The Hindu Daily Editorial DiScussion 7/2/19 By - Ashish Singh
Ashish Singh VERITED Edit Profile IB ACIO ll-2017(Mains Qualified), UPSC aspirant Exam cleared-SSC CPO (2014), SSC CGL Tier (2016-Qualified for Mains), DSSSB (Mains) 19,125 Views in last 30 days N285,035 Lifetime Views 62 Courses 9.7k Followers 28 Following NEWS Indian Polity By Ashish Singh By Ashish Singh By Ashish Singh February 2019: The Hindu Daily Editorial and Prelims Based. (Hindi) February, 2019 The Hindu Daily Editorial and Prelims... (Hindi) Understanding Entire Polity Through MCQs 19 Lessons 19 Lessons 5 Lessons
Page 8 Page 9 Ayodhya and the challenge to equality The Ram temple issue remains a metaphor for Muslim disenfranchisement .We need a leap in healthcare spending . India needs to focus on long-term investment, not only episodes of care Trump and his generals At the cost of quality . The decision to provide financial rewards .For all their discord, no one appears to know how to manage chaos at a time of U.S retreat for publication in science journals and patents is fraught with problems Tough-talking India must ensure it's not cut out of the resolution process with the Taliban A worrying approach Wil Ayushman Bharat hurt the spirit of cooperative federalism? Checks and balance Seeking a count of 50% of VVPAT slips is too much; the focus should be on ending glitches
Tough-talking GS PAPER 2 .Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India's interests
Tough-talking The Taliban reconciliation process is moving at a faster pace than was anticipated Talks facilitated by Russia in Moscow this week, with mainstream Afghan politicians sitting around the table with Taliban leaders, are similar in their approach to the recent U.S.-Taliban talks in Qatar, though the two are rival processes . The U.S. and Russia have accepted the idea that peace in Afghanistan is not possible without major concessions to the Taliban, including dialogue without insisting on a cessation of violence. In the duration of the Moscow conference alone, Taliban fighters killed 47 security forces personnel in attacks in Kunduz, Baghlan and Samangan provinces.
The U.S. and Russia have, in separate processes, agreed to sidestep the Ashraf Ghani regime in Kabul, and accepted the Taliban's condition that it will not negotiate with the elected Afghan government at this stage. And both the Russian and U.S. processes are dependent on cooperation from Pakistan, which retains its influence over the Taliban leadership. Clearly, the current talks with the Taliban are not within the "red lines" agreed to by all stakeholders in the past: they are not Afghan- led, owned or controlled, and the Taliban has not abjured violence, or sworn allegiance to the Afghan constitution before joining talks.
However, despite the deep and obvious misgivings in New Delhi, it would be pointless to ignore or reject the outcomes of the talks, where some progress has been made The U.S. has managed to bring senior Taliban leaders to the table, and is discussing the contours of its ultimate withdrawal from the Afghan war. . The Taliban has unequivocally renounced ties with al-Qaeda and the Islamic State, and committed to preventing Afghan soil from being used by foreign terrorists. For its part, Russia has hosted conferences where Taliban leaders sat down with members of the Afghan High Peace Council and senior Afghan politicians, including some contesting in this year's presidential elections.
. While India's principled position that it will not directly or publicly talk to the Taliban until it engages the Afghan government remains valid, it is necessary that India stays abreast of all negotiations and isn't cut out of the resolution process. It is hoped that a robust channel is open between Indian intelligence agencies and all important groups in Afghanistan, including the Taliban, in order to ensure that Indian interests, development projects and citizens are kept secure. . New Delhi must intensify its dialogue with regional and global stakeholders, and impress upon them that any dialogue with the Taliban must not come at the cost of the hard-fought victories of the Afghan people in the past two decades: on establishing constitutional democracy and the rule of law, and securing the rights of women and minorities.
