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The Hindu Daily Editorial Discussion 1st Feb, 2019 By Ashish Singh
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Page 8 Page 9 Heading towards strategic instability Is there a case for reservation for the forward classes? India must be alert as there is a possibility of emerging disruptive technologies prompting inadvertent conflict In the Northeast, a David versus Goliath battle With political protests erupting in the region against the Citizenship (Amendment) Bill, the BJP has been put on notice Blending fact and fiction To deal with the problem of propaganda films being taken as the truth, we need discerning viewers Not kosher The Chanda Kochhar case raises issues of corporate governance that go well beyond her A leader of the workers George Fernandes' passionate trade union work helped mute violent conflict in democratic India On a cliff edge Britain veers to a hard Brexit as Prime Minister May continues to placate Tory hardliners
Heading towards strategic instability GS Paper 3 .Changes to Internal Security
In late 2018, the government decided to set up three new agencies - 1. the Defence Cyber Agency, 2. the Defence Space Agency and 3. the Special Operations Division .in order to address the new age challenges to national security. . While this is indeed a useful step in the right direction, it is also important to note that the constitution of these agencies is a far cry from the crucial recommendations given by the Naresh Chandra Task Force and the Chiefs of Staff Committee, both of which had suggested the formation of three separate joint commands to deal with new challenges to India's national security in the cyber, space and special operations domains. .
High-tech innovations .There is a revolution in military affairs that seems to have attracted the attention of strategic analysts and policy planners across the world. .The current focus in military thinking across the world is increasingly moving away from traditional heavy-duty military hardware to high-tech innovations such as 1. artificial intelligence (AI), 2. big data analytics, 3. satellite jammers, 4. hypersonic strike technology, 5. advanced cyber capabilities and 6. spectrum denial and high-energy lasers. In the light of the unprecedented capabilities that these systems offer, there is also an increased focus on developing suitable command and control as well as doctrinal concepts to accommodate and calibrate them
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Fears of conflict There is an inherent paradox vis- -vis high technology-enabled military systems. While on the one hand, it is imperative for states to redesign their systems in the light of these new technologies, especially the digital and cyber components, this also makes the cyber- and digital-enabled systems vulnerable to covert cyberattacks. More so, given that such surreptitious attacks might take place in the early stages of a conflict, ensuing confusion and scare might lead to uncontrolled escalation with little time for assessment and judgement. The biggest fear about these technologies, the implications of which we don't fully understand yet, is their potential to increase the risks of intentional and inadvertent nuclear use. . .Such scenarios may be unlikely but not improbable. Here's what the Economist had to say on precisely such a scenario ."Both China and Russia fear that new American long-range non-nuclear strike capabilities could be used to deliver a disarming attack on a substantial part of their strategic forces or decapitate their nuclear command and control.
Chinese capabilities .China has emerged as a key actor in the field of emerging military technologies. .This is something that will concern New Delhi in the days ahead. .Some analysts believe that Beijing is in the lead position in emerging technologies with potential military applications such as quantum computing, 3D printing, hypersonic missiles and Al. If indeed, Beijing continues to develop hypersonic systems, it could potentially target a range of targets in the U.S. While the Chinese focus is evidently on U.S. capabilities, which China interprets as a potential threat, this is not without latent concerns for New Delhi . India might, in turn, consider developing some of these technologies which will create dilemmas for Islamabad. The cascading strategic competition then looks unavoidable at this point, and that is worrisome. . And yet, it might be difficult to avoid some of these developments given their dual use. .
China has emerged as a key actor in the field of emerging military technologies. This is something that will concern New Delhi in the days ahead. .Some analysts believe that Beijing is in the lead position in emerging technologies with potential military applications such as quantum computing, 3D printing, hypersonic missiles and Al. . If indeed, Beijing continues to develop hypersonic systems, for instance, it could potentially target a range of targets in the U.S. . the Chinese focus is evidently on U.S. capabilities, which China interprets as a potential threat, .this is not without latent concerns for New Delhi. India might, in turn, consider developing some of these technologies which will create dilemmas for Islamabad. The cascading strategic competition then looks unavoidable at this point, and that is worrisome. . And yet, it might be difficult to avoid some of these developments given their dual use.
