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The Hindu Daily Editorial Discussion 28/2/19 By Ashish Singh
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Calming Arunachal GS PAPER 2 Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.
The non-APSTs include the Deoris, Sonowal Kacharis, Morans, Mishings, Adivasis and ex-servicemen belonging to the Gorkha community. Successive governments and members of these communities have said PRCs are needed to avail of job and educational opportunities elsewhere in the country, and currently the 26 tribes and numerous sub-tribes who claim to be native to Arunachal Pradesh enjoy this privilege . Members of some of the non-APST communities have been long time residents of the reconstituted State, and to term them as "outsiders" reflects a chauvinistic mindset that denies a just demand.
1992 PRO Previous governments, including one led by the Congress in 2010, had also buckled under pressure on the issue. The indigenous tribes opposing the move say this is one step away from providing Scheduled Tribe status for the non-APSTs, which they vociferously oppose. land . While this fear is overblown, the award of PRCs could ensure land etherwise denied to rights that are otherwise denied to the non-APSTs.
The fact that the opposition to the demand took such a violent turn could be linked to a retaliation to attempts by the members of the non-APSTs to enforce an "economic blockade" of the State from the neighbouring parts of Assam last month. e inkedtoa retaliation to at lode of the State from the But these incidents suggest that barely any northeastern State is today free of the pattern of ethnic discord marked by some communities being branded "outsiders" and sought to be denied resident privileges. These include the Chakma issue in Mizoram, the hill versus valley disturbances in Manipur, the longstanding "migration" issue in Assam, the attacks on Sikh residents in Meghalaya, and even the Chakma/Hajong citizenship issue in Arunachal Pradesh itself.
. The pattern through all these is eerily similar, with ethnic identities trumping civic consciousness in bringing about discord that has even escalated into violence in some cases. . Arunachal Pradesh has otherwise remained a peaceful State, and it is incumbent on the government and the polity to foster a civic consciousness that allows equality of opportunity for all residents in the State. This is a difficult task as identity issues persist and fester when there is inadequate economic development which is the real bane of the Northeast today.
The vexatious question of Masood Azhar GS PAPER 2 Important International institutions, agencies and fora, their structure, mandate
.The UN Security Council adopted a statement on February 21 condemning the Pulwama terrorist attack of February 14, for which the Jaish-e-Mohammad (JeM) took responsibility. India is applauding this development and it should. A lot of diplomatic effort had gone into achieving this result. . But this statement should be looked at with a proper perspective.
Hierarchy of actions Some media organisations and analysts have mistakenly described the Council as having adopted a resolution. This is not true; the Council made a presidential statement. It may be worthwhile to understand the nuances of the action the Council takes in a given situation. . The least forceful action that the Council can take is to authorise the current month's President to speak to media representatives about the proceedings of the Council There is no official record of these remarks.
The second level is when the Council adopts a presidential statement. A lot of negotiations are undertaken in the small room reserved for informal consultations next to the Council chamber where only members of the Council are present. Of necessity, it has to be a consensus, as distinct from unanimous, document, meaning that not all the members support everything included in it but go along since they do not have a serious problem with the text. .Even if one member has strong objections to the text, the statement cannot be approved.
. The draft of the text could be prepared either by the President or by one of the members; for the most part, that member is the representative of one of the permanent members. Council or in the name of 'members of the Security Council latter. . Also, the statement could be issued either in the name of the . The former is generally regarded as carrying more weight than the
Some analysts dismiss the statements and resolutions of the Council as of no consequence, arguing that the countries concerned should pursue their interests irrespective of the Council's action. In practice, the country against which the resolution or statement is aimed cares a lot about the text of the resolution because countries care about their image in the international community. Israel, which has the maximum number of resolutions critical of its actions, makes strenuous efforts, through its protector, the U.s., to have the resolutions moderated to make them less critical. Hours are spent on negotiations, discussing whether to 'condemn', 'deplore' or 'strongly deplore' something.
. In 2016, India moved the sanctions committee to include Azhar's name, with the support of three permanent members: the U.S., the U.K., and France. .Again, in 2017, India took a similar initiative, supported by the same countries. On both occasions, Russia did not actively support the proposal, though it went along with it. . China vetoed it both times.
It makes sense not to allow the present to be held hostage to the Ms. Swaraj has a challenging mission to accomplish. .However, to regard the previous OIC resolutions regarding Kashmir as of no consequence is in the nature of rationalising the current approach. Hopefully, the OIC will respect India's gesture and refrain from embarrassing Ms. Swaraj after her departure.
Raising issues in the Council The successful preventive non-military strike carried out by the Indian Air Force on the JeM's terrorist training camp in Pakistan on Tuesday undoubtedly caught Pakistan by surprise. Apart from military action, which Pakistan has already taken, it will certainly try to raise the issue in the Council. It may be difficult to prevent it, since what has happened would certainly be regarded as threatening international peace and security. Pakistan's all-weather friend, China, may take the initiative on behalf of its prot g .