Checks and balance GS PAPER 2 .Powers, functions and responsibilities of ELECTRONIC VOTING MACHINE (EVM) various Constitutional Bodies. CONTROL UNIT BALLOT UNIT
In a significant and welcome change from their earlier demand for a return to paper ballots, representatives of a large section of the mainstream Opposition parties met the Election Commission (ECI) to demand changes to the Voter Verifiable Paper Audit Trail counting process during the general elections. Returning to paper ballots will be regressive. The Electronic Voting Machine process, despite the plethora of grievances about its functioning from the Opposition parties, is a maior improvement over paper-based voting. SSI
There has been no evidence of EVM-tampering as claimed by some parties, and administrative and technical safeguards instituted by the ECI and EVM manufacturers have held steady since the introduction of the EVM. Despite this, the ECI had fast-tracked the implementation of the VVPAT, an adjunct to the EVM that allows for a paper trail for voting and later verification of the electronically registered mandate in the ballot unit of the EVM VVPATs are now deployed in all Assembly and parliamentary elections with EVMs
This implementation has not been without some misgivings. The Opposition's demand for a count of 50% of the VVPAT slips, as opposed to the current system of counting VVPAT slips in one randomly selected booth of each constituency, is aimed at ensuring hat EVMs have not been tampered with. ECI safeguards are robust enough to prevent this, but VVPAT recounts could eliminate any remaining doubt about possible "insider fraud" by errant officials or manufacturers.
The other issue with the VVPAT is more significant: machine glitches. During the parliamentary by-elections in Uttar Pradesh and Bihar, and Assembly elections in Karnataka in 2018, VVPAT glitches resulted in machine replacement rates rising to 20% and 4%, respectively. Glitches in the VVPAT machines were largely due to spooling issues in the print unit, which was sensitive to extreme weather. Some hardware-related changes were introduced, which improved its functioning in the recent elections in five States. . Machine replacement rates due to VVPAT failures came down to 1.89% for Chhattisgarh
While the Interim Budget is responsive to the needs of farmers and the middle class, it does not adequately respond to the needs of the health sector. The total allocation to healthcare is 161398 crore. While this is an increase of 7.000 crore from the previous Budget, there is no net increase since the total amount is 2.2% of the Budget, the same as the previous Budget. The increase roughly equates the t6,400 crore allocated for implementation of the Ayushman Bharat-Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana (PMJAY)
. In India, allocation for healthcare is merely 2.2% of the Budget. . Per capita spending on health in the Budget in India is?458 61398 crore/ 134 crore, which is the population) (Medicare and Medicaid come under 'mandatory spending' along with social security.) Adjusting for purchasing power parity, this is about $30 - one- hundredth of the U.S
Admittedly, this runaway healthcare cost in the U.S. is not to be emulated, since . Yet, the $4,000-$5,000 per capita spending in other OECD countries is not . The rate of growth in U.S. expenditure has slowed in the last decade, in line with . The t6.400 crore allocation to Ayushman Bharat-PMIAY In the Interim Budget will . This notwithstanding, per capita Budget expenditure on health in India is among . This requires immediate attention. comparable developed countries spend half as much per capita as the U.S. comparable with India's dismal per capita health expenditure. other comparable nations. help reduce out-of-pocket expenditure on health, which is at a massive 67%. the lowest in the world.
Health and wellness centres Last year, it was announced that nearly 1.5 lakh health and wellness centres would be set up under Ayushman Bharat. The mandate of these centres is preventive health, screening, and community-based management of basic health problems. . The mandate should include health education and holistic wellness integrating modern medicine with traditional Indian medicine. Both communicable disease containment as well as non- communicable disease programmes should be included. An estimated 250 crore has been allocated for setting up Health and wellness centres under the National Urban Health Mission
Prevention and its link to GDP NITI Aayog has proposed higher taxes on tobacco, alcohol and unhealthy food in order to revamp the public and preventive health system. This has not found its way into the Interim Budget. A focused approach in adding tax on tobacco and alcohol, to fund non-communicable disease prevention strategies at health and wellness centres, should be considered. .Cancer screening and prevention are not covered.
A worrying approach COOPERATIVE FEDERALIsM GS PAPER 2 Federal structure, Health. STATE NATIONAL
IB ACIO II- 2017(Mains Qualified), Verified Exam cleared- SSC CPO (2014), SSC CGL Tier (2016 - Qualified for Mains), DSSSB (Mains)