffalo (28.1%). goats (15.5%), sheep (9.5%) and other species (4.6%) Degradation threat 30% of India's geographical area (or about 96.4 million hectares) is degraded according to a 2012 satellite study by the Indian Space Research Organisation
How? .The urine from the ruminant is a source of nitrous oxide emissions (N20), a gas that is 300 times more powerful than carbon dioxide Most times, when cow urine is used in degraded pastures, N20 emissions are tripled. The cattle and livestock are a significant source of methane, a greenhouse gas, and therefore a contributor to global warming, is well-known. However, the role of cow urine is less understood -20% -80% N2O CH4 .
Africa Centre for Climate and Sustainable Development Context: The Africa Centre for Climate and Sustainable Development was inaugurated by the ltalian Prime Minister Giuseppe Conte at Rome. The centre has been opened by the ltalian government in association with the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and the Food and Agricultural Organisation (FAO) .
The centre will provide a fast-track, demand-driven mechanism for African countries to access grant resources that support policies, initiatives, and best practices on climate change, food security, access to water, clean energy, and accelerating progress on the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in Africa. .The centre would be hosted by UNDP which would utilise its extensive country office network and programmatic hubs, and global expertise and knowledge, to enable the African countries to access the resources available through it.
The Transparency International's Corruption Perception Index make the following observations: .Denmark is the world least corrupt country scoring 88 out of 100 points. Denmark is followed by New Zealand and Finland. Somalia has been ranked last with a score of 10 behind South Sudan and Syria. More than two-thirds of evaluated countries scored below 50 points, while the average score remained at last year's level of only 43 points. For the first time the United States dropped out of the top 20 and it was ranked at 22nd rank. Along with Brazil, US was placed in the watch list by Transparency International
Performance of India India's ranking increased from 81st in 2017 to 78 in 2018. India had slid from 79th rank in 2016. Since India gears up for general elections, there was a little significant movement in its CPI score, which moved from 40 in 2017 to 41 in 2018. In spite of spectacular public mobilisation in 2011, where citizens demanded the government to take action against corruption and advocated for the passage of the comprehensive Jan Lokpal bill, . . the efforts ultimately fizzled and fell flat, with little to no movement on the ground to build the specialist anti-corruption infrastructure required