According to Council rules, if a member of the Council asks for a meeting, the meeting has to be called. India must have spoken to the U.S. and others about this possibility. If the Council does meet, it would give India an opportunity to expose Pakistan's true face. It will no doubt screen footage and photos to buttress its case in the Council.
It has the best intentions, but the Goods and Services Tax (GST) Council is nevertheless systematically eroding the strongest features of the new tax regime - simplicity and transparency Before the GST was introduced, the government set up a panel under the then Chief Economic Adviser, Arvind Subramanian, to come up with a suitable rate at which most items should be taxed under the GST. . Mr. Subramanian came up with a standard rate of 15% for most items, a "low rate" for essentials, and a "high rate" for demerit goods. Presumably dissatisfied with just three rates, the government chose to introduce GST with five different tax slabs: 0%, 5%, 12%, 18% and 28%. Still not satisfied, the GST Council then introduced two more highly specific rates: a nominal 0.25% for rough diamonds and 3% for gold
Those of a critical bent of mind immediately pointed out that the major beneticiaries of this would be GujaratiS. LATEST GST RATES FOR VARIOUS SERVICES . The latest GST Council meeting on Sunday took this a step further NEW 28 19, and introduced yet another rate of 1% for the sale of under- construction affordable houses. So, from what should have at most been three rates, we now have eight! To be clear, the number of tax slabs does not affect the concept of One Nation One Tax', as a single product is still taxed at the same rate across the country. But specifving eight different GST rates is a blow to tax simplicity, which the GST was to provide. NE 18 43. 12 14 NEW OLD
It's not too hard to imagine a situation where States start clamouring for a cyclone relief cess, drought relief cess, flood relief cess, etc. Recovery from natural disasters is an expensive process, and additional funds must be made available. But mechanisms for this have already been put in place. There is a National Disaster Response Fund at the Central level and each State has a State Disaster ResponseFund. Increasing budgetary allocations in these areas instead of spending on giant statues and advertising campaigns is an option.
Input Tax Credit System Inputs Outputs Input Tax Credit Raw Materials Goods Rent- SUPPLIER Services Utilities GST on inputs = Input Tax GST on outputs Output Tax
This is the third time the Council has removed this vital provision, and its reason for doing so is weak. Finance Minister Arun Jaitley said that the Council had noticed that real estate developers were not dropping their prices in line with what they should be doing, considering they were getting the benefit of input tax credits.
This happened before in the case of restaurants. In both situations, the government took the easy way out and simply removed the input tax credit provision altogeut and simply the provision altogether. . So, rather than relying on the body it had created to handle such issues, the National Anti-Profiteering Authority, the Council instead chose to weaken the entire tax system. . This wouldn't have been too much of a problem if the real estate sector was as small as the restaurant industry or the sanitary pads industry (the third industry where there is no input tax credits). But the real estate industry is estimated to be at least 40,000 crore in size. . Not to forget the fact that cement, a huge input in real estate, is taxed at the highest rate of 28%, and will now not be offset by credits.
In both cases disaster relief and anti-profiteering the GST Council has chosen to ignore established institutions designed for those very purposes in favour of a patchwork approach that is likely to cause more problems than it solves.
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Diego Garc a is an atoll just south of the equator in the central Indian Ocean, and the largest of 60 small islands comprising the Chagos Archipelago. It was settled by the French in the 1790s and was transferred to British rule after the Napoleonic Wars. It was one of the "Dependencies" of the British Colony of Mauritius until it was detached for inclusion in the newly created British Indian Ocean Territory (BIOT) in 1965. ' Between 1968 and 1973, the population was forcibly removed by the United Kingdom and the United States to establish an American base through intimidation of locals and denying the return of any who left the island
. Britain has tried to block Mauritius's claim to the islands at every stage, first by attempting to defeat a UN General Assembly vote in 2017 calling on the ICJ to deliver its opinion. When it lost this, London questioned the court's jurisdiction and Mauritius's version of how the deal had been thrashed out. However, Mauritius has had many countries on its side, including India. In written and oral submissions before the court. India has insisted that historical facts were not with Britain's interpretation and that its continued administration of the islands meant the process of decolonisation had not been completed. . In an ideal world, Britain would be compelled to hand the islands to Mauritius.
.However, as the opinion against the construction of the separation wall in the Occupied Palestinian Territory in 2003 demonstrates, advisories are not always acted on. . At the very least, Britain should show it respects the court's view and Mauritius's sovereignty, and make significant concessions - starting with matters ranging from fishing rights to compensation for the Chagossians, who have suffered through all of this. . The ICJ 'opinion' draws the line on what is expected from Britain for Britain for it to be a global nation in tune with the new world order. in tune with the nev It announces that the world has moved on from passive acceptance of the injustices of empire.