DNA Based Prelims Booster News Discussior for PT - 2019 By - Ashish Singh
Ashish Singh Edit Profile VVERIFIED IB AC 1011-2017(Mains Qualified), UPSC aspirant Exam cleared, SSC (2014), SSC CGL Tier (2016-Qualified for Mains), DSSSB (Mains) 17,873 Views in last 30 days 281,573 Lifetime Views 62 Courses 9.6k Folloers 28 Following NEWS Indian Polity f By Ashish Singh By Ashish Singh By Ashish Singh February 2019: The Hindu Daily Editorial and Prelims Based... (Hindi) February, 2019 The Hindu Daily Editorial and Prelims... (Hindi) Understanding Entire Polity Through MCQs 8 Lessons 11 Lessons 5 Lessons
Govt. grants divisional status to Ladakh: Context: Jammu and Kashmir Governor Satya Pal Malik has granted Ladakh a divisional status It will comprise Leh and Kargil districts, with headquarters at Leh. Earlier, Ladakh was a part of the Kashmir division .There will be a separate administrative and revenue division for Ladakh. KASHMIR LADAKH .It will comprise Leh and Kargil districts, with headquarters at Leh. JAMMU Earlier, Ladakh was a part of the Kashmir division.
Implications: .With this, there shall be three administrative units of Jammu, Kashmir and Ladakh in the State .The move leaves the Kashmir valley geographically the smallest division at 15,948 sq. km, Jammu division at 26,293 sq. km and Ladakh, .the biggest division, at 86,909 sq. km. . Ladakh will now get its own Divisional Commissioner and Inspector General of Police. LADAKH What necessitated this? . During the winter months, the entire Ladakh region remains cut-off from the rest of the country for almost six months. The remoteness and inaccessibility of the area makes it eligible for establishing a separate division. .
Do vou know? A section in Leh has been demanding Union Territory status .The move leaves the Kashmir valley geographically the smallest division at 15,948 sq. km, Jammu division at 26,293 sq. km and Ladakh, the biggest division, at 86,909 sq. km. . Ladakh's Kargil and Leh districts - already have separate hill development councils for local administrative powers. . The Governor's decision has fuelled demands for similar status to Pir Panjal and Chenab Valley regions.
Startups to be listed for angel tax exemption Context: . We earlier dealt with articles with regard to Angel Tax and how start-ups were troubled by the so-called angel tax. IT department is free to arbitrarily decide the fair value of a company's share and tax start- ups if the price at which their new shares are sold to investors is higher than the fair value of ANGEL TAX these shares. IT officials have a free hand to harass even genuine start-ups looking to raise investments for their growth. .Unnecessary cost were imposed on the wider start-up community to tackle black money. Therefore, the government has set up a committee to recommend provisions that make life easier to a certain extent for angel investors and start-ups. .
In news: The Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade (DPlIT) and the Central Board of Direct Taxes (CBDT) agreed to compile a list of startups eligible for angel tax exemption . Startups will be listed for exemption based on New Normsstaraups thas pran TAX to raise funds from their audited rinancial statements and income tax according to thep for exempion Fonily ornices from the tax, an investor should have returned income of 50 lakh or more for the financial year preceding the year of investment and a net worth exceeding 2 crore, or the amount of investment angel groups will continue to face problems from the tax department over valuations, returns of the previous year. The government also decided to raise the maximum time limit below which a firm would be made or proposed, whichever is higher experts said deemed eligible for angel tax exemption to 10 years from the earlier seven. The paid-up share capital threshold below which startups would be eligible for an exemption has been set at 25 crore. (i.e., For investments below 25 crore, no questions would be asked.) .
