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18 February, 2018 The Hindu Editorial discussion
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Ashish Singh
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  1. The Hindu Daily Editorial DiScussion 18/2/19 By - Ashish Singh


  2. Page 8 Page 9 .The challenge in the Pulwama attack .India cannot achieve its strategic objectives if Kashmiris remain targets of harassment, and minorities are vilified Neither vainglorious nor venturesome An image published in 'The Hindu' was not doctored, as some have claimed How the 16th Lok Sabha fared One purpose, many differences Important bills were passed; but going forward there must be debate on the anti-defection law Taking on the BJP is not enough; the Opposition must work on its common agenda .Delhi dilemma Making art inclusive .Supreme Court's split decision flags the need to addressEvents like the Kochi-Muziris Biennale complexities in Centre-UT ties serve a vital purpose Strange emergency Donald Trump's latest move further undermines American democracy


  3. The challenge in the Pulwama attack GS PAPER 3 Role of external state and non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security.


  4. In recent months, those with experience in monitoring Jammu and Kashmir andd Pakistan had been getting distinctly uncomfortable. There were signals emanating from Pakistan pointing to a new turn. Pakistan Prime Minister Imran Khan was trying to make overtures to India and conveying that his government would be one with a difference, a 'Naya-Pakistan' as he called it. Pakistan Army Chief Qamar Javed Bajwa had earlier attempted to confound observers through a long interaction with the media, which came to be touted as the Baiwa Doctrine, and was 'supposed' to be a hand of friendship. The offer to open the Kartarpur Corridor and the fast-track progress to the conduct of ceremonies to launch the construction of the project were uncharacteristic. His presence at the ceremony on the Pakistani side appeared to reflect total consensus and support of the Army.


  5. It was somehow the wrong time for Pakistan to be making peace overtures when the Indian elections were approaching. Pakistan could not have expected any big and strategic decisions, and sure enough India's response to everything was lukewarm The circumstances did not permit any traction unless a firm commitment was given about the withdrawal of all support from across the border to terrorists.


  6. New terror tactics Whenever Pakistan starts to speak the language of peace, it raises hackles in India because it seems evident that something unusual is in the offing and overtures are primarily there to bait India. It has been proved again at Pulwama, with the most dastardly act perpetrated since the beginning of the 30-year-long proxy war in Jammu & Kashmir.


  7. Two issues are of relevance here. . The first is that the return of the car bomb and the improvised explosive device (IED) to the Kashmir theatre was predicted for the last one vear. on an . The trend had died out after the last effective IED attack, on an Army bus in July 2008, and the last car bomb attack, again on an Army bus on the very same road, in 2004. IEDs had been rampant earlier but car bombs were few and far Army bus in Jtuy 2008, and the lastct between. It was the progressive improvement in the fabrication of IEDs ang car bombs in the wars in Syria, Irag and Afghanistan and the internal security environment of Pakistan that probably gave an impetus to perceptions about their potential usage once again in Kashmir


  8. The Pakistani experience had also much to do with religiously radicalised young men strapped with explosives detonating themselves at gatherings of people - the suicide bomber as against the suicide fighter. Suicide bombing was neither experienced in earlier years nor has it manifested itself yet in Kashmir. Its threat potential, of course, remains live and its entry could further change the nature of the proxy war HAUT


  9. Pakistan's deep state has been aware that the Indian security forces have achieved much in the last two years in terms of neutralisation of terrorists, although almost the same number have been added through fresh recruitment or infiltration In order to reduce the domination and effectiveness achieved by the security forces and to limit their freedom of movement, the reintroduction of these devices could achieve much. That is because the unpredictability factor of IEDs and car bombs is so high that it forces a larger than normal deployment of security forces.


  10. Sign of Pakistan's confidence The second relevant issue, or observation, is that Pakistan's self- confidence has been increasin g. This has been despite the Financial Action Task Force (FATF) surveillance, its reduced foreign exchange reserves and a failing economy. The backing from China and, most importantly, Pakistan's enhanced geostrategic and geopolitical significance in the light of the U.S decision to pull out in full from Afghanistan have also contributed to it.


  11. The moment that decision on Afghanistan was taken, Pakistan once again acquired leverage with the big powers and all stakeholders for peace in Afghanistan. The realisation that it held the key to the return of the Taliban, the upholding of all its agreements with the foreign forces and future stability, gave Pakistan a strategic boost. The U.S. started courting it in a reversal of President Donald Trump's policy which had questioned the utility of such nations which had taken excess U.S. funding as aid and never delivered strategic advantage to it.