Not kosher .GS 4 Corporate Governance Under The Scanner ! NAMES IN FIR Chanda Kochhar Videocon NuPower Deepak Kochhar, Industries Ltd Renewables MD, NuPower Videocon Ltd Renewables International Supreme VN Dhoot, MD. Electronics Energy Pvt Videocon Group Ltd Case registered under IPC sections dealing with cheating and criminal conspiracy, and Prevention of Corruption Act sections dealing with criminal misconduct by public servant Ltd Roles of Following Individuals Under Lens KV Kamath Sonjoy Zarin Daruwala Chatterjee Rajiv Sabharwal Bakhshi NS Kannanl Homi Khusrokhan K Ramkumar
.The inquiry by former Supreme Court judge Justice B.N. Srikrishna into the allegations against former ICICI Bank CEO Chanda Kochhar has taken eight long months to confirm what seems apparent interest issues Ms. Kochhar, her husband Deepak Kochhar, sanction of credit facilities in violation of rules, .-that she did not conduct herself as she should have in relation to conflict-of- It was only last week that the Central Bureau of Investigation filed an FIR against .head of the Videocon group Venugopal Dhoot and ICICI Bank executives for that caused a loss of 1,73crore to the bank. .The investigating agency has a long way to go before it establishes whether the loans were given in return for financial favours, a charge that is at the heart of booking them for criminal conspiracy, cheating and corruption. But clearly, Ms. Kochhar erred, and badly at that, in not disclosing to the bank's board her husband's business connections with the Videocon group, .was a client of the bank.
.Worse, she failed to display the correctness expected of her by sitting on committees that sanctioned credit facilities to Videocon when she ought to have recused herself. . Just a day after a 30@crore loan was disbursed to Videocon International Electronics in 2009, Mr. Kochhar's NuPower Renewables received Videocon group Whether this was a quid pro quo for the loan, as the CBl suggests, needs to be proved. 64crore from the . But there is no denying that it made for poor, even suspicious, optics.
Is there a case for reservation for the forward classes? GS PAPER II Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes
The Preamble, which is the soul of the Constitution, promises to all citizens social, economic and political justice. The economic status of citizens constitutes one of the three tests of backwardness. Hence, the ends of social justice cannot be truly met if we exclude the economically backward sections of society from availing the fruits of development in an equal manner.
When you allow reservation for the advanced classes, it changes the meaning of reservation Poverty denies equality of opportunity to individuals in education and employment. It denies them the opportunity of a decent and sustainable livelihood. Reservation, by the prevalent logic, ensures participation of the disadvantaged sections in employment through positive discrimination. Hence, there was a strong case for making a provision for reservation for the economically backward in the general category n education and employment to ensure that they also get reasonable opportunities to advance in life.
When you allow reservation for the advanced classes, it changes the meaning of reservation . The present provision of 10% reservation for the economically backward in the general category is being referred to as reservation for the 'savarnas', or upper castes. However, reservation under this category is not limited to upper caste Hindus; it is available to the poor in all general categories, who were not eligible for reservation under any other category hitherto. As for the upper caste Hindus, a significant proportion of the population live in the villages and in remote areas with limited economic opportunities. They face disadvantages in the matter of getting access to education and employment
To those who point to the Supreme Court's capping of reservation at 50% in the famous Indira Sawhney case, I wish to mention that this ceiling is applicable only for reservation for the socially and educationally backward category, i.e. to the Scheduled Castes/Scheduled Tribes (SCs/STs) and the Other Backward Classes (OBC) categories under Articles 15(4) and 16(4) of the Constitution. It does not apply to the present case of reservation, which has been provided as a special provision through a Constitution amendment. arowed au a special