Conservation of Gir Lions After as many as 23 lions died in Gujarat's Saving the roar . The Centre and the Gujarat government have joined hands for the conservation of the Asiatic Lion. A look at the the present situation of lions in the State virus infection), the Centre and the Gujarat government have announced a 97.85 crore Asiatic Lion Conservation Project. A key outcome of the project is to have a dedicated veterinary institute, "lion ambulances", and back-up stocks of vaccinesTotwl that may be required. The Gujarat government has envisaged a 'Greater Gir' that includes, other than the existing Gir National Park, sanctuaries in Girnar, Pania and Mitiyala. Key aspects of the conservation project include undertaking "habitat improvement" measures, making more sources of water available, creating a wildlife crime cell, and a task force for the Greater Gir region. Total number of lions Diseases they Lion habitats in State 523 battle: rabies, canine-distm Gir Sanctuary 2010 411 per virus, canine 1153 sq km feline immu- virus and feline 359 Gujarat Forest parvovirus, Gir National Park: Department census in 2015 2001 nodeficiency 258 qkm Girnar Sanctuary: 178.80 sq km Pania Sanctuary: 39.64 sq km Mitiyala Sanctuary: leukemia virus Key aspects of conservation project A dedlcated . More water sources veterinary instituteA GPS-based Lion ambus tracking system An automated sensor grld with ugnetic sersors, move 18.22 sq km mant sensors and infro -red beat sensors 1648.78 sq km .
Do you know? .There are close to 600 lions in Gujarat. However, there has been no move yet to translocate lions to a location outside Gujarat. There is a committee of experts examining the suitability of Madhya Pradesh as a potential lion reserve .The Kuno-Palpur Wildlife Sanctuary in Madhya Pradesh was identified to be the most suitable for reintroducing the species. The SC in April 2013 had ordered the translocation of some lions from Gujarat to Madhya Pradesh withix months, but this hasn't happened. Pantherine Cats
Key facts: IUCN Status: Endangered The lion is one of five pantherine cats inhabiting India, along with the . . Bengal tiger, Indian leopard, . snow leopard and clouded leopard. .It was also known as . "Indian lion" and . "Persian lion"
RBI cuts rates to spur growth RBI cuts 'repo rate, by 25 basis points to 6.25% in a bid to revive economic growth. The move will enable banks to lower their lending rates . . The RBI also simultaneously changed the stance of the policy to 'neutral' from 'calibrated tightening,' which indicates that the central bank remains ready to move in either direction based on incoming data .
What happens when RBl decreases repo rate? In order to cure depression and lack of effective demand, central bank decreases repo rates and lends to commercial banks at a reduced rate. Because of reduced rates, .commercial banks can acquire funds at a lower cost . and markets they pass their benefit of lower cost to consumers by . Since, lending rates are reduced by banks, and in order to acquire new consumers decreasing their prime lending rates on loans and advances. credit is cheap and this induces people to venture in new business activities ' and purchase of capital goods leading to increased demand for capital goods and increased employment rates.
Calibrated Tightening stance Calibrated Tightening stance means the RBI would either keep the rates constant or increase the rates Under this stance, key policy rates either remairn unchanged or increase. Decrease in policy rates is ruled out. Usually, this policy is adopted when there are concerns of higher rate of inflation.
E-cigarettes or Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems E-cigarettes, which dispense nicotine by heating a liquid, are a controversial subject. Even though their aerosols are thought to contain fewer carcinogens than cigarette smoke, experts are divided about their safety. India's Union Ministry of Health and Family Welfare favours a bar, Tricky question Can vaping help with harm reduction? Experts are divided. A look at some of the arguments FOR E-CIGARETTES . Fewer carcinogens Flavours increase appeal as clgarette-alternatlve AGAINST E-CIGARETTES . Can be addictive No long-term toxicity data .Can act as gateway drug Levels of nicotine and harmful chemicals unregulated In aerosols and has advised all States to clamp down on the sales and manufacture of these products.
Do you know? The evidence so far indicates that e-cigarettes are safer than combustible cigarettes. Because they heat a liquid to generate a nicotine- containing aerosol instead of burning tobacco, E-Cigarettes. E-Cigarettes, also called 1. personal vaporizers 2. vape pens, 3. e-cigars, 4. e-hookah, 5. vaping devices, 6. mod systems or 7. pod systems, they do not produce toxic tars. However, that doesn't mean they are completely safe. At high temperatures, e-cigarettes produce carcinogens such as formaldehyde although these are fewer in number compared to regular cigarettes. . are products that produce an aerosolized mixture containing flavoured liquids and nicotine that is inhaled by the user They also increase the odds of lung disease and myocardial infarction, but to a lesser extent than normal cigarettes do.
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