  12. While the mortal remains of 40 Central Reserve Police Force personnel were transported for last rites to cities and villages all over India, Prime Minister Narendra Modi publicly promised retribution for the loss and emphasised that he had given the freedom of choosing the time, mode and place to the Indian Army. A rare political consensus, short-lived no doubt, has appeared in New Delhi, and the media is discussing military options. To be realistic, that is how the modern world functions, on the power of public opinion.


  13. It is the first sign of Pakistan's increasing confidence that can be seen in the Pulwama attack executed by the Jaish-e-Mohammed (JeM), an organisation virtually sponsored and owned by Pakistan's intelligence agencies. Initial investigation suggests careful planning, infiltration of an 'IED doctor (a technical person capable of fabricating IEDs) and a module fully functional at work with a network of overground workers. . An apparent risk analysis in Pakistan would have revealed that with the internal health and state of equipment of the Indian armed forces under intense negative discussion in India, the feasibility of a response would be remote. An energetic impetus to terror would follow and this would probably have an effect on the electoral prospects of the current National Democratic Alliance government, besides preparing ground for extended violence into the future.


  14. It could start with covert operations which can be ongoing, to trans- border raids several notches higher than the surgical strikes and targeting Pakistan Army resources as against terrorist infrastructure, and surgical air strikes against terrorist bases inside Pakistan. Ground-based operations restricted to Jammu & Kashmir and harking back to some of the options of yesteryear could form a part of the overall response. However, it should be remembered that Pakistan will not permit such actions without its military response, which too would be robust.


  15. Time to be cool headed The Indian national leadership would do well not to be guided by the immediacy of electoral considerations; national security interests transcend this, . Whatever are the selected options, the two things that would make for stronger execution are political consensus and management of internal social cohesion. India cannot achieve its strategic objectives if Kashmiris remain targets of physical abuse and harassment, and minorities are vilified on social media. It is a difficult time for India and the leadership has to work overtime to ensure that the Indian armed forces have a 'firm base' to operate from; that is always a military need anyway.


  16. How the 16th Lok Sabha fared GS PAPER 2 . Parliament -functioning, conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these.


  17. Another notable event was the Speaker blaming unruly behaviour for her inability to count the required number of MPs demanding a no-confidence motion but allowing the Union Budget to be passed in the interim. notionbutallwingtnion Budeet to .There was a similar episode at the end of the 15th Lok Sabha when the Speaker was unable to conduct a no-confidence motion but let the House pass the Act to bifurcate the State of Andhra Pradesh.


  18. There was some effort to address the issues of corruption, black The Prevention of Corruption Act was amended to make bribe- giving an offence. Laws were made requiring a declaration of assets held outside India, and to declare as fugitives those economic offenders who had fled the country. The Aadhaar Act was passed to create a biometric-based identity system.


  19. There was some effort to address the issues of corruption, black lt. money and leakages. The Prevention of Corruption Act was amended to make bribe giving an offence. .Laws were made requiring a declaration of assets held outside India, and to declare as fugitives those economic offenders who had fled the country. The Aadhaar Act was passed to create a biometric-based identity system.


  20. This brings us to the manner in which some Bills were p Aadhaar Act was passed as a Money Bill and upheld (incorrectly in my opinion) by the Supreme Court. ME The Constitution defines a Bill as a Money Bill if it contains provisions that exclusively relate to taxes or government spending. Importantly, such Bills need majority support only in the Lok Sabha, with the Rajya Sabha having just a recommendatory role. Arguing that Aadhaar was primarily a subsidy delivery mechanism, and not an identity system seems like a stretch, but that was the majority decision of the Supreme Court. However, there has not been much conversation on the various Finance Bills that have been passed as Money Bills.


  21. The Finance Bill is traditionally introduced with the Budget, and contains all . However, Finance Bills, in the last few years, have included items which have . The Finance Bill, 2015 included provisions to merge the regulator of . The Finance Bill, 2016 included amendments to the Foreign Contribution the legislative changes to tax laws. Therefore, it is usually a Money Bill. no relation to taxes or to expenditure of the government. commodity exchanges with the Securities and Exchange Board of India. ^^ the Regulation) Act which relate to donations to non-profits. The Finance Bill, 2017 went further and changed the compositions of 19 quasi-judicial bodies such as the Securities Appellate Tribunal, the National Green Tribunal and the Telecom Disputes Settlement and Appellate Tribunal (TDSAT), and repealed seven other bodies including the Competition Appellate Tribunal.


  22. About half the clauses of the 2018 Bill were on issues unrelated to taxes. velated to atachink Pronertundrhe Even the Finance BilL, 2019 presented with the interim Budget amended the provisions related to attaching property under the money laundering law. It is difficult to see how these Bills would fall within the narrow definition of Money Bill, as defined in Article 110 of the Constitution.


  23. Delhi dilemma GS PAPER 2 Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure


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